Todays Issues East Asia

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GEO: today's issues

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Todays Issues East Asia

  1. 1. Today’s Issues: East Asia
  2. 2. Physical Forces <ul><li>Japan is part of ring of fire : a chain of volcanoes that line the Pacific Rim </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Dense oceanic plate meets a less dense continental plate </li></ul><ul><li>Oceanic plate moves under the continental plate - subduction; place where oceanic crust is subducted is called a trench; can cause crumpling of continental plate = volcanic action, earthquakes </li></ul><ul><li>In Japan - an average of 1,000 quakes per year; 1923 - Great Kanto earthquake left 140,000 dead, Tokyo in ruins </li></ul><ul><li>Another threat: tsunamis-earthquakes produce ocean movement - waves as high as 100 feet </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>How to deal? </li></ul><ul><li>-seismographs - detects ground movement </li></ul><ul><li>-Japan has established a strict building code </li></ul><ul><li>-disaster drills </li></ul>
  5. 5. Global Trade <ul><li>East Asia a economic powerhouse - took many many years </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation ended (through diffusion and force) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1853 Commodore Matthew Perry set sail for Japan - intimidation opened doors to Japan for US </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After WWII East Asia began industrializing (using some cheap labor - can we really blame them?) “Made in China” “Made in Japan” household items </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From mass producing, mass economy a global economy emerged - nations become dependent upon others for goods and resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World Bank - “economic miracle” - child labor </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Powerful Economies <ul><li>Jakota Triangle - Japan, (South) Korea, Taiwan - very strong during 80s and 90s </li></ul><ul><li>In mid-90s many banks went bankrupt, recession began - general decline in business activity; because of interconnectedness of economies, the world was affected </li></ul><ul><li>This crisis also led to awareness of human rights issues - sweatshops, cheap labor, child-labor, forced labor </li></ul><ul><li>Was this reform genuine or because of a certain agenda </li></ul>
  7. 7. Consequences (?) of an economically expanding region <ul><li>By 1950 East Asia was one of most least developed regions, stats on health, literacy, fertility, economics were low </li></ul><ul><li>Unrestricted population growth strains quality of life and environment = family planning - in China children per women dropped from 6.22 to 1.82 in about 45 years </li></ul><ul><li>Other issues: pollution, overcrowding, flooding, assault on human rights (1 child per family) </li></ul>

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