Getting To Walkability


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Harriet Tregoning, Director of the Office of Planning for Washington D.C., shows how Washington D.C. uses Walk Score as an urban planning metric.

Published in: Real Estate

Getting To Walkability

  1. 1. Getting to Walkability- Using Walk Score as Planning Metric and Goal February 4, 2010 Harriet Tregoning District of Columbia Office of Planning
  2. 2. Attributes of a Globally Competitive City/Region 2
  3. 3. Attributes of a Globally Competitive City/Region 3
  4. 4. DC, an emerging transportation and livability leader- “Alternative” transportation no longer •Walk/bike/transit/carpool commuting share > 50% •SmartBikes bike sharing going from 100 -1000 bikes this year •2nd in rail ridership – 1 million daily riders •1st in number of walkable places per capita (12% of residents walk to work)
  5. 5. Percent 3G Census 4A 4B Households 3E 3F 4D with No Cars 4C 5A 3C 1D 1A (By Census 3D 3B 1C 1B 5C Block Group) 2D 5B 2E 2B 2C 2F 7D 6C 7C 6A 2A 6B 7A 7E 6D 7B 8A 8B 8C 8E Legend ANCs Pct No Car - Census Pct No Car - Census 0-20 8D 20-30 30-40 40-60 Source data from DMV Destiny system, extract as of June 30, 2005. Only active registration records and driver licenses included. 60-85 Commercial vehicles excluded.
  6. 6. Promoting Healthy Built Environments in DC: Walkable Urbanity
  7. 7. Walkable Urbanity Many parts of the District are designed to encourage walking and active lifestyles: •Compact development •Interesting streetscape & public realm •Notable historic character •Great destinations including shopping districts, parks and recreation centers •Safe pathways
  8. 8. How could we walk more? • Half the trips we make are less than three miles; • 40 percent are less than two miles; • 28 percent are less than one mile ; and • 13.7% are less than a half mile. • Yet 75 percent of trips of less than one mile are made by car. Sources: National Household Travel Survey, 1995. 2001-2002, US FHA; National Walking and Bicycling Study, Environmental Building News, Aug 2007, Driving to Green Buildings: The Transportation Energy Intensity of Buildings 8
  9. 9. Using Walkscore in Planning
  10. 10. Walkscore & Affordability Monthly transportation costs in $ terms can be as much as 300% greater between a location efficient neighborhood and an auto dependent neighborhood Walk Score out of 100: 2000 14th St NW, Washington, DC = 94 3400 Mt Burnside, Dale City, VA = 45 Source:
  11. 11. Walkscore & Retail Attraction • Capturing the revenue potential of “walkers” by changing the metric larger regional and national retailers use evaluate potential sites • In Washington, DC almost 20% of daily trips are taken by transit, and nearly 30% of trips are on foot, bike, or school bus • Relying on automobile traffic volumes to evaluate a potential site in an urban area may underestimate demand and potential revenue. 11
  12. 12. Walkscore & Regional Planning Regional Activity Centers •Urban Core •Mixed Use Centers •Employment Centers •Suburban Employment Centers •Emerging Employment Centers 12
  13. 13. Walkscore & Regional Planning: Tyson’s Corner (Walkscore = 80) Current Proposed 13
  14. 14. Walkscore & Neighborhood Planning – Bellevue Revitalization Plan • 0% of residents live within a 15 min walk of a Metro station • 0% of residents live within a 15 min walk of a full service grocery store • 0% of residents live within a 15 min walk of a Smart Bike station • 88% of residents live within a 15 min walk of a Car Sharing location • 3.7% of residents walk to work • 99% of residents within 15 min walk of a park 14
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  16. 16. Towards a “Walkers Paradise” – Bellevue Plan Recommendations • Develop three underutilized nodes with a mix of uses • Increase density to support neighborhood serving retail • Attract grocery tenant • Recruit stores to participate as members of the Healthy Corner Store Program • Encourage local businesses to participate in a cooperative buying agreement with the Ward 8 Farmers market for distribution of fresh, healthy food options • Improve walking paths and recreation offerings
  17. 17. Other Uses of Walkscore •Underwriting criteria •Tracking plan implementation progress •Shorthand for regional progress •Employer recruiting tool 17
  18. 18. For more information Harriet Tregoning Director District of Columbia Office of Planning 2000 14th Street NW Suite 4000 Washington DC 20009 202-442-7600