Immigration & The American Identity
Welcoming new immigrants <ul><li>Land of Freedom - politics </li></ul><ul><li>Melting Pot - culture </li></ul><ul><li>Upwa...
Who are they? <ul><li>24 mil. From 1860-1920 </li></ul><ul><li>Old Immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>pre -1880 85% from N & W E...
Continued... <ul><li>More New Immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>1 million from Asia & 1 million from L. America (mostly after 1...
PUSH FACTORS <ul><li>Economic motivations </li></ul><ul><li>Global Expansion of capitalism </li></ul><ul><li>Downturn of a...
<ul><li>Pogroms - 1.4 million in NYC’s Lower East Side by 1910-1911 </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican Revolution 1910-1911 </li></...
Family Decision <ul><li>Male migratory wage earners </li></ul><ul><li>50% returned to Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Chain migra...
Pull Factors <ul><li>American Business Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Labor recruiters </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Revolution ...
Labor Stratification <ul><li>Economic benefits for employers = make more $ </li></ul><ul><li>Labor Unions created </li></u...
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 <ul><li>1st group to be excluded based on nationality and class </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese la...
Social Classes & Discrimination <ul><li>Discrimination by upper and middle classes </li></ul><ul><li>Social Darwinism - “S...
1924 Immigration Act <ul><li>Nationality Quota System  </li></ul><ul><li>in place until 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>2% of 1890 ...
Assimilation <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>popular culture </li></ul><ul><li>upward economic mobility </li></ul>
Photos
 
 
 
 
Photo Credits <ul><li>http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/ellis-island/ellis-island-north.jpghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/w...
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Immigration 10 6

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Immigration 10 6

  1. 1. Immigration & The American Identity
  2. 2. Welcoming new immigrants <ul><li>Land of Freedom - politics </li></ul><ul><li>Melting Pot - culture </li></ul><ul><li>Upward Mobility - economics </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration & Industrialization - required each other </li></ul>
  3. 3. Who are they? <ul><li>24 mil. From 1860-1920 </li></ul><ul><li>Old Immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>pre -1880 85% from N & W Europe </li></ul><ul><li>New Immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>post- 1880 80% from E & S Europe </li></ul>
  4. 4. Continued... <ul><li>More New Immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>1 million from Asia & 1 million from L. America (mostly after 1910) </li></ul>
  5. 5. PUSH FACTORS <ul><li>Economic motivations </li></ul><ul><li>Global Expansion of capitalism </li></ul><ul><li>Downturn of agricultural economy </li></ul><ul><li>Political Upheaval </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Pogroms - 1.4 million in NYC’s Lower East Side by 1910-1911 </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican Revolution 1910-1911 </li></ul><ul><li>1900-1930 to 1.1 Million in SW </li></ul>
  7. 7. Family Decision <ul><li>Male migratory wage earners </li></ul><ul><li>50% returned to Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Chain migration </li></ul><ul><li>Family reunification </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pull Factors <ul><li>American Business Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Labor recruiters </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Revolution = demand for labor </li></ul>
  9. 9. Labor Stratification <ul><li>Economic benefits for employers = make more $ </li></ul><ul><li>Labor Unions created </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Immigration </li></ul><ul><li>KOL </li></ul><ul><li>AFL </li></ul><ul><li>jobs for “Americans” </li></ul>
  10. 10. Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 <ul><li>1st group to be excluded based on nationality and class </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese laborers targeted for immigration exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>all Chinese immigrants denied right to become naturalized citizens </li></ul>
  11. 11. Social Classes & Discrimination <ul><li>Discrimination by upper and middle classes </li></ul><ul><li>Social Darwinism - “Scientific” basis for justifying racial hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Eugenics </li></ul>
  12. 12. 1924 Immigration Act <ul><li>Nationality Quota System </li></ul><ul><li>in place until 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>2% of 1890 census </li></ul><ul><li>164,000 total/year </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted towards reducing S & E European immigration </li></ul>
  13. 13. Assimilation <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>popular culture </li></ul><ul><li>upward economic mobility </li></ul>
  14. 14. Photos
  15. 19. Photo Credits <ul><li>http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/ellis-island/ellis-island-north.jpghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ed/Ellis_Island_arrivals.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sbschools.org/schools/bc/mediacenter/immigration/images/ellis_island.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.fortunecity.com/littleitaly/amalfi/100/ellis8.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://msnvideouk.vo.llnwd.net/d1/aetn/400x300_EllisIsland_EllisIsland.jpg </li></ul>

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