Reasons for german unification decline of austria

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Reasons for german unification decline of austria

  1. 1. Relations with Russia Russia and Austria were allies; Russia helped Austria overcome the 1848-49 revolutions. During the 1850s Crimean War, Russia expected Austrian support. Austria’s refusal destroyed the relationship between the two.
  2. 2. Politics and economics Austria could do nothing to stop the Nationalverein being set up, which campaigned in the Bund for German unity. Austria was also behind Prussian economically due to a lack of natural resources.
  3. 3. Arguments for influence If the Russians had supported Austria, it is less likely that Bismarck would provoked war. The weak Austrian economy also made it harder for them to influence other states or build a strong army.
  4. 4. Bismarck’s role Bismarck benefited from the Zollverein and Austria refusing to support Russia. Bismarck allowed Russia to access Prussian land during a battle with Polish forces. This also stopped him worrying about Poles in German territory.
  5. 5. Bismarck’s role Bismarck also engineered war between Prussia and Austria. He refused Austria access to land secured after the Danish War. Austria declared war and after their defeat by Prussia were left even weaker than before.

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