The state of Georgia is located in the south-eastern part of the UnitedStates. It borders with the states of Tennesse in the north, Florida in the south, Alabama in the west, South Carolina and the Atlantic Ocean in the east.
There are mountains such as the Ridge and Valley Appalachians in the northwestand the Blue Ridge Mountains in the northeast. In central Georgia there is thePiedmont Plateau and in the sourth the Coastal Plain. Georgia’s climate is mainly subtropical with hot and humid summers. There are many rivers, such as the Altamah River, the Savannah River, the Suwannee River, etc. The Chattaoochee is the longest river.Lake Sidney Lanier is the largest lake, followed by LakeOconee. Other lakes are Lake Blackshear and Lake Sinclair
FactfileNicknames Peach State Empire State of the SouthPopulation Over 9,000,000 peopleCapital AtlantaLargest city AtlantaAbbreviation GA
History It was established in 1732 and was the last of the original thirteen colonies. Its name comes from King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was one of the Southern States which fought against the Nothern States during the Civil War in the 19th century. It was readmitted into the Union in 1870.Georgia is also the state where MartinLuther King Jr. lived and where hestarted his campaign to obtain civilrights for black people.
Main cities Atlanta is the capital and the largest city. Augusta is the second largest city. Other important cities are Columbus, Macon, Rome and Savannah.
ATLANTA is located in Northern Georgia, on the Chattaoochee river. It was established in 1837 on Cherokee Native American land. Its first name was Terminus, then Marthasville. It was finally changed to Atlanta in 1845.It was almost completely destroyed by a fire in 1864 during theCivil War. But the city was built again really fast: it rose from its ashes to become one of the world’s most important cities. One of its nicknames is The Phoenix City. In 1868 it became the state’s capital. In the 1960s it was an important centre for the Civil Rights Movement led by Martin Luther King Jr. whoAtlanta from its ashes was born in Atlanta in 1929.
It is known as a major business city. In Atlanta there are the headquarters of two of the world’s best known companies.The 1996 OlympicGames (CentennialOlympics) were heldhere. Its most famous university is the Georgia Institute of Technology. Atlanta International Airport is the world’s busiest airport.
Landmarks of AtlantaGeorgia State Capitol C entennial Olympic Park The Canopy WalkThe King Center – Martin Luther King’s tomb
Things to see in Atlanta The world’s largest aquarium
AUGUSTA is located on the border with South Carolina. It is the second largest city of the state. The city was named for Augusta, Princess of Wales, daughter-in-law of King George II of Great Britain and mother of King George III of Great Britain It was the second state capital of GeorgiaIt is the hometown from 1785 to 1795.of James Brown. Its nickname is The Garden City. Today it is famous for hosting the Masters Tournament in golf each spring.
COLUMBUS is situated about 160 Km south of Atlanta, on the border with Alabama. It lies at the beginning of the navigable part of the Chattahoochee river. It was here that Jacob Pemberton made forIt was the first time.named afterCristopherColumbus. Its nickname is The Fountain City. Coca-Cola Space Science Center
MACON is located in central Georgia. Its nickname is Heart of Georgia. City AuditoriumIt is the birthplace or hometown offamous artists such as Otis Redding Every year in March there is theand Little Richard. International Cherry Blossom Festival.
ROME is situated in the North of Georgia, under the Appalachian Mountains. The Rome Braves are the local baseball team.Its name comes from the Italian city ofRome because it was built on 7 hills Rome Town Greenwith a river running through them. Historic Clock Tower In 1929 Italian dictator Benito Mussolini gave the US city a statue of Romulus and Remus nursing from a mother wolf. Old Mill’s waterwheel Old Courthouse
SAVANNAH is located in South-East Georgia, at the mouth of the Savannah river. Mercer-Williams House Museum St. John’s Cathedral It was established in 1773 and was the first state capital of Georgia. It is a wonderful historical city: St. Patrick’s Parade during the American RevolutionOne of its nicknames is The and the Civil war it was a strategicSouthern Belle of the Georgia port.coast. Rich in history and culture, it is visited by millions ofGerman Memorial Fountain tourists every year. Riverboat Cruise