National agriculture policy 2000 by Mj ABM


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National agriculture policy 2000 by Mj ABM

  3. 3. The first ever National Agriculture Policy was announced in July, 2000. The Policy seeks to actualize the vast untapped potential of Indian agriculture and aims at achieving a growth rate in excess of 4 per cent per annum in the agriculture sector. It also seeks to achieve growth with equity, i.e., growth, which is widespread across regions and farmers. It also emphasizes the need to cater to domestic markets and maximize benefits from exports of agricultural products. Various measures have been taken to operationalise the policy. . In pursuance of the policy, national policies on sectors like cooperation, seeds and extension have been framed. RTI-INDIAN GOVERMENT
  4. 4. Production of food grains The overall food grains production of 212.02 million tonnes during the year 2001-02 was an all time record. Macro-Management in Agriculture Planning This represents a major shift from the programmatic to the Macro Management mode of planning and implementation to operationalise regionally differentiated strategies and ensure that limited financial allocations find timely and effective application in the intended areas ‘On Farm Water Management’ in Eastern India With its abundant water resources and favorable soil structure, Eastern India has the potential to substantially increase the productivity of different crops. RTI-INDIAN GOVERMENT
  5. 5. Technology Missions A Technology Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture in the North Eastern States including Sikkim was launched during 2001-02 with an outlay of Rs.239 crore. The Scheme seeks to address all issues relating to the development of horticulture in the region covering research, development and marketing. The mission has been extended to Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Jammu and Kashmir. A Central Sector Scheme on Technology Mission for Coconut was launched for implementation during 2001-02. The Mission seeks to address issues like technology development, demonstration, processing, product diversification, market research and promotion. RTI-INDIAN GOVERMENT
  6. 6. Grameen Bhandaran Yojana A scheme of construction, renovation and expansion of rural godowns, called Grameen Bhandaran Yojana, was launched during 2001-02. National Policy on Co-operatives The policy, announced in March, 2002, seeks to facilitate all round development of co-operatives in the country. Law on Multi-State Co-operative Societies The Central Government has enacted a new Multi-State Cooperative Societies Act, 2002 to provide full functional autonomy and democratic management to co-operative societies. Credit Farmers now will have to pay a maximum interest rate of 9 per cent on bank loans up to Rs.50,000 for each crop. Earlier, they had to pay a rate of 14 to 18 per cent RTI-INDIAN GOVERMENT
  7. 7. Programme for Agri-Infrastrucutral Facilities The Government has announced a Rs 50,000 crore programme for mitigating the difficulties, being faced by the agricultural sector. The programme, to be spread over three years, will address issues like agri-infrastructural facilities, wasteland development, minor irrigation, functioning and viability of cooperatives, grading, certification, storage of agro-products, their processing, cold chains and modern abattoirs. Under the programme, to be operated by the NABARD, loans will be made available to borrowers at low competitive rates. The National Agricultural Insurance Scheme, Aims at protecting the farmers against crop losses suffered on account of natural calamities such as drought, flood, hailstorm, cyclone, pests diseases. The Scheme is currently implemented by 22 States and 2 UTs. The Seed Crop Insurance is currently being implemented in Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Gujarat. Insurance RTI-INDIAN GOVERMENT
  8. 8. Protection of Plant Varieties & Farmers’ Rights Act The Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act provides for establishment of an effective system for protection of plant varieties, the rights of farmers and plant breeders and for encouraging the development of new varieties of plants. The plant varieties will be registered for plant breeder rights,based on the criteria of distinctness, uniformity and stability. National Seeds Policy The main features of the National Seeds Policy, 2002 include development of new and improved varieties of plants, timely availability of quality seeds, compulsory registration of seeds, creation of infrastructure facilities, quality assurance, promotion of seed industry, abolition of licensing for seed dealers, facility for import of best quality seeds, encouragement for export of seeds and creation of Seed Banks and National Seed Grid. RTI-INDIAN GOVERMENT
  9. 9. Mass Media Support for Agriculture Extension The scheme aims at utilizing the vast mass media infrastructure available in the country for providing agriculture-related extension services. Kisan Call Centres The scheme aims at addressing queries and questions raised by farmers throughout the country. The farmer can access a Call Centre through toll free lines by dialing 1551 any time. The questions will be answered by agri-graduates and specialists. Drought Management The country faced a severe drought last year. In order to mitigate drought conditions, the Government of India allocated 87.36 lakh MTs of food grains, free of cost, and provided cash assistance of Rs.4,214.95 crore under CRF and NCCF to the 17 drought affected States. RTI-INDIAN GOVERMENT
  10. 10. Agriclinics and Agribusiness Centers The scheme of Agriclinics and Agribusiness Centers was launched in 2001-2002, with the objective of using unemployed agriculture graduates to provide extension services to farmers on payment basis by setting up their private ventures. The Government of India provides training to agriculture graduates willing to set up such centers RTI-INDIAN GOVERMENT
  11. 11. Assistance for Sugarcane Farmers The Government has announced a one time assistance of Rs.678.06 crore to Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Haryana, Punjab and Bihar to clear the cane arrears of sugarcane farmers for the 2002-03 season. Milk Production Several measures, initiated by the Government to increase the productivity of livestock, have resulted in significant increase in the milk production to the level of an estimated 89.1 million tonnes in 2002-03 as compared to 17 million tonnes in 1950-51. India has become the largest producer of milk in the world. Egg Production Poultry development in the country has shown steady progress. Egg production during 2001-02 was 34.03 billion. RTI-INDIAN GOVERMENT
  12. 12. Fish Production There has been significant growth in fish production in the country in recent years. During 2001-02, the total fish production was 59.86 lakh tonnes. Agricultural research About 400 improved varieties/hybrids of crops have been released for realizing improved productivity and enhanced stabilized production. Eighteen improved agricultural tools and equipment have been developed and standardized RTI-INDIAN GOVERMENT
  13. 13. RTI-INDIAN GOVERMENT 1. To accelerate the economic wealth of Indian agriculture. 2. Increasing the Gross Domestic Production (GDP) of agriculture. 3. To maximize the agriculture export. 4. Policy increase the income (profit) of farmers. 5. Policy introduce more technology in farming.