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Reproductive health: STDs

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Reproductive health: STDs

  1. 1. Melissa Rodgers JIA Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  2. 2. STDs  Sexually transmitted disease is the general name for disease passed from one person to another through some type of intimate sexual contact, not only sexual intercourse. Intimate sexual contact refers to vaginal, oral, and anal intercourse and intimate touching.
  3. 3. Preventing STDs  ABSTINENCE: practicing sexual self control and choosing to save intimate sexual contact for marriage.  This means that limiting sexual intimacy needs to be established closer to the level of kissing and hugging than to sexual intercourse. Contrary to the belief of many teens, abstinence includes refraining from intimate contact other than intercourse. Many teens put themselves at risk of STDs by engaging in intimate touching and oral sex.
  4. 4. Preventing STDs  Fidelity – Faithful. One partner for life. This is also called Monogamy.
  5. 5. Reducing the Risk of STDs for the sexually active:  Maintain a monogamous relationship. This does not mean having a faithful relationship with one partner after another.  Do not have anonymous sex. Know your partner’s sexual health! Are they telling you the truth? Don’t take chances! Talk about his or her past sexual behaviors. Get tested before any intimate involvement.  Use a latex condom
  6. 6. Reducing the Risk of STDs for the sexually active:  Wash hands and genitals with soap and water immediately after sexual contact.  If you are a male, urinate as soon after sex as possible  Be observant of unusual physical features or symptoms in your partner’s or your own genitals  Do not use needle (intravenous – IV) drugs
  7. 7. What a person should do if he or she suspects he or she is infected with an STD:  Recognize the early signs. Upon detecting or experiencing the first symptoms of an STD, be responsible by seeking medical treatment.  Discuss the concern with a trusted adult for support and advice.  See a doctor or go to a clinic such as your county health department.  Refrain from any sexual contract from the time of diagnosis until the doctor confirms the disease is cured.
  8. 8. What a person should do if he or she suspects he or she is infected with an STD:  Once a confirmed diagnosis has been made, begin treatment and continue as the doctor has prescribed.  Do not try homemade remedies.  Return to the doctor at the end of the treatment period to confirm the STD has been cured.  Inform and report all sexual contacts
  9. 9. What a person should do if he or she suspects he or she is infected with an STD:  Practice the precautions to reduce the risk of a recurrence.  Get STD checks regularly. If you are monogamous, get checked once a year. If you are a promiscuous person get checked at least every three months or four times per year.
  10. 10. STDs which are treatable and curable: These diseases can be treated and cured if caught early. Many times, the damage can not be repaired and is permanent.  Chlamydia  Gonorrhea  Syphilis  Trichomoniasis  Pubic Lice
  11. 11. STDs which are treatable but NOT curable  Herpes  HPV: Genital Warts  Hepatitis B  HIV / AIDS

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