An introduction to Animation. What is Animation? What allows us to experience movements in an animation? How different types of animations are made? What are some uses of animation and what is the impact of animation on society?
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOWDefinitionPersistence of Vision: How Animation WorksTypes of Animations & ExamplesHow to Create an AnimationStoryboard and comparison with Comic StripsUse and Impact of Animation
A DEFINITION…Animation is the creation of the “illusion of movement” using a series of still images
PERSISTENCE OF VISIONRefers to brain retaining the image of what eyes see even after the image is no longer visible.The brain can only process a certain number or images at a time.Brain can recognize images as separate images if they are viewed at 12 or fewer images per second.
PERSISTENCE OF VISIONIf the pictures appear faster than 12 per second they begin to merge into each other creating the illusion of movement.Television and movies are usually created at 24 to 30 images per second
HOW MANY STILL IMAGES? 12 frames per second (fps)10 frames per second2 frames per second
3 TYPES OF ANIMATION Historically there are 3 major types of animation: 1.Hand Drawn Animation 2.Stop Motion Animation 3.Computer Animation
HOW WERE CARTOONS MADE? Felix The Cat: appeared in Theatres in 1919 Created by Pat Sullivan & Otto Messmer
HAND DRAWN ANIMATIONDone by an artist who draws each character and movement individuallyVery time consuming to have to draw, then colour, then photograph each pictureDraw pictures first, then colour them on celluloid, then they take pictures and animate themVery expensive due to hours of labour involvedExamples: Older Disney Movies i.e. Bambi, Fox and Hound, Cinderella etc.
STOP MOTION ANIMATIONCan be done by virtually anyone, with no extensive trainingDoes not take that much time relative to the other 2 methodsUses jointed figures or clay figures that can be moved to make motionsTake still pictures of the individual movements, then use relatively inexpensive computer software to animate
STOP MOTION ANIMATIONWe use Movie Maker Software to complete our animationsNot very expensive because all you need is a digital camera and the software comes with Windows XP operating systemExamples: Star Wars, Robot Chicken, Old Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer
COMPUTER ANIMATIONAll characters and movements are generated using computer animation softwareCan also be very time consuming as they can get very complicated in movements and effectsAll characters are fully animated with no still pictures
COMPUTER ANIMATIONCan be very expensive because of the complexity of the stunts and animations being doneHuge budgets because the animation sequences more complicated these days eg. the war scenes in Lord of the Rings etc.Examples: Toy Story, Finding Nemo, Matrix, Lord of the Rings
ANIMATION STORYBOARDSA storyboard is a series of sketches that can be used as a guide for making a film or videoIt contains the action and dialogue of the filmCan also include the music, narration, special effects information etc. for the person to guide them in creating the film
COMIC STRIPSFelix The CatFirst comic strip (1922)
COMIC BOOKS AND COMIC STRIPSAre they more like an animation sequence or a storyboard?They are more like a storyboard because they DO NOT SHOW CONTINUOUS MOVEMENTIt shows the person or object in one place and then in another and the sequence between is left to the imagination to make the link from one picture to the other
GREATEST IMPACT FOR TODAY?Animation is NOT just for kidsIt has become mainstream and kids, teenagers, adults and seniors.When most teachers today were kids it was very odd for a parent to be sitting with their children and watching an animated show.Now adults take their kids to the movies and watch with them and there are often “inside jokes” for adults too
ANIMATION USESAnimated Movies: Million dollar industry;1- 20 millions spent on each movieAnimation & Computer Graphics Effects are used in movies frequently