Prepared by :Mohammed A QazzazSupervised by :Dr. Samir Qauta
Depression : Our life is full of challenges .we have the ability to solve theseproblem among our this life . sometimes we cant solve ourproblem by our selves , and we ask for help from the others .sometimes they help and sometimes we find no one to help .thinking a lot about problems without finding any way out of it. long thinking for too much time will make the normal humanto feel little depressed .the problem is we have a lot of wrong beliefs that will blursour mind from other views , and this beliefs will make us todeal in a wrong manner .
Fable like the lion and the sheep suggest that we are whatwe believe ourselves to be
In this story this lion was brought up among a flock of sheephe thought that he is a sheep and thought eating grass is hislot of life .and he lived in this cage of wrong thoughts .Any one like this lion will behave like a sheep even when we ismore like a lion , this is the same when a depressed one thinkabout his problems as endless .
Now this one cant solve his problem and he will start to thinka bout himself in a new wayI can’t solve it out .I am a powerless .Who I am ?No answer or ……. I am no oneHopelessWorthless
Worthlessness ,is a common and painful symptomof depression it describes when people think theyare weak ,inadequate , or flawed .
Socratic method to defeat depressive thinking you can start by defining the meaning of the words you use to describe your depressive experience. Then, you can give your self examples that fit the definition followed by exceptions that can contradict the definition.
A PLURALISTIC THEORY OF SELFSocrates’ prescription for wisdom is to“know thy self.”A process of self-inquiry can sharpen self-knowledge.When depressed, you may be inclined to think categoricallyabout your self by defining your self as worth less .But the self is too complex to be so easily classified.
A broader perspective on the self can contradict narrow depressive thinking about the self and help alleviate that part of a depressive burden.This means simply we want to describe the self using all itsattributes
Here are some arguments for accepting theself as pluralistic:Psychologists Gordon Allport and Henry Odbert (1936), in their search for whatmakes up the self, found 18,000 human qualities listed through out a standardEnglish dictionary. These words included emotions, talents, and traits. They foundabout 4,500 trait words including warm, dominant, sanguine, inventive, friendly,quick-witted, motivated, bold, shy, and stub born. The words describe part of thecomplexities that go into what is a gigantic composite picture of the self.Human beings have about eight primary emotions and about fivehundred cognitively toned variations on these basic themes. Basicemotions include delight , anger, and fear.Emotional variations include angst and lassitude. Emotions can bemixed, such as feelings of dis gust and anger.
Con. arguments for accepting the self as pluralistic : There may be over 120 factors that go into what we call “intelligence.” Our intuitive abilities, insights, imagination, and creativity add to this intellectual complexity. Your complexity grows when you con sider what goes into the many roles you play , such as parent, prophet, pal, or patriot. You can add to your self-definition using externals such as the type of clothing you wear , the auto mobile you drive, your job status, or how much money you have invested.
Doing a Personal Features Experiment :here we want to ask the depressed person to make a comparisonbetween what he can do and him selfs features and the wordworthless .This one described himself as a worthless . Worthless
But we want to explore himself with these categories :values , faculties, emotions, attributes and roles .Values :include responsibility, honesty, or a good meal. Whatyou value is what you normally view as important.Faculties: include reading, writing, calculating, cooking, negotiating, repairing.Your faculties will normally have related skills. For example, you mightoccasion ally restore furniture. That process can break down into an expanded list of faculties such asacquiring, repairing, sanding, staining , varnishing, and so forth.
Emotions : include hap pi ness, sad ness, frustration, and joy. In their simplestform, emotions break out into pleas ant and unpleasant states. Whendepressed, emotions tend to be unpleasant and negative. When in adepressive state of mind and emotion, look beyond depression and thinkabout the range of emotions that you once were capable of experiencing.What were these emotions? When did they occur?Attributes :include being out going, quiet, bold, friendly, quick-witted, passive, active, caring, sensitive, or hard-nosed. These are the sortof distinctive features of a personality that can stand out to other people. Roles : involve the various parts you play through out the day and through out your life, such as student, teacher, protector, or organizer.
Values Faculties Emotions Attributes Roleshonest Reading Bold Son Writing patriot Friendly brother Cooking sensitiv Uncle drawing e Worthless
A THEORY OF WORTHIn a practical sense, people who display special skills gain advantages. High skillperformers in the arts, business, sports, and the professions gain financialadvantages. So does the mechanic who quickly diagnoses and fixes an automotive problem. He provides a service that is valued.There are big advantages for per forming effectively and dis ad vantages forweak performances.But are either top or lower levels of performance a measure of humanworth?
Thomas Hobbes describedhuman worth as measured bywhat peoplecon tribute to society. There aremany ways to makecontributions, so no personneeds to be excluded from thisformulation. But does it makesense to use “contributions” as adefinition for self-worth?
Contingent-worth :Its to feel worth upon the rating of what you do and what youthink the others think of you .When doing some thing good ,you esteem yourself as a worth, but when you cant do good things or you think that the othersthink of bad things about you , you will believe that you rworthless .And this is not a sense way to define the worth tooBecause if they think good or bad about you its not going tochange your life .If you failed to do the good thing today you may do it tomorrow
If some one made a big mistake sometimes he will think about him self as aworthless and he will think that he cant do the right thing . Especially whenhe fail to do something many times .This is a failure trap . because to fail is discovering that this way does notwork .For example the inventor Thomas Edison made many thousands of attemptsto find the filament for a light bulb he tried to develop . When asked how hewas able to tolerate such failures, he quipped that he did not see this as aseries of failures. He saw the process as a way of discovering what didn’twork.