<ul><li>The Japanese believed that theater was discovered by the Gods </li></ul><ul><li>Gods passed that knowledge to the ...
<ul><li>Noh is an elegant form of Drama that began in the 1300's </li></ul><ul><li>Noh was the only type of public enterta...
<ul><li>Noh theater is Japan's oldest form of theater </li></ul><ul><li>Noh theater is still performed today </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>It is a loud and action-packed Japanese type of theater designed for entertainment for merchants and lower-class p...
<ul><li>Unlike many of today’s theaters, the crowd was allowed to yell and share their opinion during the show </li></ul><...
<ul><li>No strings attached to puppets </li></ul><ul><li>Most developed form of theater in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Pup...
<ul><li>The play was so popular it caused an increase in this type of suicide until the government made it illegal  </li><...
<ul><li>Theater was one way that a samurai was entertained </li></ul><ul><li>The only type of theater that was considered ...
<ul><li>It is said that a Noh performance is as much as a religious ceremony as it is a performance </li></ul><ul><li>In a...
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P6

  1. 2. <ul><li>The Japanese believed that theater was discovered by the Gods </li></ul><ul><li>Gods passed that knowledge to the Japanese </li></ul><ul><li>Over centuries, theater developed into traditions </li></ul><ul><li>The first form of acting in Japan was Gagaku </li></ul><ul><li>Gagaku is a dance from China that had great costumes and wonderful choreography </li></ul><ul><li>Starting with that, theater in Japan continued to grow and develop until it is to the level that it is today </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Noh is an elegant form of Drama that began in the 1300's </li></ul><ul><li>Noh was the only type of public entertainment that was considered dignified enough for a samurai </li></ul><ul><li>Noh plays told stories from ancient Japanese legends, that include ghosts, sprits, and demons </li></ul><ul><li>Actors were only men </li></ul><ul><li>The performance is a combination of song, dialogue, music and dance </li></ul><ul><li>They performed slow, silent dance steps, each move had a certain meaning </li></ul><ul><li>The mood of the play was solemn and mysterious </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Noh theater is Japan's oldest form of theater </li></ul><ul><li>Noh theater is still performed today </li></ul><ul><li>There is a dreamlike quality to Noh plays </li></ul><ul><li>The timelines stress that life is like a wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Good and bad go in never ending cycles </li></ul><ul><li>The main characters change their masks to express their feelings </li></ul><ul><li>The scenery is simple and sometimes almost bare </li></ul><ul><li>The main character wears a combination of masks and five layers of elaborate clothing, to make a bigger than life presence </li></ul><ul><li>The word Noh means ability and skill </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>It is a loud and action-packed Japanese type of theater designed for entertainment for merchants and lower-class people </li></ul><ul><li>It was first developed in the 1600s by women but many years later women were banned from acting in Kabuki Theater </li></ul><ul><li>Kabuki plays were usually based on current events, usually taught you a lesson, and were usually funny </li></ul><ul><li>Popular parts of it were the exaggerated movements, the dramatic speeches, and the amazing duels </li></ul><ul><li>It usually included dragons, other magical creatures, and lower-class people outsmarting higher-class people </li></ul>An example of how much makeup that the actors wore and the elaborate costumes.
  5. 6. <ul><li>Unlike many of today’s theaters, the crowd was allowed to yell and share their opinion during the show </li></ul><ul><li>Even though Kabuki was considered rude by the shogun, it was very popular for samurai, who would disguise themselves as merchants and watch the shows </li></ul><ul><li>Kabuki plays were usually very long, some lasted up to 6 ½ hours </li></ul><ul><li>A unique and special part of it is that the actors wore colorful, elaborate costumes, and they were a high amount of makeup </li></ul><ul><li>In it the orchestra, chorus, and dancers were all a part of the play </li></ul><ul><li>The word Kabuki means &quot;to get freaked out&quot; and this is the name of this kind of theater because of the heavy make-up and elaborate costumes that the actors wear </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>No strings attached to puppets </li></ul><ul><li>Most developed form of theater in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Puppeteers hidden behind a curtain </li></ul><ul><li>Puppets are half life size </li></ul><ul><li>Main characters operated by 3 puppeteers </li></ul><ul><li>Most plays deal with the common theme on girl and ninjo, the conflict between obligations and emotions </li></ul><ul><li>The greatest works by Chikamatsu Monzaemon(born 1653 died 1724) japans greatest playwright are Bunraku plays and are written around the girl and ninjo idea </li></ul><ul><li>Believed to originated in the 10th to 11th century </li></ul><ul><li>Flourished at the end of 17th century thanks to a play called love suicides at sonezaki which was equivalent at the time to Shakespeare Romeo and Juliet </li></ul>Left: a Female Maiden Puppet head Right: a Male Warrior Puppet head
  7. 8. <ul><li>The play was so popular it caused an increase in this type of suicide until the government made it illegal </li></ul><ul><li>Omozukai is the head puppeteer who operates the head and features and right of the lead puppet </li></ul><ul><li>Two lesser puppeteers operate the legs and the left arm </li></ul><ul><li>Must have a 10 year apprentice ship before becoming a Omozukai </li></ul><ul><li>the Omozukai is visible to the audience and often colorfully dressed while the other operators are 'hidden' </li></ul><ul><li>Female puppets usually don’t have legs because they are wearing full kimonos </li></ul><ul><li>Bunraku has been in a decline since 1868 and relies on government sponsorship </li></ul><ul><li>Craftsmen who create the puppets and outfits are dying out </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Theater was one way that a samurai was entertained </li></ul><ul><li>The only type of theater that was considered dignified enough for a samurai was the Noh and Bunraku theater </li></ul><ul><li>The Kabuki theater was popular among the samurai because of its exciting form of drama </li></ul><ul><li>First in 14 th & 15 th centuries for samurai and high class </li></ul><ul><li>Shoguns and Samurai's were drawn to Noh theater </li></ul><ul><li>First in 14 th & 15 th centuries for samurai and high class </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>It is said that a Noh performance is as much as a religious ceremony as it is a performance </li></ul><ul><li>In a sense, Noh represents the austere Buddhist way of life adopted by the aristocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Shinto World religions </li></ul><ul><li>Actors may present Noh, a classical dance- dramas that depict stories of the kami , plays about early Shinto history or comedies because the kami love to laugh </li></ul><ul><li>Noh had ritual performances and it underlined Buddhist themes </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese theater has developed into several rich traditions over the centuries </li></ul>

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