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  1. 2. <ul><li>The tea ceremony is a ceremony that has been with Japan for many years. Tea came over to Japan from China during the year of 805. It was first used for priests, nobles, and monks but now it is drank by all of Japan. It is Japans favorite drink. The tea ceremony is called Chado but has many different names and varieties. It is a very religious ceremony but can be practiced by anybody in Japan. The tea ceremony has four different meanings, WA-harmony, KEI-respect, SEI- Purity, and JYAKU- tranquility. The tea ceremony is a very complex ceremony but is based on simplicity. </li></ul>
  2. 3. History of Tea <ul><li>Tea came from China to Japan using cultural diffusion. Ancient recordings say the first batch of tea seeds were brought by a priest named Saicho in 805 and then by another named Kukai in 806. </li></ul><ul><li>Tea was first medicine for Japan and China but grew into a beverage over years. </li></ul><ul><li>Tea was known its for power to heal body and spirit. </li></ul><ul><li>Tea bricks were called dancha during this time. Tea bricks are brick-like-balls of demented tea leaves. Pieces of the tea brick were shaved off and mixed into various flavorings, like ginger or salt, then boiled in water. </li></ul><ul><li>Later the green tea leaves were dried and then ground into a powder. </li></ul><ul><li>At first only court nobles and Zen priest involved with Buddhist ceremonies drank tea. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 9th century Elsa wrote a book that talked about the power of tea to heal the body and spirit. His interest in tea was shared by Do-gen, his famous student. Do-gen shared the idea and made it so everyone could drink tea. </li></ul><ul><li>The popularity of tea spread. The custom of tea drinking became very popular among the Samurai and court nobles. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Four Principles of Tea <ul><li>Wa, Kei, Sei and Jaku are the four principles that guide the rules of the Way of Tea. Wa (harmony), Kei (respect), Sei (purity), and Jaku (tranquility). </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrated through following the etiquette of tea </li></ul><ul><li>The purity in tea is internal, but is discovered in external things </li></ul><ul><li>A bowl of tea can have peace of mind, and contribute to establishment of world peace </li></ul><ul><li>A person practices the way of tea </li></ul><ul><li>Valuable for each person to take time to think each principal and spiritual development </li></ul><ul><li>Purification means relaxed and peaceful </li></ul><ul><li>At tea ceremony relationships between hotel and guest were obvious </li></ul><ul><li>through the way the host chooses implements and makes tea, and the way the guests handle the implements and drink the tea </li></ul>
  4. 5. How a Tea Ceremony is Ran <ul><li>The tea ceremony is held outside, tea house, or tea room </li></ul><ul><li>Decorations are kept pretty simple in Zen </li></ul><ul><li>Guests could be served light, simple meal called a &quot; tenshin &quot;, or full-course meal called &quot; kaiseki &quot; or &quot; chakaiseki &quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Tea ceremony was very complicated ceremony and practiced today in many parts of Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Tea ceremonies have a ritual way of preparing and drinking tea </li></ul><ul><li>Guest had to eat everything they were served </li></ul><ul><li>The tea ceremony takes years to practice </li></ul><ul><li>Guest must take off their shoes in honor at tea ceremonies </li></ul><ul><li>The tea served at the tea ceremony is green tea that is bitter </li></ul><ul><li>The utensils that use is a bowl, whisk, and tea scoop, they are each ritually cleaned before the start of the ceremony </li></ul><ul><li>If a guest picks a full course meal then he will be asked out of the room and summoned again when the host is ready </li></ul>
  5. 6. Samurai <ul><li>For many Samurai a tea ceremony is to display their wealth and sense of fashion, and vast sums were paid for the pottery, bamboo and metal utensils used in the ceremony. </li></ul><ul><li>The most popular mode of artistic expression with the samurai was the tea ceremony. </li></ul><ul><li>At a tea ceremony samurai left their swords in racks outside the tearoom and crawled in through a low, humbling opening. </li></ul><ul><li>It was supposed to be a place of tranquility where warlords, merchants, and monks met on equal footing to relish silence, the beauties of a garden, exquisite arts and crafts, and a simple bowl of tea together. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 14th century tea ceremonies became competitions and gambling for nobles and samurai. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Shinto and Zen <ul><li>Tea is important to Zen because it helps meditation. </li></ul><ul><li>Tea was used by Zen priests to keep them awake during meditation. Tea was also used for keeping Zen monks awake for their nocturnal devotions. </li></ul><ul><li>The most entertainment that a samurai could make was having a tea ceremony, which had origins in the complex contemplative world of Zen Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese tea ceremony was influenced by Zen Buddhism. The tea room and utensils are kept simple according to Zen Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li>Shinto and Zen flow together. </li></ul><ul><li>Shinto is about nature. Tea calms you done and Shinto can use this so that they can focus on nature. Then they can speak to the kami. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Although the tea ceremony is based on simplicity it has many powerful meanings. It has been changed over the years and originally came from China. Both cultures influence the ceremony in many ways. Shinto means way of god , Chado means the way of tea, and Zen Buddhism means meditation. </li></ul>