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Germany 1918 133 timeline


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Germany 1918 133 timeline

  1. 1. Year Event 1918 Start of the German Revolution End of World War One 1919 Spartacist Revolt German Workers’ Party formed Weimar Republic established Treaty of Versailles signed 1920 Kapp Putsch fails Nazi Party formed 1923 France/Belgium occupy the Ruhr Munich Putsch fails Hyperinflation in Germany Year Event 1924 Hitler writes ‘Mein Kampf’ 1925 SS (Schutzstaffel) formed 1926 Hitler Youth formed 1927 Start of Nuremburg rallies 1928 Hitler reorganises Nazi Party 1929 Global depression 1930 German election (Nazis, 18.3%) 1932 German election (Nazis, 37.4%) 1933 Hitler becomes German Chancellor
  2. 2. 1918 Start of the German Revolution At the end of World War One, many Germans followed Russia and led a revolution, including the Navy’s Kiel Mutiny. Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated and Germany becoming a republic.
  3. 3. 1918 End of World War One The First World War raged from 1914-1918. It finally ended when Germany surrendered. The war ended on 11 November, 1918. Many Germans were shocked at their surrender.
  4. 4. 1919 Spartacist Revolt The Spartacist Revolt was a general strike and series of violent protests aimed at securing left-wing revolution. Its failure marked the end of the German Revolution.
  5. 5. 1919 DAP formed The Germans Workers’ Party (in German shortened to DAP) was a political party aimed at securing a stronger Germany. It was founded by Anton Drexler.
  6. 6. 1919 Weimar Republic established A new democratic government system was established in Germany to replace imperial government. It was named after the German city in which it was agreed; Weimar.
  7. 7. 1919 Treaty of Versailles signed Although WW1 ended in 1918, the legal agreement was not signed until 28 June 1919. The Treaty forced Germany to give up land, most of its armed forces and pay reparations too.
  8. 8. 1920 Kapp Putsch fails The putsch was a violent attempt to overthrow the democratic Weimar Government. It failed when most Germans joined a general strike in protest.
  9. 9. 1920 Nazi Party formed The German Workers’ Party changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP, or Nazi). One of its members was Adolf Hitler.
  10. 10. 1923 France/Belgium invade Ruhr Germany was not paying back the reparations agreed under the Treaty of Versailles. France and Belgium marched into the Ruhr – Germany’s industrial zone – to control and get their money that way.
  11. 11. 1923 Munich Putsch fails Hitler tried to lead a violent overthrow of the German government, starting in a Munch Beer Hall. Hitler was put on trial and sent to prison for nine months. The trial made Hitler famous across Germany.
  12. 12. 1923 Hyperinflation starts Inflation had been increasing in Germany since 1921 due to the cost of reparations. In 1923 it massively shot, leading to millions of people losing their savings and becoming destitute.
  13. 13. 1924 Hitler writes ’Mein Kampf’ Hitler wrote a book when in prison called ‘Mein Kampf’ (‘My Struggle’). It was about his life and plans for Germany in the future. It eventually became a best selling book.
  14. 14. 1925 SS formed The Schutzstaffel (or SS) was the guard unit of the Nazi Party. It was made of volunteers and also officially their job was to protect the party, they were in fact hugely violent.
  15. 15. 1926 Hitler Youth formed The Hitler Youth was the section of the Nazi Party that young men joined. It was effectively a training ground for future Nazi members, SS guards and, eventually, soldiers.
  16. 16. 1927 Start of Nuremburg rallies From 1923, the Nazi Party held huge rallies to promote its message. From 1927 onwards they were all held in the city of Nuremburg. Thousands of people would attend to hear Hitler speak.
  17. 17. 1924-1928 Hitler reorganises Nazi Party Between 1924-1928, Hitler made major changes to the way that the Nazi Party was run. As well as the SS and Nazi Youth, he hired Joseph Goebbels to work on propaganda and won business backing too.
  18. 18. 1929 Global depression The US Stock Market Crash of 1929 caused massive financial problems all across the globe. Millions became unemployed, lost their savings and were forced to live in poverty.
  19. 19. 1930 German elections The 1930 elections showed that support for the Nazi Party was growing. They secured 18.3% of all the votes, making them a major power in the Reichstag, the German Parliament.
  20. 20. 1932 German elections The Nazis were even more successful at this election. They were the biggest single party, gaining 37.4% of the votes. Hitler was offered the chance to be Vice-Chancellor but declined.
  21. 21. 1933 Hitler becomes Chancellor Hitler’s power and the actions of other political parties led to German President, Paul von Hindenburg appointing the Nazi leader as German Chancellor, giving him huge powers.