NAZI BENEFITS? To what extent
did the German
from Nazi rule?
Economic recovery mines, steel and textile mills.
Engineers and designers gained new
and rearmament opportunities, particularly when Hitler
Hitler and the Nazis came to power decreed that Germany would have a
because they promised to solve the world-class air force (the Luftwaffe).
country’s unemployment problems
and loss of pride due to the Treaty of As well as bringing economic
Versailles. recovery, these measures boosted
Hitler was fortunate in that by 1933 Hitler’s popularity because they
the worst of the Depression was over. boosted national pride. Germans
Even so, there is no doubt that the began to feel that their country was
Nazis acted with energy and finally emerging from the humiliation of
commitment to solve some of the the Great War and the Treaty of
main problems. The Nazis were Versailles, and putting itself on an Cheap family trips to
successful at organising Germany’s equal footing with the other great places like Norway were
finances to fund a huge programme of powers. arranged under the
‘Strength through Joy ‘
work creation. The National Labour
‘Strength through Joy’ - Hitler even idea.
Service sent men on public works
projects and conservation arranged for many German families to
programmes, in particular to build a go on cheap holidays. He wanted to
network of motorways or autobahns. be seen as rewarding those who
Railways were extended or built from worked hard.
Other measures brought increasing
prosperity. One of Hitler’s most
cherished plans was rearmament. In
1935 he reintroduced conscription Hitler’s
for the German army. aim was to
Conscription reduced unemployment. make Germany
The need for weapons, equipment self-sufﬁcient
and uniforms created jobs in the coal
Public work schemes similar
to those created by FDR
built motor-ways called
Hitler helped to organise
the ‘people’s car’, an
affordable vehicle for the
Rearmament meant that many industries within the German workers
economy dramatically benefited by employing millions of
FREEDOM & FEAR
that some German
people enjoyed it
should be made
clear that they
lost many freedoms
and lived in fear.
As we already know, Hitler and the Nazi Party and being thrown into concentration camps.
seemed to bring prosperity and pride back to the People lived in fear. Teachers who did not support
German people. However, it should be the Nazis were sacked and replaced by those
made clear that the German people who were more willing to teach German
lost all of the freedoms that we enjoy children lies about Jewish people and
today. Workers were not allowed to heroic stories about Hitler. Black,
join trade unions, and wages To what extent did the disabled and homosexual Germans
actually went down during this German people beneﬁt were persecuted by the SA in the form
period. The Nazis censored the from Nazi rule? of beatings, murders and arrests.
press and controlled information, Jewish people were spat at, beaten,
the Nazi police did the bidding of arrested and then murdered by a
the party, the courts and judges Government that created the myth that the
followed the Nazi line and the prisons were Jews were secretly trying to destroy Germany.
full of people who disagreed with Hitler. Radio Yes, unemployment went down under the Nazis
broadcasts in German town centres spread lies. but at what price?
Reports to the SS and the Gestapo led to arrests
SMACK the EXAMINER in the face!
Give yourself a head start and recognise the questions that have appeared in previous exams based on the
topic that you have been learning about. We will practice them in class, you should also do this at home
during revision. Your parents could help you.
Paper 2: Nazi Germany 1933-1939 To what extent did
A selection from the 2004, 2005, 2006 exam papers
the German people
*Remember: the exam paper does not look like this! beneﬁt under Nazi
a) To what extent did German people beneﬁt from Nazi rule in the years 1933 to
1939? (15 marks)
Level 1 Simple description (1-3 marks)
* Created jobs, cuts unemployment.
* People happy with work and law and order.
Level 2 Answers refer to one of following but lacks details. (4-8 marks)
* Simple outline of how Hitler provided work but at a cost to personal freedom..
* Provides jobs,armed forces, autobahns, restored national pride, improvement in living conditions but with loss
of individual freedom.
* Deals with groups who did not beneﬁt .eg Jews
Level 3 Gives details on at least 2 of the following; (9-12 marks)
* Work - Created millions of jobs, public works building autobahns,hospitals and schools, young men drafted
into the army, Strength through Joy provided activities like ﬁlm shows, excursions and Cheap holidays, planned
the ‘people’s car’ to be affordable to workers. BUT workers could not join Trade Unions, could not leave jobs,
worked longer hours, people did not get the car.
* Economy to be self sufﬁcient (Autarky) - Cut dependence on imports, encouraged growth of German
economy, made artiﬁcial replacements for rubber and oil; 1936 Four Year Plan to gear economy for war. Helped
cut unemployment, compulsory labour service, compulsory military service after 1935)
* Hitler carried out many promises, created jobs, Germany strong again. Victims of Nazi rule, Jews and
communists, black people, the disabled and homosexuals all suffered at hands of Nazis. People subjected to
propaganda, attempts to control role of women, control of education, secret police, resistance was difﬁcult.
Level 4 Answer shows understanding of what is meant by beneﬁts and gives a balanced answer looking at
economic gains and personal loss of freedom. (12-15 marks)