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Reasons the nazis kept power social controls and policies


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Reasons the nazis kept power social controls and policies

  1. 1. Volksgemeinschaft Before coming to power, Hitler promised to build a ‘national community’, involving all sections of society. The Nazis introduced various social policies to give them greater control of Germans.
  2. 2. Boys’ groups Boys’ groups were essential to win them to Nazi ideology and also prepare for war. Boys aged ten joined the ‘German Young People’ and 14 year olds joined the ‘Hitler Youth’ to take part in military-type activities.
  3. 3. Girls’ groups Nazis were very sexist and believed a female’s role was to have and raise children. 10-year olds joined the ‘League of Young Girls’ and 14-year olds the ‘League of German Maidens’ to learn about marriage.
  4. 4. Women’s groups The National Socialist Women’s League aimed to gain more Nazi support from amongst German women. There was even a medal for German women who had eight or more children.
  5. 5. Control of education Jewish teachers were sacked and other teachers forced to join the Nazi Teachers’ Alliance. Pupils were taught based on Nazi views e.g. biology taught that Germans were a superior race whilst Jews were inferior.
  6. 6. Arguments for influence Nazi control was about influencing every part of society – young and old. These policies helped the Nazis control younger people, but this in turn had an impact on their parents’ views.
  7. 7. Arguments against influence Many of these policies were about winning the Nazis long- term support in Germany, not the 1933-1939 period. Indoctrinating ten year olds in 1933 was not the key factor which kept the Nazis in power.
  8. 8. Arguments against influence Some Germans also actively opposed the Nazis, especially groups such as the White Rose Group and Swing Kids. Others kept a personal identity, such as through religion.