How did the USA and USSR become Rivals in the period 1945 to 1949? <ul><li>Why are the meetings at Yalta and Potsdam so important in understanding the beginnings of the Cold War? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the USA try and prevent the spread of Communism? </li></ul><ul><li>The Berlin Blockade: the Cold War begins the hot up </li></ul>
The Berlin Blockade: the Cold War begins the hot up How did the USA and USSR become Rivals in the period 1945 to 1949?
As agreed at Yalta Germany was divided into 4 different Zones:
Truman Attlee We want Germany to recover from war as it is so important fro trade in Europe. Without a strong Germany, the rest of the countries in Europe will suffer. Stalin I want a weak Germany because I see them as a threat to myself and my country. They cause nothing but problems and a strong Germany cannot be tolerated!
Truman Attlee We’re going to (along with France) join our zones together and create a new and stronger currency to help Germany recover. We need a stronger Germany. Stalin I’m going to take what I can from East Germany’s Industry because I want massive compensation for the 20 million Russians that died. Germany must remain weak.
IMAGINARY MEMO From: STALIN To: MINISTERS IN EAST GERMANY Subject: BERLINE BLOCKADE Dear Comrade , I can no longer tolerate the Allied attempts to strengthen West Germany and the Western part of Berlin. Therefore, I want you to close all roads, canals and railways between the West and West Berlin by 24 th June 1948. I want them to give up Berlin or I will starve the people. They only have enough food for 6 weeks. Make sure the job gets done! Stalin.
IMAGINARY MEMO From: TRUMAN To: ATTLEE Subject: BERLINE BLOCKADE Dear Attlee, I cannot believe that Stalin is behaving in this way. We have a major problem. We should not invade or use force in Eastern Germany as this would be like attacking the USSR itself. This would start yet another massive war. However, I am determined that we are not going to give up West Berlin. We’re simply going to have to fly supplies in to the people to stop them from starving. Truman.
<ul><li>The Berlin Airlift lasted for 11 months </li></ul><ul><li>Resources such as coal as well as food was flown to East Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>USA and GB used flight paths that existed within the agreement made at Yalta. </li></ul><ul><li>275,000 flights </li></ul><ul><li>Planes were tracked in case they strayed out of the agreed flight paths, but dared not shoot them down in case of war. </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin gave up in May 1949 as he realised that the West were so determined to keep Berlin. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Berlin Blockade: the Cold War begins the hot up (RESULTS) </li></ul>Cold War got worse as relations between East and West were at their worse point. Germany was split into two separate countries. The West became the Federal Republic of Germany and the East became the German Democratic Republic of Germany. Two military alliances (NATO and the Warsaw Pact) created an Arms Race that would try and out gun one another. (Why is the Berlin Blockade important for understanding the Cold War?)