Extent of support for German nationalism opponents

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Extent of support for German nationalism opponents

  1. 1. The Ruling Class German states – as elsewhere in Europe – had a class structure, such as Junkers in Prussia. Many people from the ruling classes opposed change because they worried it would cost them power and influence.
  2. 2. Monarchies The German princes and kings were also generally opposed to nationalism – for the same reasons as the ruling classes. They feared that a united Germany would cost them their power.
  3. 3. Arguments for influence The ruling classes and monarchies had political control of their countries which allowed them to limit the impact of nationalism. In particular they controlled each state’s military.
  4. 4. Arguments against influence Some monarchs – such as King Frederick William IV of Prussia - were prepared to consider political change. However Frederick William did go back on some of his promises e.g. press freedom.

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