Currency • The official currency of Australia is the dollar, The abbreviation is the next simbols: $, A$ ,AU$ to differentiate it to the American dollar. On February 14th in 1966 the Australian dollar replaced the Australian pound.
The Currency change1 euro is equivalent to a 1,32 Australian dollar
OriginIn Australia there are 3 stages:• Ancient• Colonisation• Post federation
AncientAustralia was not always in the location and shape it is recognised today. Millions of years ago, it was part of the the great land mass called Gondwanaland.
ColonizationAt the time of colonization of Australia, Great Britain was in need of new land to place its convicts.
Post federationThe Post Federation period was marked by the two world wars.
Weather• Natural hazards: Forest fires, severe droughts and cyclones along the coast.
• Weather in Sydney, New South Wales340 days sunny days a yearSummer ( December to February)• Weather in Melbourne, VictoriaRainfall is highest from May to October• Weather in Adelaide, South AustraliaIt is the driest of all cities
• Weather in Canberra, Australian Capital Territorytemperatures of 11°Cnine hours a day of sunshine in summer
GeographySeas: It is surrounded by the Indian, Pacific and Antarctic Glacial, is separated from Asia by the Arafura and Timor seas.Rivers: the two most important rivers are the Murray and Darling.Terrain: Mostly low plateau with Deserts and fertile plains in theSouth east.Highest point: Mount Kosciuszko 2,229m.Uluru: is one of the most famous natural icons of Australia, also called Ayers Rock. It is located in the middle of Australia. Urulu is a sacred place for Australian Aborigines
Government The Australian Confederation is a constitutional monarchy and it has a parliamentary system of government.There are three differents power structures:•Judiciary•Executive•LegislatureThere are three very important political parties: Labour Party, Liberal Party and National Party. Actually the Laborist Party is in the power with the Prime minister Julia Guillard.
CuriositiesThe most important curiosities are:• Australia is the antipodes of Spain• The boomerang is an old hunting tool. After throw it, it returns to the same place.• Australia is the biggest island and the smallest continent in the world.• Australia is the first country to celebrate the New Year.• Christmas in Australia is in summer.• Australia is the only country that is also a continent.
SportsAustralia has got a lot of very important teams in cricket, hockey and Rugby leagues, there are also swimming, rowing and cycling.Australia was the host in the Olympic games 1956 and 2000 and it is within the five countries that has won more medals since 2000.Australia is the only southterm hemisphere country that has won a golden medal in the winter olympic games.