Chapter 4, Section 5 Soc

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SOC: Chapter 4, section 5 notes

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Chapter 4, Section 5 Soc

  1. 1. Chapter 4, Section 5 The Structure of Formal Organizations Goals and Objectives: -to explain how bureaucracies are structured -to evaluate the effectiveness of bureaucracies
  2. 2. Some definitions <ul><li>Formal organization - a large, complex secondary group that has been established to achieve specific goals </li></ul><ul><li>Various venues: schools, businesses, government agencies, religious organizations, youth organizations, political organizations, volunteer associations, labor unions, professional associations </li></ul><ul><li>Bureaucracy - ranked authority structure operating according to specific rules and procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Why were bureaucracies created - to rationally organize groups to complete a set of goals </li></ul>
  3. 3. Weber’s Model of Bureaucracies <ul><li>German Max Weber developed theoretical model of bureaucracies </li></ul><ul><li>Division of labor : work divided among specialists to perform specific duties </li></ul><ul><li>Ranking of authority: clear-cut lines of responsibility, each individual responsible to a supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>Employment based on formal qualifications: people are replaceable and hired according to past experience, education, tests </li></ul><ul><li>Rules and regulations: give exact responsibilities and authority </li></ul><ul><li>Specific lines of promotion and advancement: employees expect career with organization; clear-cut lines of promotion </li></ul>
  4. 4. Relationships in Formal Organizations <ul><li>Are relationships in bureaucracies impersonal? Should they be? Ideally? </li></ul><ul><li>What happens in reality? In factories? --squelers, ratbusters, chiselers </li></ul><ul><li>Golf on weekend? If your boss says so… </li></ul>
  5. 5. The effectiveness of bureaucracies <ul><li>Do bureaucracies create order and structure? </li></ul><ul><li>Do they lose sight of original goals? </li></ul><ul><li>What happens when you move up the totem pole? Does your energy lower? </li></ul><ul><li>Struggle of bureaucratic personality? </li></ul><ul><li>Red tape syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Oligarchies: few people rule many </li></ul><ul><li>In Class study: A “random” school system… </li></ul>

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