Reasons the nazis gained power weimar


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Reasons the nazis gained power weimar

  1. 1. German Revolution, 1918-1919 At the end of World War One there were revolts across Germany, similar to the Russian Revolution. Eventually the Kaiser abdicated and a new German Republic was set up in 1919.
  2. 2. The Weimar Republic Between 1919 and 1933, the system of government in Germany was known as the Weimar Republic. This was because the assembly that set up the system met in the German city of Weimar.
  3. 3. German democracy Huge democratic changes were introduced under Weimar: • All Germans age 20+ – male and female – could vote • Reichstag (Parliament) was directly elected • The President was elected by the people
  4. 4. German elections German elections used proportional representation, meaning a party with 15% of the vote got 15% of the seats. This meant many small parties were elected and governments were always coalitions.
  5. 5. Article 48 Another key feature of the new Weimar Republic was Article 48, which gave strong powers to the President. This let the President pass laws in the event of national emergency.
  6. 6. Arguments for importance Weimar’s election system undermined confidence. Proportional representation allowed extreme parties to get elected, and led to coalitions which made taking action difficult to agree.
  7. 7. Arguments against importance Between 1924-1929, the Weimar Republic became richer. It was only after the 1929 Wall Street Crash – a global event – that Weimar collapsed. This suggests democracy was supported before economic crisis.
  8. 8. Role of the army The army did not support Weimar, but they reached a deal with Friedrich Ebert, Germany’s new leader. Ebert agreed to not pursue full revolution in return for the army’s backing – and letting the army leadership keep their jobs.
  9. 9. Workers’ demands A deal was reached with employers which improved some working conditions (such as an 8-hour day). However this was not the Soviet- style control of industry that some Germans wanted.
  10. 10. The Spartacist revolt In 1919, Communists tried to start a full revolution to let workers take control of Germany. They were defeated when Ebert persuaded the army to help, employing violent ex-soldiers called the Freikorps.
  11. 11. Arguments for importance The Weimar Government was weak from the very start. It had to make secret agreements with the army and unpopular deals with employers, meaning no-one ever truly supported it.
  12. 12. Arguments against importance A right-wing group attempted to stage a revolution in 1920, known as the Kapp Putsch. This failed after Germans staged a General Strike, suggesting some support for the Weimar regime.