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Southeast Asia


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Southeast Asia

  1. 1. Geography <ul><li>South East Asia has two distinct sub regions, Asian mainland, and a great number of islands.South East Asia has two peninsulas, Indochinese located south of China, and Malay which is a long narrow strip of land about 700 miles long, stretching south from the mainland and curving south east. The larges country in South East Asia is Myanmar. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Geography <ul><li>The climate in south East Asia differs from other parts of Asia. Monsoons bring wet and dry seasons, monsoons are winds that change the precipitation in those areas. Tropical climates are found in their coastal parts of Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, and Oceania. The annual temperature is 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Vegetation in Vietnam can grow over 8ft high. Since South East Asia is close to the Equator, tropical evergreen forest are common places foe hot, wet, dry climate. Australia climate consist of blazing summers, mild winters, and heavy rainfall through out the year. </li></ul>
  3. 3. History <ul><li>In 1944 Palau came independent </li></ul><ul><li>China ruled northern Vietnam from 111 B.C to A.D 939 </li></ul><ul><li>Early Southeast Asian didn’t have set borders. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese technology, political ideas and ethical beliefs shaped Vietnam’s culture. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Southeast Asia <ul><li>They were Mandela's, states that organized as rings of power, around a central court. </li></ul><ul><li>The Khmer Empire was a powerful Mandela that lasted roughly from 9 th -15 th centuries in what now is Cambodia. </li></ul>
  5. 5. BUDDHISM Buddhism currently has about 365 million followers and is generally listed as the world's fourth largest religion after Christianity, Islam and Hinduism. It was founded in Northern India by Siddhartha Gotama. The word comes from 'budhi', meaning 'to awaken'. Siddhartha Gotama was not, nor did he claim to be a God. He was a man who taught a path to enlightenment from his own experience. Buddhists sometimes pay respect to images of the Buddha, not in worship, nor to ask for favors. A statue of the Buddha with hands rested gently in its lap and a compassionate smile reminds us to strive to develop peace and love within ourselves. Bowing to the statue is an expression of gratitude for the teaching . The Buddha taught many things, but the basic concepts in Buddhism can be summed up by the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path.
  6. 6. CHRISTIANITY & ISLAM Christianity was founded in the early 1st century AD, with the teaching, miracles, crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth. Today it is the largest religion in the world, with around 2 billion followers. Especially dominant in the western world, today's Christianity has a wide variety of forms, beliefs and practices but all center around faith in Jesus Christ. Islam is the second largest religion and until today it keeps growing. Estimates of the total number of Muslims range from 0.7 to 1.2 billion worldwide and 1.1 to 7 million in the U.S. They believe that there is no God, but that Muhammad is the messenger. The theology of the Islamic scriptures informs most aspects of Muslim life and culture. The Five Pillars of Islam is expressed in the Koran, which is a practical doctrine that encourages Muslims to pray 5 times a day, fast during Ramadan, travel to Mecca, declare 'There is no god but God, and Muhammad is his prophet' and pay money to the poor
  7. 7. People of Southeast Asia <ul><li>The population Is not evenly distributed because of the high density in the lowland areas.most of the people reside in small farming villages. </li></ul><ul><li>The 5 largest cities are: Jakarta,bangk ok, Thailand, Singapore,Manila, Philippines, and ho chi minh city,Vietnam. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>There is a huge difference in culture, history,religion, and ethnic composition. Many diverse languages such as those of the Tibeto-Burman, mon-Khmer, and malayo-Polynesian families. </li></ul><ul><li>religions include Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam,roman catholism, and Confucianism animism is still practiced through lonely people of the religion. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Government
  10. 10. Democracies <ul><li>The classical liberal of characteristics of democracy require a multiplicity of parties representing and competing policy agendas and clear alternatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations on government authority and guaranteed rights of free expression and association. </li></ul><ul><li>There are a number of countries who are in the western asia and don’t get enough freedom but some say that they shouldn’t get any because there not worth it. </li></ul><ul><li>People have argued that there shouldn’t be any rights at all for anyone.If there is then it has to be equal. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Southeast Asia Gov. Spain ruled Philippines from its conquest of Cuba in1565.Spanish war defeated in1978. In 1605, Dutch fell into 2 perids.V.O.C collapsed in1605.
  12. 12. Southeast Asia Gov. <ul><li>At the end of the Second World War, the Dutch had hoped to retain the Netherlands East Indies as a colony, but the Indonesians opposed the return of the Dutch, setting up a republic in 1945.  In 1949, after four years of fighting, the Indonesians gained their independence with the assistance of the United Nations which served as a mediator between the Indonesians and the Dutch. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Today’s Issues The main issues in Southeast Asia are finding jobs, population growth, and also pollution.
  14. 14. Finding Jobs Finding is a big issue in southeast Asia. The People prefer to have a job with long hours, low pay and abusive managers than not have a job. People move to cities to find jobs. The factor that push people out of their home lands are lost resources like water overuse. They also leave because they don’t have enough land to make a living by farming. When the population grows people have to divide among heirs, therefore the plots become to small to support a family. There are also pull factors that pull people to cities.Theses things are Like finding factory jobs to get money for their families. They also go to cities to get an education.
  15. 15. Population <ul><li>The population is growing in Southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>The ability of housing hasn’t kept pace with the </li></ul><ul><li>growing population.The more population there is the more </li></ul><ul><li>that population generates which causes the traffic to increase. </li></ul><ul><li>If traffic increases then pollution is caused. </li></ul><ul><li>There are a lot of people in Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>and the cities don’t have faculties to treat their sewage. </li></ul><ul><li>When there is untreated sewage it contaminated the water. </li></ul><ul><li>There are also income gaps which make crime rates </li></ul><ul><li>rise in societies in which few people have wealth and a large amount live in poverty. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Economy <ul><li>A wide range of commodities originated in the region, but especially important were such spices as pepper, ginger, cloves, and nutmeg . </li></ul>
  17. 17. Economy <ul><li>Southeast Asia is still heavily depending on agriculture, manufacturing, and services, but Vietnam is making steady progress is making its industrial sectors. Newly industrialized countries: Philippines, Malaysia, and Thailand. With Singapore and Brunei are affluent developed economies. The region notably manufactures textiles, electronic high-tech goods such as microprocessors and heavy industrial products such as automobiles. Reserves of oil are also present in the region </li></ul>