benandalexdarfurpreso

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Darfur Presentation created by Ben and Alex. They presented this to my 8th graders.

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benandalexdarfurpreso

  1. 1. Montgomery County Sudan Divestment Ben Simon Alex Demarais
  2. 2. Darfur Background <ul><li>Africa Sudan </li></ul>
  3. 3. Darfur <ul><li>Jan 2003: Second Civil War ends </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 2003: Darfur conflict begins </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Casualties <ul><li>The 2007 UN estimate is 400,000 dead and 2.5 million displaced from their homes </li></ul><ul><li>Rapes during firewood collection </li></ul>
  5. 5. The “Bad Guys” -Sudanese Military Helicopters -Janjaweed Militias
  6. 6. Sudanese Military Helicopters
  7. 7. Janjaweed: Armed militias on horsebacks. <ul><li>Mainly Arab and Muslim </li></ul><ul><li>They have been at odds with Darfur's population in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by Sudanese government, in an effort to take advantage of the tension between the two ethnicities. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Deadly Combination
  9. 9. A History of Inaction <ul><li>February 2008 marks the 5 th year anniversary of the genocide in Darfur </li></ul><ul><li>Represents the first “ongoing” genocide </li></ul><ul><li>Marks the first time when the UN Security Council has resolved to have something done and it hasn’t been done </li></ul>
  10. 10. How Could Such Crimes Against Humanity Last This Long? <ul><li>United State’s foreign policy is dominated by Iraq. The two conflicts directly overlap. </li></ul><ul><li>The UN has been all around soft on the Sudanese government. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UN gets its legitimacy from established countries like the US, UK and China, but China doesn’t believe in human rights intervention and they’ve been thwarting efforts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Still, if the Bush Administration and Congress wanted to , they could push their weight around and get the UN to intervene. But… </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The “Who’s Darfur” Syndrome <ul><li>There is little to no media coverage of Darfur. The Center for American Progress found that during June 2005, CNN, FOX News, NBC/MSNBC, ABC, and CBS ran 50 times as many stories about Michael Jackson and 12 times as many stories about Tom Cruise as they did about the genocide in Darfur. </li></ul><ul><li>How can people take action if they are oblivious to the conflict? </li></ul><ul><li>News serves as a constant reminder, but Darfur has not had sufficient coverage. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Indifference In America <ul><li>Once knowledgeable about the situation, most people don’t feel it’s their or even our (America’s) duty to intervene. </li></ul><ul><li>Many automatically assume that an “invasion” is what advocacy organizations are supporting. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They fear another Iraq. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. A Few Pictures…
  14. 14. Avenues of Advocacy <ul><li>No major Darfur advocacy organization supports an invasion. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Divestment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UN/AU Peacekeeping Troops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freezing Assets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehensive regional treaty and indictments on all perpetrators (Ultimate Goal) </li></ul></ul>

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