In the 1980s the USSR went through many changes
which would ultimately lead to the end of the Cold
War. What were these an...
At the start of the
1980s, the USA and
USSR’s relationship was
worse than ever.
The USA did not take
part in the 1980 Mosc...
Both sides went through
significant political
change.
In the USA right-wing
politician Ronald Reagan
was elected President...
The Soviet Union also
had several changes in
their political
leadership.
The most significant was
the appointment of
Mikha...
Gorbachev once told his
wife, Raisa, when
speaking about the
USSR, that “we can’t go
on living like this.”
Under his leade...
Gorbachev tried to build
better relationships
with western leaders,
including Ronald Reagan
and Margaret Thatcher.
Gorbach...
Gorbachev made several
reforms in the Soviet
Union, notably:
• Perestroika
• Glasnost
• Democratisation
• Ending Brezhnev ...
Perestroika
Perestroika means a
change in the economy to
allow more private
companies to be set up.
This is a big change i...
Glasnost
Glasnost means ‘openness’.
As the USSR was a secret
state, Gorbachev wanted it
to have less secrets.
This meant m...
Democratisation
This change allowed more
people to influence
politics and the
Communist Party.
For instance more
candidate...
Ending Brezhnev Doctrine
The Brezhnev Doctrine
was that the Soviet
Union would intervene in
any Communist country
which mi...
The Soviet Union also
pulled out the
Afghanistan War in 1989.
Like the USA in Vietnam,
the Afghanistan War was
an embarras...
Countries in Eastern
Europe had revolutions
to end Communist rule,
including in Romania,
Hungary and Poland.
Most famously...
Gorbachev was temporarily
removed from power in
August 1991, and the
Soviet Union began to
collapse.
In December 1991 the
...
Changing Cold War Relations - 1980s changes in the ussr
Changing Cold War Relations - 1980s changes in the ussr
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Changing Cold War Relations - 1980s changes in the ussr

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Changing Cold War Relations - 1980s changes in the ussr

  1. 1. In the 1980s the USSR went through many changes which would ultimately lead to the end of the Cold War. What were these and why did they happen?
  2. 2. At the start of the 1980s, the USA and USSR’s relationship was worse than ever. The USA did not take part in the 1980 Moscow Olympics, and the USSR did the same in the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics.
  3. 3. Both sides went through significant political change. In the USA right-wing politician Ronald Reagan was elected President. Reagan – a former movie actor – was very anti- Communist.
  4. 4. The Soviet Union also had several changes in their political leadership. The most significant was the appointment of Mikhail Gorbachev as General Secretary of the Communist Party.
  5. 5. Gorbachev once told his wife, Raisa, when speaking about the USSR, that “we can’t go on living like this.” Under his leadership, the Soviet Union went through massive political, military and economic reforms.
  6. 6. Gorbachev tried to build better relationships with western leaders, including Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher. Gorbachev met Reagan several times, and proposed plans such as phasing out nuclear weapons.
  7. 7. Gorbachev made several reforms in the Soviet Union, notably: • Perestroika • Glasnost • Democratisation • Ending Brezhnev Doctrine
  8. 8. Perestroika Perestroika means a change in the economy to allow more private companies to be set up. This is a big change in a Communist country. It had only a small influence but was very symbolic.
  9. 9. Glasnost Glasnost means ‘openness’. As the USSR was a secret state, Gorbachev wanted it to have less secrets. This meant many things, including having a more free media and allowing banned books to be published.
  10. 10. Democratisation This change allowed more people to influence politics and the Communist Party. For instance more candidates were allowed in elections.
  11. 11. Ending Brezhnev Doctrine The Brezhnev Doctrine was that the Soviet Union would intervene in any Communist country which might support capitalism. Gorbachev said that this would no longer happen.
  12. 12. The Soviet Union also pulled out the Afghanistan War in 1989. Like the USA in Vietnam, the Afghanistan War was an embarrassment to the USSR. They could not afford the financial cost of continuing.
  13. 13. Countries in Eastern Europe had revolutions to end Communist rule, including in Romania, Hungary and Poland. Most famously, the Berlin Wall was knocked down in 1989. East and West Germany were reunited.
  14. 14. Gorbachev was temporarily removed from power in August 1991, and the Soviet Union began to collapse. In December 1991 the Soviet Union was officially dissolved. The Cold War was over.

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