LEARNING INTENTIONS
• Describe the main factors which led to
the end of the Cold War
• Explain which factor you feel is mo...
The collapse of the Soviet Union and end of the
Cold War are huge events in history. However what
caused the downfall of s...
Historians who discuss
the end of the Cold War
tend to focus on three
main themes:
• Events inside the
Soviet Union
• Even...
Many people argue
that events within
the Soviet Union were
ultimately what
caused it to
collapse.
This includes issues
rel...
The 1980s saw huge
political change in the
Soviet Union.
New leader Mikhail
Gorbachev’s decision to
introduce reforms bega...
These changes included a
greater openness and
also a decision not to
use military force on
other Soviet countries.
All of ...
Money may have played an
important role too.
The USSR had committed too
many resources to the
military and other
countries...
Many people credit
issues outside the
Soviet Union, including
the USA’s actions.

Also, the revolutions
led by people in t...
During the 1980s, the
USA built a range of new
weapons, which the USSR
could not afford to
match.
US President Ronald
Reag...
There is also a belief
that people within the
USSR grew tired of the
lives they led.
As more and more people
protested and...
Public figures
such as
politicians were
certainly
important during
the Cold War?
However did they
help end it?
One of the most obvious
people to link with the
end was Mikhail
Gorbachev.
As USSR leader he
introduced many reforms
which...
A greater openness, more
democracy, changing the
economy; all of these
massively changed the
Soviet Union.
Others however ...
US President Ronald
Reagan is sometimes
given credit too.

Reagan was very antiCommunist. He gave
support to Afghanistan
a...
However many argue that
Reagan might have
actually delayed the
Cold War’s end.
By being so aggressive
he forced the USSR t...
UK Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher was a
big supporter and friend
of Ronald Reagan.
She had good relations
with Gorbachev...
However Thatcher’s
influence is largely
limited.

Her main power came
from her friendship
with Ronald Reagan,
suggesting h...
Another key person
might have been Pope
John Paul II.
John Paul II, from
Poland, gave many
speeches which hugely
influence...
The Pope’s role in
Poland was very
important in changing
the country. This had a
knock-on effect
elsewhere.
However his in...
Changing Cold War Relations - reasons the cold war ended
Changing Cold War Relations - reasons the cold war ended
Changing Cold War Relations - reasons the cold war ended
Changing Cold War Relations - reasons the cold war ended
Changing Cold War Relations - reasons the cold war ended
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Changing Cold War Relations - reasons the cold war ended

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Changing Cold War Relations - reasons the cold war ended

  1. 1. LEARNING INTENTIONS • Describe the main factors which led to the end of the Cold War • Explain which factor you feel is most important and why
  2. 2. The collapse of the Soviet Union and end of the Cold War are huge events in history. However what caused the downfall of such a powerful empire?
  3. 3. Historians who discuss the end of the Cold War tend to focus on three main themes: • Events inside the Soviet Union • Events outside the Soviet Union • Key people
  4. 4. Many people argue that events within the Soviet Union were ultimately what caused it to collapse. This includes issues relating to politics, people and money.
  5. 5. The 1980s saw huge political change in the Soviet Union. New leader Mikhail Gorbachev’s decision to introduce reforms began to undermine the way that the USSR had previously been run.
  6. 6. These changes included a greater openness and also a decision not to use military force on other Soviet countries. All of this inspired people in the USSR to seek greater control. They were also tired of living poor lives.
  7. 7. Money may have played an important role too. The USSR had committed too many resources to the military and other countries such as Afghanistan. Essentially they could not afford to continue.
  8. 8. Many people credit issues outside the Soviet Union, including the USA’s actions. Also, the revolutions led by people in the Eastern Bloc had a big influence too.
  9. 9. During the 1980s, the USA built a range of new weapons, which the USSR could not afford to match. US President Ronald Reagan also made it clear that he aimed to end the ‘evil empire’.
  10. 10. There is also a belief that people within the USSR grew tired of the lives they led. As more and more people protested and demanded change, it became hard to stop this. Some people say TV did it!
  11. 11. Public figures such as politicians were certainly important during the Cold War? However did they help end it?
  12. 12. One of the most obvious people to link with the end was Mikhail Gorbachev. As USSR leader he introduced many reforms which significantly changed it.
  13. 13. A greater openness, more democracy, changing the economy; all of these massively changed the Soviet Union. Others however argue that he did not choose to do these but was forced by events elsewhere.
  14. 14. US President Ronald Reagan is sometimes given credit too. Reagan was very antiCommunist. He gave support to Afghanistan and had an influence in Poland too. These issues hurt the USSR.
  15. 15. However many argue that Reagan might have actually delayed the Cold War’s end. By being so aggressive he forced the USSR to carry on. He also supported many undemocratic regimes.
  16. 16. UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was a big supporter and friend of Ronald Reagan. She had good relations with Gorbachev. Thatcher also helped by allowing the USA to base nuclear missiles in the UK.
  17. 17. However Thatcher’s influence is largely limited. Her main power came from her friendship with Ronald Reagan, suggesting he has a major role.
  18. 18. Another key person might have been Pope John Paul II. John Paul II, from Poland, gave many speeches which hugely influenced mostly Catholic Poland. He was very helpful to Solidarity.
  19. 19. The Pope’s role in Poland was very important in changing the country. This had a knock-on effect elsewhere. However his influence is limited in other countries, reducing his overall role.

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