Chapter 10: Racial and Ethnic Relations Section 1: Race, Ethnicity, and the Social Structure Section 2: Patterns of Interg...
Section 1: Race, ethnicity, and the Social Structure <ul><li>Race: a category of people who share inherited physical chara...
<ul><li>Ethnicity: set of cultural characteristics that distinguishes one group from another group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E...
<ul><li>Minority Groups: a group of people who because of their physical characteristics or cultural practices are singled...
Section 2: Patterns of Intergroup Relations <ul><li>Discrimination and Prejudice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discrimination: den...
<ul><li>Discrimination: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal discrimination: upheld by law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional...
<ul><li>Prejudice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stereotype: oversimplified, exaggerated, unfavorable generalization about a group ...
<ul><li>Sources of Discrimination and Prejudice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sociological Explanations: prejudices embedded in so...
 
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Chapter 10 Soc

840 views

Published on

ch.10 sociology notes - section 1 and 2

Published in: Spiritual, Career
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
840
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
15
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 10 Soc

  1. 1. Chapter 10: Racial and Ethnic Relations Section 1: Race, Ethnicity, and the Social Structure Section 2: Patterns of Intergroup Relations Section 3: Minority Groups in the United States
  2. 2. Section 1: Race, ethnicity, and the Social Structure <ul><li>Race: a category of people who share inherited physical characteristics and whom others see as being a distinct group. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Historically scholars have used 3 different racial groups: caucaosoids, mongoloids, negroids…is this good enough? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Ethnicity: set of cultural characteristics that distinguishes one group from another group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnic group—people who share a common cultural background and a common sense of identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on national origin, religion, language, customs, values </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do ethnic groups survive? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do ethnicities over step racial or national boundaries? Jewish people, African Americans </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Minority Groups: a group of people who because of their physical characteristics or cultural practices are singled out and unequally treated. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not have to do equate with group size –South Africa whites during apartheid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Groups possess identifiable physical or cultural characteristics that differ from dominant group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Victims of unequal treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ascribed status? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share strong bond and sense of group loyalty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tend to practice endogamy </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Section 2: Patterns of Intergroup Relations <ul><li>Discrimination and Prejudice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discrimination: denial of equal treatment to individuals based on their group membership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prejudice: unsupported generalization about a category of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Behavior versus attitude </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Discrimination: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal discrimination: upheld by law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutionalized discrimination: outgrowth of structure of a society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apartheid, segregation, lynchings, Jim Crow, advancement with job placements with minority groups </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Prejudice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stereotype: oversimplified, exaggerated, unfavorable generalization about a group of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Irish people are hot-tempered </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self-fulfilling prophecy: prediction that results in behavior that makes it come true –internalizing a stereotype…examples? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Racism: belief that one’s own race or ethnic group is naturally superior </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>See chart page 240: active bigot, timid bigot, fair-weather liberal, all-weather liberal </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Sources of Discrimination and Prejudice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sociological Explanations: prejudices embedded in social norms; accepted social norms; often a norm of groups within society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological Explanations: prejudice because have certain type of behavior; product of frustration and anger; scapegoating – placing blame on innocent individual or group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic Explanations: arise from scarce resources, true? Inexpensive labor, laws restricting Chinese immigration </li></ul></ul>

×