Chapter 6 US History - Mr. Philen


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chapter 6, section 1 and 2 notes - US HISTORY

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Chapter 6 US History - Mr. Philen

  1. 1. Now that the Constitution is set, what’s next?
  2. 2. Presidente, numero uno <ul><li>George Washington was unanimous choice </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution – strong foundation, but not clear on HOW to govern </li></ul><ul><li>His first steps: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) Judiciary Act of 1789: Supreme Court consists of chief justice and 5 associate justices (changed now to 8); also, state court decisions can be appealed by federal court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) Executive Branch: 3 departments created – State, War, Treasury; first secretaries – Thomas Jefferson, Henry Knox, Alexander Hamilton </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Two sides collide Alexander Hamilton Thomas Jefferson <ul><li>Grew up in British West Indies </li></ul><ul><li>Orphaned at 13 </li></ul><ul><li>Worked at young age, moved to New York </li></ul><ul><li>Ship builder </li></ul><ul><li>Joined war, fought in Revolution along side Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Little faith in common people (afraid of mob) </li></ul>-Started in politics at 26 -Wrote declaration -Governor of VA -Southern planter – scholar, architect, inventor -For common people
  4. 4. Creating sectionalism… Hamilton offered idea – move capital to area closer south; 1790 – District of Columbia created -Pierre L’Enfant, Andrew Ellicott, Benjamin Banneker HAMILTON JEFFERSON -power in federal gov’t -fear of mob rule -loose interpretation of Constitution -need for National Bank -economy based on shipping, manufacturing -payment of national and state debts -supporters- merchants, manufacturers, landowners, investors, lawyers, clergy -share power with local and state gov’t; limited national gov’t -fear of absolute power -strict interpretation -no need for National Bank -economy farm based -payment of only the national debt -supporters- farmers, tradespeople
  5. 5. 1 st Political Parties <ul><li>And today, the parties still exist </li></ul><ul><li>Major issue – power and size of federal government </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton and strong central gov’t ideas become Federalists </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson and state and local gov’t control become Democratic-Republicans </li></ul>
  6. 6. Whiskey Rebellion <ul><li>Corn – crop – bulky </li></ul><ul><li>Frontier farmers revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton – Protective tax of 1789 – encourage American production; excise tax – to levy manufacturing of whiskey </li></ul><ul><li>Revolt by farmers; Hamilton and Washington bring in armies, defeat rebellion, proves ability to take control of domestic issues </li></ul>
  7. 7. Europe, revisited <ul><li>French Revolutio of 1789 influences American political thought </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who do you think America would support? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are they obligated to support a certain side? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Ideas at home vary <ul><li>Jefferson, Madison (Democratic-Republicans) wanted to honor 1778 treaty and support France </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton (Federalists) wanted to support Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Decision: neutrality </li></ul><ul><li>Messier Genet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jefferson resigns 1793 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Expanded Boundaries <ul><li>Spain and Thomas Pinckney sign Treaty of San Lorenzo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US received all land east of Mississippi except Florida </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>31 st parallel US southern boundary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US can use port of New Orleans </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Faults in previous treaty <ul><li>Treaty of Paris had holes – Great Britain troops still occupied areas of Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans never accepted land changes </li></ul><ul><li>Miami tribe – defeats US – Little Turtle </li></ul><ul><li>1794, US wins final bought – 20,000 worth of goods, 10,000 dollar annual payment </li></ul><ul><li>Sets precedent with strategy to “deal” with Natives </li></ul>
  11. 11. John Jay treaty and French relations <ul><li>Signed treaty to renew relations with Britain </li></ul><ul><li>With growing divisions GW decides not to run for 3 rd term </li></ul><ul><li>John Adams (Federalist) defeats Thomas Jefferson (Dem-Rep) in election of 1796 </li></ul><ul><li>Growing sectionalism </li></ul><ul><li>XYZ affair – growing dissent towards French in America </li></ul><ul><li>Alien and Sedition Act – misuse of power – according to Jefferson and Madison – VA and Kentucky rebellions </li></ul><ul><li>Washington dies on December 14, 1799 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Questions for Thought… <ul><li>Main Idea – page 187 #2, #4, #5 </li></ul><ul><li>Main Idea – page 196 #4 – write in complete sentences, at least ½ page </li></ul>