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  1. 1. Performance and Storytelling in Traditional Puppet Theatre Documentation by Jithesh.R Guided by Prof. Shilpa Ranade
  2. 2. Some traditional puppetry theatre forms of Kerala Pavakathakali – Glove Puppetry Tolpava Koothu – Shadow Puppetry Noolpava Koothu – String Puppetry
  3. 3. Pavakathakali – Glove Puppetry Pavakathakali is believed to have taken form in the eighteenth century. Kathakali seemed to have influenced the puppet theatre which was already prevalent in regions like Palghat District.
  4. 4. Puppet evolution Puppet theatre was prevalent long before Kathakali took form in Kerala. It is believed that before Pavakathakali took form, puppets were even sculpted resembling Buddha.
  5. 5. Puppets The puppets are one feet to two feet tall. Head and arms carved out of wood and joined together with thick cloth cut and stitched into a small bag.
  6. 6. About Pavakathakali… Pavakathakali was a smaller version targeted at kids to inculcate a passion for Kathakali, the duration of these plays were just 1hr to 2 hrs unlike Kathakali which used to go on for the entire night.
  7. 7. About Pavakathakali Pavakathakali does not have any specially built stage for hosting it. The musical instruments are the same as Kathakali Chenda, Chilanka, Ilathalam, Shankh
  8. 8. About Pavakathakali Artists A Pavakathakali artist are called Andi Pandaram, their mother tongue is telugu which suggest their ancestors are from Andra Pradesh, h P d h who settled in Palghat centuries ago. ttl d i P l h t ti The artists are great devotees of Lord Subramanian
  9. 9. International Exposure ... Replicas of the puppets at the Tropenmuseum (Anthropological museum of the Royal Tropical Institute) in Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  10. 10. Recent revival efforts The art form has also attained much international and national acclaim under the revival efforts of Shri. G.Venu (Natana Kairali).
  11. 11. Recent revival efforts R.C Ramakrishnan, R.V. Ramakrishnan, G.Ravi and K.C Thankappan are the puppeteers who were helpful in conducting the Puppet show.
  12. 12. Major Stories Narrated through Pavakathakali Kalyana Saugandhikam Uttara Svayamvaram Duryodhana Vadham Dakshayagam
  13. 13. About the show … The show which was documented was Duryodhana Vadham
  14. 14. The story… The story is about the defeat of Duryodhana and Dussasana by the hands of Bhima.
  15. 15. Characters in the play
  16. 16. Dussasana
  17. 17. Duryodhana
  18. 18. Panchali
  19. 19. Krishna
  20. 20. Krishna in divine form
  21. 21. Raudra Bhima
  22. 22. Spirits
  23. 23. Outline of the play…
  24. 24. The show starts with a prayer to Lord Murugan
  25. 25. Dussasana is introduced with his point of view…
  26. 26. About the victory in the game of dice…
  27. 27. Duryodhana and Dussasana discuss about the exile of the Pandavas
  28. 28. Dussasana asks Duryodhana to drag Panchali to the courtroom
  29. 29. Duryodhana starts to shame Panchali by trying to strip her naked
  30. 30. After the exile time Krishna meets Panchali…
  31. 31. Krishna meets Dussasana and Duryodhana to discuss about the wants of the Pandavas
  32. 32. Krishna is treated badly by Duryodhana and Dussasana
  33. 33. Duel between Bhima and Duryodhana
  34. 34. Bhima attains special powers after praying to Lord Krishna
  35. 35. Duryodhana is killed and his organs are pulled out
  36. 36. Panchali’s loose hair is tied with the blood drenched hands by Bhima
  37. 37. The Play
  38. 38. …Thank you