China

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GEO: China

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China

  1. 1. China: A Closer Look -4,000 year old society -early ages ruled by dynasties - series of rulers from same family -first dynasty: Shang 1700BC, then the Zhou -The Qin Dynasty of 221 BC gave China its name; this dynasty united small states under strong central government; ruled by Shi Huangdi (also builder of Great Wall) -other dynasties: Han -in 1644 the Manchu people established the Qing dynasty; in 1911 overthrown, thus ending era of dynasties
  2. 2. <ul><li>By 13th century China was known on world scale - The Travels of Marco Polo </li></ul><ul><li>The Boxer Rebellion: 1900 - revolt by China being controlled by Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Japan </li></ul><ul><li>China united to overthrow and defeat the Boxers </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of two nations: the Nationalist party was formed in 1912 (Kuomintang). Civil war created chaos in China. In 1925 the founder of the Nationalist party died and a general named Chiang Kai-shek took control. Although the Nationalist party ruled, the Communist Party gained increasing power, under Mao Zedong. In 1949 the Communists defeated the Nationalists and it became The People’s Republic of China from Beijing. Chiang Kai-shek and the Nationalists fled to Taiwan. </li></ul><ul><li>Mao died in 1976 and Deng Xiaoping came into power. In 2003 Hu Jintao became president and Wen Jiabao premier (took control of economic reforms) </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Economy: Rural versus Industrial <ul><li>China is largely a rural society </li></ul><ul><li>Great river valleys - provide rich soil to feed vast population; 60% of Chinese work on farms </li></ul><ul><li>Farming available on only 13% of land </li></ul><ul><li>Northeast is industrial heartland: manufactoring, better transportation systems </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chinese culture and influences <ul><li>Pottery, bronze vessels, jade disks and artwork </li></ul><ul><li>Inventions: paper, printing, gunpowder </li></ul><ul><li>Religious influences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confucius - philosopher who lived from 551 bc to 479 bc; belief in obeying government, importance in education, hierarchy, well-ordered society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taoism - based on Tao-te-ching by Lao-tzu, lived in 6th century bc; importance of preserving and restoring harmony, government should leave people alone, harmony with nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhism - by 300 AD had diffused from India to China; rebirth, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These three religions are often interfused and combined to meet culture’s wants </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Your assignment on China <ul><li>Research one of the following aspects of China and write a brief synopsis of your findings. </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT PLAGARISE!!! </li></ul><ul><li>You may choose: government, art, culture, health care, the economy, sports, immigration, population, religion, history (dynasties, Mao era), natural disasters… DUE WEDNESDAY </li></ul>

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