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Church History
Chapter 3
First Century Cynicism
• Paul recognized that in a world full
of _________, people had little of
substance to believe in.
...
Jesus Gave
• Jesus gave the one a ___________
face, because unlike the Greek and
Roman gods, Jesus had lived in
the_______...
Flourishing of Christian
Communities
• The Christian communities
flourished in the _____________
especially due to _______...
Paul’s Second Missionary Journey
• _________ went with him
–Leading member of the Church of
____________
• Timothy too
–Gr...
Philippi
• Paul established the first ____________
Christian Community in Philippi
• In what present day country is Philip...
Thessalonica
• The people were so hostile that Paul
and Silas had to be _______________
out at night.
• Paul’s letter to t...
Athens
• Called the birthplace of
____________ .
• Paul failed to start a community in
Athens
• The Athenian people were t...
Corinth
• Only about a _____________ walk
from Athens
• Corinth was a seaport town where
Paul converted a good number of
_...
3rd Missionary Journey
• Paul was in his ___________ when he
started his third missionary journey.
• __________ years took...
Ephesus
• Paul had some ___________ here
• The ___________________________
drive Paul away because his
teaching threatened...
Early Christian Communities
• In early Christian communities,
Eucharistic worship often took place
in a member’s__________...
Roman Citizenship
• Advantages
– Paul was saved from ____________from
Roman soldiers because of his Roman
citizenship, bec...
Nero the Emperor
• In _______ C.E. Emperor Nero
______________ the Christians.
• He blamed a fire (that he ordered
started...
Peter and Paul’s Death
• We are not ______________ about
how they died for sure
• According to legend
– Peter was ________...
Christian Testament
• Also called the New Testament
• The books that make up the Christian
Testament were written in
_____...
Christian Testament
Definitions
• “_________” means rule or standard
• “_________” means letter
• “_________” means assemb...
Paul’s Letters and their
Meaning
• When the Christian communities received
Paul’s letters, his words were read during
comm...
Paul’s Letters (Continued)
• There are ______ epistles attributed
to Paul
• Some were written using his
_______, but he di...
Gospels Written
• The Gospels were written down because
only a few of the people who had known
Jesus personally were still...
Mark
• The Gospel of Mark was the
________ Gospel written. ( _____CE)
• Mark was the source for
_________________
• Writte...
Luke and Acts
• The Gospel of Luke was addressed to
________________.
• Theme: _________________
• The Acts of the Apostle...
Matthew
• The Gospel of Matthew was written
for a _____________________
community in Antioch in _______CE
• Jesus, as Mess...
Revelation
• The book of Revelation is a
___________ picture of the suffering
and final triumph of the church.
• It is wri...
2 Essential Features of
Christianity
• By the end of the first century the
movement known as Christianity had
two essentia...
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Theology 3: Chapter 3

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Chapter 3 about Paul 's Journeys and the Gospels.

