Obstacles to german unification austria strength

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Obstacles to german unification austria strength

  1. 1. Powerful Austria Until 1848, Austria was the dominant state within the German Confederation. Austria believed a united Germany would threaten its own multi-ethnic empire and so opposed unification.
  2. 2. Austria and Prussia Austria worried Prussia might dominate a united Germany. Both were divided by religion (Austria, Catholic – Prussia, Protestant). Austria was also angry at having been excluded by Prussia from the Zollverein.
  3. 3. 1848 Revolutions Austria had been hugely affected by the 1848 revolutions. Chancellor Metternich had even had to flee Vienna because of the violent protests.
  4. 4. Main obstacle? Yes Austria had permanent Chairmanship of the Bund – this gave them chances to weaken unification attempts. Austria had support of southern states that needed its military protection.
  5. 5. Main obstacle? Yes The Frankfurt Parliament was most successful when Austria was distracted by revolution. Once Franz Josef re-established order, Austria worked to defeat unification, including withdrawing its delegates.
  6. 6. Main obstacle? No Opposition to united Germany was found in all the states, not simply Austria, often based on monarchy concerns. Prussia’s leader, Frederick William, also had major doubts about unification.

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