The Design Process

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How the design process effects decision making.

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The Design Process

  1. 1. The Design Process What’s the DEAL?
  2. 2. What is Design?• Design is a creative planning process.• There is no perfect design.• Requirements of a design are made up of criteria and constraints.2 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  3. 3. What is the Design Process?• The design process is a purposeful method of planning practical solutions to problems.• The design process is never final; there are always multiple solutions to a problem.• The design process is influenced by requirements called criteria and constraints.3 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  4. 4. Criteria• What a design must includeConstraints• Limitations placed on a design4 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  5. 5. What’s the DEAL?There are many different ways to describe thedesign process.The important thing to remember is that it is aprocess. There is rarely a correct way to dothings and the first idea is never the best.Using a process allows us to use a procedure tosolve problems and communicate ideas toothers.5 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  6. 6. What’s the DEAL?PLTW uses the following design process: 9 Communicate Results 1 Define the Problem 8 Improve Design 2 Brainstorm Design Process 3 Research 7 Test and Evaluate 6 Model or Prototype 4 Develop Ideas 5 Choose Best Idea6 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  7. 7. What’s the DEAL?Here we will use a simpler method…7 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  8. 8. What’s the DEAL? efine the Problem• What is the reason you are designing something?• What is the end goal of the design?• What issues have come up in the process?8 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  9. 9. What’s the DEAL? xplore Solutions• Brainstorm• Research• Develop Ideas ALL IDEAS ARE CONSIDERED – NONE ARE CRITICIZED!9 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  10. 10. What’s the DEAL? ct on the Best Solution• Decide on the idea that best meets the criteria, fits within the constraints and has the least number of negative characteristics.• There is never a perfect solution10 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  11. 11. What’s the DEAL? ook Back and Evaluate• Build a model• Test and evaluate your idea• Improve your design11 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  12. 12. What’s the DEAL? When you improve your design, you start at the beginning of the DEAL process with a new problem. Only under extreme circumstances will you start over completely. Modify and improve your design before scraping the idea completely. Communication occurs throughout the process. You will constantly communicate with your team to come up with the best possible design.12 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  13. 13. Seven Resources of Technology P.I.M.T.E.C.T. People Information Materials Time Energy Capital Tools and Machines13 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  14. 14. Seven Resources of Technology 1. People People are the most important resource. Without them, no products would exist. People’s needs and wants inspire other people to create products to fill those needs and wants. People create the designs, people produce the products, and people sell the products.14 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  15. 15. Seven Resources of Technology 2. Information • Information about similar products that are already being sold. • Information from potential customers about what they would like to buy. • Laws and regulations. • News about new materials and processes. • Drawings that tell how to make the product. • Work schedules. • Information given to the computers that control factory machines.15 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  16. 16. Seven Resources of Technology 3. Materials • Materials are all the things used to make up a product. • All materials come either directly or indirectly from nature. • They are classified as either natural materials or synthetic materials.16 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  17. 17. Seven Resources of Technology 4. Time • Everything takes time. • Time influences how many products can be made and how many workers are needed to make them. • Time = Money17 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  18. 18. Seven Resources of Technology 5. Energy • Technology systems use energy to change materials into products and to deliver those products to stores and customers. • Energy powers computers and other machines and brings light, heat and air conditioning to factory buildings.18 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  19. 19. Seven Resources of Technology 6. Capital • Capital includes the money, land, and equipment needed to produce the product. • Money is used to build factories, pay workers, and buy materials.19 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  20. 20. Seven Resources of Technology 7. Tools and Machines • Tools and machines are used to help change materials into a finished product. • They may include hand tools, portable power tools, and large machines and heavy equipment. The materials may change in shape, size, and internal structure. • They may also be combined with other materials.20 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  21. 21. Fantastic Contraption http://www.kongregate.com/games/inXile_Ent/fan tastic-contraption A game that uses the design process to solve a problem. Use DEAL while we try to overcome the obstacles in the game. Let’s go over the criteria and constraints in the game21 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  22. 22. Fantastic Contraption The Parts: Clockwise Wheel Counter-Clockwise Wheel Un-Powered Wheel Water Rod Solid Wood Rod22 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  23. 23. Fantastic Contraption The goal is to get the pink ball into the pink square You can only build within the blue square23 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process
  24. 24. Fantastic Contraption Let’s Play!!!24 Dan Kelly - Magic of Electrons - PLTW - Design Process

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