People and Places Is this culture?
<ul><li>Sections Covered: </li></ul><ul><li>1 - The Elements of Culture </li></ul><ul><li>2 - Population Geography </li></...
<ul><li>What is culture?  The total of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a spe...
<ul><li>culture is a  society </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic Group  refers to a group that shares a language, customs, and a com...
<ul><li>Culture Change and Exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation - taking existing technology and resources and creating s...
<ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-reflects all aspects of culture, including the physical area </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
<ul><li>2) Religion </li></ul><ul><li>-consists of a belief in a supernatural power or powers that are regarded as the cre...
 
<ul><li>Judaism: concentrated in Israel, oldest of Southwest Asian religions, people called Jews, established 3,200 years ...
<ul><li>Use map on page 76, what patterns do we see?  </li></ul><ul><li>Where are the largest areas of Traditional religio...
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Geography 10: Chapter Four, Section One

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notes on chapter 4, section 1

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Geography 10: Chapter Four, Section One

  1. 1. People and Places Is this culture?
  2. 2. <ul><li>Sections Covered: </li></ul><ul><li>1 - The Elements of Culture </li></ul><ul><li>2 - Population Geography </li></ul><ul><li>3 - Political Geography </li></ul><ul><li>4 - Urban Geography </li></ul><ul><li>5 - Economic Geography </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>What is culture? The total of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group. </li></ul><ul><li>Factors involved with culture: </li></ul><ul><li>-food and shelter </li></ul><ul><li>-religion </li></ul><ul><li>-relationships to family </li></ul><ul><li>-language </li></ul><ul><li>-education </li></ul><ul><li>-security/protection </li></ul><ul><li>-political and social organization </li></ul><ul><li>-creative expression </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>culture is a society </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic Group refers to a group that shares a language, customs, and a common heritage </li></ul><ul><li>--Can you name some ethnic groups in the United States? In Europe? In Africa? In Asia? </li></ul><ul><li>--Are there any comforts in “labeling” ethnicities? Any discomforts? </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Culture Change and Exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation - taking existing technology and resources and creating something new to meet a need </li></ul><ul><li>Examples? </li></ul><ul><li>Diffusion - spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Where might diffusion explode? Where might it happen less frequently? </li></ul><ul><li>-Acculturation - a society or individual changes because it accepts or adopts an innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Do innovations = acculturation? To what extent should acculturation occur? </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-reflects all aspects of culture, including the physical area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-example: KORITE, a Senegalese term? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-language helps establish a cultural identity; builds group identity, sense of unity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-3,000 to 6,500 languages spoken across world today </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-versions of a language are called dialects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-language diffusion exists…Swahili - developed as trade language between Arabic traders and Bantu-speaking African tribes…exists through migration - colonialism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LOOK at map and diagram on page 74 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Let’s check out this video on the San </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>2) Religion </li></ul><ul><li>-consists of a belief in a supernatural power or powers that are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe…is this an adequate definition? </li></ul><ul><li>-monotheistic: belief in one god </li></ul><ul><li>-polytheistic: belief in many gods </li></ul><ul><li>-animistic: belief in divine forces in nature </li></ul><ul><li>-spread of religions: through converts, conquerors, none… </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s watch a video about Spain before 1492… </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Judaism: concentrated in Israel, oldest of Southwest Asian religions, people called Jews, established 3,200 years ago, basic laws in TORAH, monotheistic Check out Matisyahu </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity: evolved 2,000 years ago from Judaism, monotheistic, based on teachings of Jesus Christ, teachings in BIBLE, recorded in Old and New testament, spread by Paul, three major groups: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Eastern Orthodox </li></ul><ul><li>Islam: based on teachings of Prophet Muhammad around 613 AD, people called Muslims, monotheistic, God called Allah, Qur’an, groups: Sunni, Shiite Let’s watch this video on Islam, Christianity, and Judaism </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism: one of oldest religions, 5,000 years old, ethnic religion concentrated in India, generally polytheistic, one divine spirit - Brahman, caste system </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism: offshoot of Hinduism, 563 BC in India near Nepal, founder - Siddhartha Gautama, rejects caste system, goal to reach nirvana or enlightened spiritual state, Asia, China, Japan, Korea, several branches - Theravada, Mahayana, Lamaism, Zen </li></ul><ul><li>Other Asian Practices: Confucianism, Taoism, Shinto </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Use map on page 76, what patterns do we see? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are the largest areas of Traditional religions? </li></ul><ul><li>Where do most Hindus practice and live? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a Jewish population in the Southern hemisphere? </li></ul>

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