3.3 managing ict 3

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3.3 managing ict 3

  1. 1. 3.3 Managing ICT<br />
  2. 2. Specification<br />We will cover the shaded areas in more depth in the following unit 3.4 ICT Strategy<br />
  3. 3. What areas of ICT need to be managed in an organisation?<br />Why are roles and responsibilities important in an organisation?<br />What are the key attributes to good management of ICT?<br />Why is organisational size an important factor to consider when managing ICT?<br />Why is organisational structure an important factor to consider when managing ICT? (slide 8)<br />Explain the terms centralised and decentralised (slide 8)<br />Questions you should be able to answer by the end of the unit...<br />
  4. 4. You have just been hired as DBS IT Manager, you have two technicians below you.<br />To manage is to oversee / direct<br />Think of three things you have to manage.<br />NOT DO.....MANAGE<br />Strategic development inline with Mr. Homden’s School Objectives<br />Technical matters e.g. Delegating ‘hands on’ tasks to technicians<br />Development Projects – new ideas for development through your knowledge and expertise of latest technologies<br />Activity<br />
  5. 5. So that employees are clear about authority and expectations of their role<br />Job descriptions should outline this<br />E.g. <br />IT Technician is responsible for replacing cartridge in a printer and answers to IT Manager<br />IT Manager is responsible for purchasing print cartridges and answer to Director of Technology<br />Why are roles and responsibilities important in an organisation<br />
  6. 6. You have seen a new job advertise at a large company. The position is ‘Head of IT Services’. Another management role but with the responsibility of managing a larger team. You wish to apply for the position and must write a letter of application.<br />What strengths in personal attributes do you discuss in your letter of application?<br />Good decision maker (manager must make decisions)<br />Trustworthy (Good decision require trust)<br />Good written and verbal communication (communicate between technical and non technical staff)<br />Team Player (as above)<br />Respectful (must resepect Senior management decisions)<br />Activity<br />
  7. 7. Why is organisational size an important factor to consider when managing ICT?<br />It will effect the degree of formality with which ICT is managed.<br />You got the job you applied for<br />The company is much larger<br />How will this effect you and how <br /> you manage?<br />E.g. How will you communicate with your Network Manager as opposed to the technicians in your previous job? Will you need to communicate with external personnel? How will you communicate information to outsourced companies e.g. Payroll<br />
  8. 8. Why is organisational structure an important factor to consider when managing ICT?<br />Can determine whether or not management is centralised or decentralised<br />Centralised<br />This is where senior management have more control and apply more standardisation. This type of structure can be extremely stressful for managers<br />Decentralised<br />This is where subordinates more job satisfaction and uses their knowledge. Decision-making is often quicker with no need to pass decisions up and down the chain of command. It also makes it easier to groom staff replacements by delegation of responsibility<br />Example<br />DBS is Centralised. All requests have to be passed up through the chain of command to Taaleem to confirm or deny. It could be said that this is frustrating for all levels when purchasing, requesting change through new initiatives proposed by experienced staff and for Managers feeling a lack of control or responsibility.<br />
  9. 9. What is information flow?<br />What is formal information flow?<br />What are 6 methods of formal information flow<br />What is informal information flow?<br />What are 5 methods of informal information flow<br />What are the benefits and drawbacks of using email to support information flow?<br />What factors must be considered when planning information flow?<br />Questions you should be able to answer by the end of the unit...<br />
  10. 10. The way information moves around an organisation<br />There are two types of information flow<br />Formal<br />Informal<br />What is information flow?<br />
  11. 11. The flow of information created by the procedures of an organisation.<br />E.g. Someone applying for a job would use a formal method of getting in their application (application form)<br />What is FORMAL information flow?<br />
  12. 12. Formal meetings (pass on information, take minutes)<br />Internal memos (student reports to be completed by March 6th)<br />Notice boards (H&S, fire drill guidance, cover)<br />Presentations to groups (Pass on information)<br />Intranets (Provide access to policies and digital notice boards)<br />Email (Ever increasing, attach agendas, inform all staff of ill students that have been sent home)<br />What are 6 methods of FORMAL information flow<br />If email is tied into proper procedures then it is part of formal information flow<br />
  13. 13. The flow of information which is not structured but naturally arises within an organisation.<br />E.g. An email to inform teachers of an unplanned room change within school<br />What is INFORMAL information flow?<br />
  14. 14. Phone calls (“There’s a parcel been delivered for you from DHL”)<br />The Office Grapevine (“Have you heard that Simon has been sacked?”)<br />Stories in the local press or rumours (“Teacher hits out at student!”)<br />Personal conversation or observation (“Can you let Daniel know that I have marked his homework and it is on my desk?”)<br />Email (“Has anyone lost any keys?”)<br />What are 5 methods of INFORMAL information flow<br />If email is tied into proper procedures then it is part of formal information flow<br />
  15. 15. Consider DBS. Discuss the formal and informal information flow within it.<br />Example <br />If I require stationary, I will fill out a form pass it on to Ken (site manager/supplies Department) who will then enter this request into our school system that produces a weekly list of requests (THIS IS FORMAL INFORMATION FLOW)<br />If I urgently need a whiteboard pen I will call reprographics and ask for one (THIS IS INFORMAL INFORMATION FLOW)<br />Activity<br />
  16. 16. Benefits<br />Can use global mailing lists (email to many)<br />Immediate send and receive<br />Can easily reply or forward<br />Drawbacks<br />People might not check their emails regularly<br />Information overload (receiving emails that are not necessarily explicitly for you)<br />What are the benefits and drawbacks of using email to support information flow?<br />
  17. 17. An Information System MUST support the Information Flow<br />E.g. If the MD needs information on last months sales to plan the next campaign, Transaction Processing Systems are needed to log purchases. An MIS is required to extract this information and consolidate it so that it can be clearly analysed.<br />Information Flow needs to be carefully planned<br />Information Flow differs between organisations depending on these factors:<br />Size (Small businesses don’t need formal systems)<br />Type<br />Structure (Flat or Hierarchical or Flat)<br />Hierarchical– Information flow needs to be carefully planned as it has to flow up and down the chain of command<br />Amount of information<br />Natureof the data (confidential/personal information)<br />Origin of data (electronic EPOS / Handwritten)<br />What factors must be considered when planning information flow?<br />
  18. 18. Past Paper Questions<br />Mott & Leeming 3rd Ed. Pg 65<br />Explain the difference between informal and formal information flow within an organisation. Include in your answer examples of formal and informal information flow mechanisms.<br />(10 marks)<br />

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