PRESENTED BY :
DEPARTMENT of AGRI. BUSS. MANG.
SAM HIGGINBOTTOM INSTITUTE AGRICULTURE,
TECHNOLOGY & SCIENCE,
National Agriculture Policy 2000
The first ever National Agriculture Policy was
announced in July, 2000. The Policy seeks to actualize
the vast untapped potential of Indian agriculture and
aims at achieving a growth rate in excess of 4 per cent
per annum in the agriculture sector. It also seeks to
achieve growth with equity, i.e., growth, which is
widespread across regions and farmers. It also
emphasizes the need to cater to domestic markets and
maximize benefits from exports of agricultural products.
Various measures have been taken to operationalise the
policy. . In pursuance of the policy, national policies on
sectors like cooperation, seeds and extension have been
Production of food grains
The overall food grains production of 212.02 million tonnes
during the year 2001-02 was an all time record.
Macro-Management in Agriculture Planning
This represents a major shift from the programmatic to the Macro
Management mode of planning and implementation to operationalise
regionally differentiated strategies and ensure that limited financial allocations
find timely and effective application in the intended areas
‘On Farm Water Management’ in Eastern India
With its abundant water resources and favorable soil structure,
Eastern India has the potential to substantially increase the productivity of
A Technology Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture in the
North Eastern States including Sikkim was launched during 2001-02
with an outlay of Rs.239 crore. The Scheme seeks to address all issues
relating to the development of horticulture in the region covering research,
development and marketing. The mission has been extended to
Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Jammu and Kashmir.
A Central Sector Scheme on Technology Mission for Coconut was launched
for implementation during 2001-02. The Mission seeks to address issues like
technology development, demonstration, processing, product diversification,
market research and promotion.
Grameen Bhandaran Yojana
A scheme of construction, renovation and expansion of rural godowns,
called Grameen Bhandaran Yojana, was launched during 2001-02.
National Policy on Co-operatives
The policy, announced in March, 2002, seeks to facilitate all round
development of co-operatives in the country.
Law on Multi-State Co-operative Societies
The Central Government has enacted a new Multi-State Cooperative
Societies Act, 2002 to provide full functional autonomy and democratic
management to co-operative societies.
Farmers now will have to pay a maximum interest rate of 9 per cent on bank
loans up to Rs.50,000 for each crop.
Earlier, they had to pay a rate of 14 to 18 per cent
Programme for Agri-Infrastrucutral Facilities
The Government has announced a Rs 50,000 crore programme for
mitigating the difficulties, being faced by the agricultural sector.
The programme, to be spread over three years, will address issues like
agri-infrastructural facilities, wasteland development, minor
irrigation, functioning and viability of
cooperatives, grading, certification, storage of agro-products, their
processing, cold chains and modern abattoirs. Under the programme, to
be operated by the NABARD, loans will be made available to borrowers
at low competitive rates.
The National Agricultural Insurance Scheme,
Aims at protecting the farmers against crop losses suffered on account of
natural calamities such as drought, flood, hailstorm, cyclone, pests diseases.
The Scheme is currently implemented by 22 States and 2 UTs.
The Seed Crop Insurance is currently being implemented in
Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh,
Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Gujarat.
Protection of Plant Varieties & Farmers’ Rights Act
The Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act provides for
establishment of an effective system for protection of plant varieties, the rights
of farmers and plant breeders and for encouraging the development of new
varieties of plants. The plant varieties will be registered for plant breeder
rights,based on the criteria of distinctness, uniformity and stability.
National Seeds Policy
The main features of the National Seeds Policy, 2002 include development
of new and improved varieties of plants, timely availability of quality seeds,
compulsory registration of seeds, creation of infrastructure facilities, quality
assurance, promotion of seed industry, abolition of licensing for seed dealers,
facility for import of best quality seeds, encouragement for export of seeds and
creation of Seed Banks and National Seed Grid.
Mass Media Support for Agriculture Extension
The scheme aims at utilizing the vast mass media infrastructure available in
the country for providing agriculture-related extension services.
Kisan Call Centres
The scheme aims at addressing queries and questions raised by farmers
throughout the country. The farmer can access a Call Centre through toll free
lines by dialing 1551 any time.
The questions will be answered by agri-graduates and specialists.
The country faced a severe drought last year. In order to mitigate drought
conditions, the Government of India allocated 87.36 lakh MTs of food grains,
free of cost, and provided cash assistance of Rs.4,214.95 crore under
CRF and NCCF to the 17 drought affected States.
Agriclinics and Agribusiness Centers
The scheme of Agriclinics and Agribusiness Centers was launched in 2001-2002,
with the objective of using unemployed agriculture graduates to provide extension
services to farmers on payment basis by setting up their private ventures.
The Government of India provides training to agriculture graduates willing to set up
Assistance for Sugarcane Farmers
The Government has announced a one time assistance of Rs.678.06 crore to
Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Haryana, Punjab and Bihar to clear the cane
arrears of sugarcane farmers for the 2002-03 season.
Several measures, initiated by the Government to increase the productivity of
livestock, have resulted in significant increase in the milk production to the
level of an estimated 89.1 million tonnes in 2002-03 as compared to 17 million
tonnes in 1950-51. India has become the largest producer of milk in the world.
Poultry development in the country has shown steady progress.
Egg production during 2001-02 was 34.03 billion.
There has been significant growth in fish production in the country in recent
years. During 2001-02, the total fish production was 59.86 lakh tonnes.
About 400 improved varieties/hybrids of crops have been released for
realizing improved productivity and enhanced stabilized production.
Eighteen improved agricultural tools and equipment have been developed
1. To accelerate the economic wealth of
2. Increasing the Gross Domestic
Production (GDP) of agriculture.
3. To maximize the agriculture export.
4. Policy increase the income (profit) of
5. Policy introduce more technology in