Atlantic Slave Trade - anti abolitionists

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Atlantic Slave Trade - anti abolitionists

  1. 1. LEARNING INTENTIONS • Describe arguments given in favour of the slave trade continuing • Describe ways that anti-abolitionists campaigned for slavery
  2. 2. Although some people in Britain opposed slavery, many other people wanted to see it continue. They believe it benefitted the country and so should not be abolished.
  3. 3. Many people in Britain supported the slave trade. This included merchants and politicians in cities which relied on money raised. It also included the King, British government and the Church of England.
  4. 4. Just like the abolition movement, those in favour of slavery had their own arguments. These arguments centred around money and also the power anti-abolitionists felt that slavery gave Britain.
  5. 5. Economic arguments Pro-slavery campaigners said that slavery had helped make a lot of tax money for Britain. Abolishing it would lose this. Rich individuals such as Thomas Leyland also opposed ending the trade.
  6. 6. Anti-abolitionist also argued that without slavery the sugar trade would collapse, meaning no sugar. They pointed that thousands of Britons had jobs which depended on slavery and they would be unemployed without it.
  7. 7. Military arguments Britain had a strong military because of the experience that sailors gained on slave ships, and also the expertise it gave in shipbuilding. Britain also needed slave money to fund the wars with France (from 1792).
  8. 8. Moral arguments Anti-abolitionists argued that Africans were inferior (not human), meaning slavery was justified in God’s eyes. They also claimed that slaves were happier living as Christians and were well treated.
  9. 9. Religious arguments The Church of England owned plantations in the Caribbean and so opposed the trade’s abolition. Some religious people argued that the Bible in fact allowed slavery to exist.
  10. 10. Those in favour of slavery campaigned in similar ways to the abolition movement. They set up campaign groups to oppose the end of slavery. Anti-abolitionists also sent petitions to parliament and gained support from MPs (sometimes through bribes).
  11. 11. Groups were set up in Africa and the Caribbean to argue for the continuation of slavery. They sent letters to newspapers and also suggested that British workers would be poorer and the country less safe without slavery. Pamphlets and leaflets were published using the same arguments.

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