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Theology 3: Chapter 3

  1. 1. Church History Chapter 3
  2. 2. First Century Cynicism • Paul recognized that in a world full of _________, people had little of substance to believe in. • Paul believed that they desperately needed what he had to offer them— the _______________________, who loved them and wanted them to love one another. cynicism Good News of the One God
  3. 3. Jesus Gave • Jesus gave the one a ___________ face, because unlike the Greek and Roman gods, Jesus had lived in the_____________ , not simply in people’s imaginations. • Paul used this fact to convert many to _______________ because Jesus lived in the real world human real world Christianity
  4. 4. Flourishing of Christian Communities • The Christian communities flourished in the _____________ especially due to ________ • They did it even before there was a ___________________ . first century Paul Christian Testament
  5. 5. Paul’s Second Missionary Journey • _________ went with him –Leading member of the Church of ____________ • Timothy too –Greek and _____________ parents • Joined at some time by ___________ Silas Jerusalem Jewish Luke
  6. 6. Philippi • Paul established the first ____________ Christian Community in Philippi • In what present day country is Philippi located? _____________ • __________ , a woman who was known for her hospitality, lived in Philippi • The people in this town preferred making money off a _______________ to heeding Paul’s message European Greece Lydia fortune-teller
  7. 7. Thessalonica • The people were so hostile that Paul and Silas had to be _______________ out at night. • Paul’s letter to the people here was his _____________ • Paul’s letter talked to them about confusion about the fate of those who die before the new kingdom comes smuggled first Epistle
  8. 8. Athens • Called the birthplace of ____________ . • Paul failed to start a community in Athens • The Athenian people were too cynical and laughed at him democracy
  9. 9. Corinth • Only about a _____________ walk from Athens • Corinth was a seaport town where Paul converted a good number of _______________ . • Paul stayed with _________________ here in Corinth • He also returned to ______________ for awhile 15 hour poorer Gentiles Priscilla and Aquila tent making
  10. 10. 3rd Missionary Journey • Paul was in his ___________ when he started his third missionary journey. • __________ years took place between his first and third missions • Paul re-visited a lot of the places that he went to on his 2nd journey fifties Eight
  11. 11. Ephesus • Paul had some ___________ here • The ___________________________ drive Paul away because his teaching threatened their business problems silversmiths and magicians
  12. 12. Early Christian Communities • In early Christian communities, Eucharistic worship often took place in a member’s_____________ . • Those who wanted to be Christian but were not yet initiated into the faith were called “_______________” • The meal that sometimes followed the worship service was called the “____________’ home Catechumens Agape
  13. 13. Roman Citizenship • Advantages – Paul was saved from ____________from Roman soldiers because of his Roman citizenship, because he was protected by the law. – You could ________ your legal case to Caesar – You could be ____________ if sentenced to die for your crimes (which was a good thing) • Disadvantages – Non-Roman Citizens may see him as sympathetic to the Romans death appeal beheaded
  14. 14. Nero the Emperor • In _______ C.E. Emperor Nero ______________ the Christians. • He blamed a fire (that he ordered started) on Christians • Thus began years and years of persecution under Roman Emperors 64 persecuted
  15. 15. Peter and Paul’s Death • We are not ______________ about how they died for sure • According to legend – Peter was ____________________ – Paul was beheaded (Roman Citizen) • Most likely Peter and Paul were _______________________. crucified upside down executed in Rome positive
  16. 16. Christian Testament • Also called the New Testament • The books that make up the Christian Testament were written in ________________________ • By the end of the _______ century, the church finally and formally approved the collection of _______ books called the Christian Testament. the first century. fourth 27
  17. 17. Christian Testament Definitions • “_________” means rule or standard • “_________” means letter • “_________” means assembly • “________” means good news Canon Epistle Church Gospel
  18. 18. Paul’s Letters and their Meaning • When the Christian communities received Paul’s letters, his words were read during community prayers and at times during the _________________ • Not one letter contains Paul’s entire message about Jesus because Paul wrote each epistle in response to the unique ___________ facing each _____________ • While Paul was writing his letters, there were no ___________ written already • During Paul’s time only a minority of the population of the Roman Empire were ________ Eucharist issues community Gospels literate
  19. 19. Paul’s Letters (Continued) • There are ______ epistles attributed to Paul • Some were written using his _______, but he didn’t actually write them • The remaining eight are attributed to James, ___________, __________, and Jude. 13 name Peter John
  20. 20. Gospels Written • The Gospels were written down because only a few of the people who had known Jesus personally were still ____________ • Also, because the Good News could reach many more people thought the Roman Empire if it was in ______________ . • The first writing that made up the Gospels were written in ______________ , nothing like a full scroll or book. living written form bits and pieces
  21. 21. Mark • The Gospel of Mark was the ________ Gospel written. ( _____CE) • Mark was the source for _________________ • Written to __________________ • Themes: Kingdom of God, Discipleship, _______________ first Matthew and Luke. 65-70 Gentile Christians Jesus’ Identity
  22. 22. Luke and Acts • The Gospel of Luke was addressed to ________________. • Theme: _________________ • The Acts of the Apostles is a companion piece to the Gospel of ____. • Acts of the Apostles tells us about Luke’s account of the ______ days of the Christian community. • Luke was written in ______ CE Gentile Christians Luke early 85 universality
  23. 23. Matthew • The Gospel of Matthew was written for a _____________________ community in Antioch in _______CE • Jesus, as Messiah, fulfilled prophecies of _____________ Jewish and Gentile 80-100 Jewish Tradition
  24. 24. Revelation • The book of Revelation is a ___________ picture of the suffering and final triumph of the church. • It is written in ________ . • If a Roman Soldier would get a hold of it, they wouldn’t understand its meaning, but ___________ would understand symbolic code Christians
  25. 25. 2 Essential Features of Christianity • By the end of the first century the movement known as Christianity had two essential features • Small, local communities of _____________ in Jesus • The Scriptures of the ___________________________ believers Christian Testament

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