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Biomes

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Biomes

  1. 1. Launch <ul><li>See if you can list, from memory, the 6 characteristics that are necessary for a factor to be considered “biotic”. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Biomes and Ecosystems
  3. 3. What is a biome? <ul><li>A biome is a large geographical region characterized by a specific climate and distinct types of plants and animals </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is a biome? <ul><li>Sometimes people use the words “ecosystem” and “biome” interchangeably, meaning they can mean the same thing </li></ul><ul><li>However, technically an ecosystem can be much smaller than a biome (it can be as small as a puddle!) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Let’s Review the Major Biomes <ul><li>Temperate Deciduous Forests </li></ul>Yearly Rainfall: 30-49 inches Average Temperatures: 43 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Animals: rabbits, deer, squirrels, bears, lots of birds Plants: deciduous trees (leaves fall off in the autumn), grass, ferns, woody shrubs
  6. 6. Let’s Review the Major Biomes <ul><li>Coniferous Forests </li></ul>Yearly Rainfall: 14 -30 inches Average Temperature: 14 – 57 degrees Fahrenheit Animals: moose, deer, chipmunks, foxes, birds Plants: evergreen trees (they never lose their leaves and often have needles, like pine trees)
  7. 7. Let’s Review the Major Biomes <ul><li>Tropical Rain Forests </li></ul>Yearly Rainfall: up to 158 inches Average Temperatures: 68 – 93 degrees Fahrenheit Plants: hundreds and hundreds of different types (most diversity in the world) Animals: monkeys, parrots, butterflies, snakes and MANY more!
  8. 8. Let’s Review the Major Biomes <ul><li>Temperate Grasslands </li></ul>Yearly Rainfall: 10 – 30 inches Average Temperatures: 32 – 86 degrees Fahrenheit Plants: grass, some flowers Animals: prairie dogs, mice, bison
  9. 9. Let’s Review the Major Biomes <ul><li>Savanna </li></ul>Yearly Rainfall: 59 inches Average Temperatures: 61 – 93 degrees Fahrenheit Plants: grass, bushes Animals: lions, zebras, hyenas, elephants
  10. 10. Let’s Review the Major Biomes <ul><li>Deserts </li></ul>Yearly Rainfall: less than 10 inches Average Temperatures: 45 – 100 degrees Fahrenheit Plants: cacti, some flowers, some bushes Animals: jack rabbits, rats, lizards, snakes
  11. 11. Let’s Review the Major Biomes <ul><li>Tundra </li></ul>Yearly Rainfall: 12-20 inches Average Temperatures: -14 to 54 degrees Fahrenheit Plants: ground covered in permafrost and only the surface thaws in the summer so only grass and some shrubs grow Animals: caribou, wolves, lemmings, hares

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