Castle Towns Ppt2


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Castle Towns Ppt2

  1. 1. Castle towns: Beyond the Walls in Times of Peace By Rachel H By Kyle L 1 st Period March 31, 2008
  2. 2. Family Life <ul><li>Family Life was the base of the castle towns. </li></ul><ul><li>Upper class people usually had larger extended families in the house hold </li></ul><ul><li>Samurai often had to betray family to serve leaders </li></ul><ul><li>A family household usually contained three generations </li></ul><ul><li>Eldest man of 2 nd generation was usually head of the house </li></ul><ul><li>Elders usually resigned from that position </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s 3 duties: dad, spouse, son </li></ul><ul><li>women could once inherit property, but not any more </li></ul><ul><li>Parents made marriage decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Most men married once </li></ul>
  3. 3. Town Residences <ul><li>upper class people lived in Chinese-like homes </li></ul><ul><li>three wings surrounded garden </li></ul><ul><li>wooden enclosures, tile roofing, cleaned floorboards </li></ul><ul><li>scarce quantities of furniture, usually only pillows and table </li></ul><ul><li>clothing and sleeping mats were stored until needed. </li></ul><ul><li>charcoal braziers were source of warmth </li></ul><ul><li>shoes weren’t warn in house </li></ul><ul><li>similar but smaller and less decorated houses for poor people </li></ul><ul><li>Farming houses were smaller and darker and the only warmth came from small fireplace in the center </li></ul>
  4. 4. In the Castle <ul><li>Modern palaces were based on Japanese architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Tatami mats were laid out across the floors </li></ul><ul><li>Dense paper covered the inner walls </li></ul><ul><li>Very thin, semi-transparent paper covered the doors and windows </li></ul><ul><li>Most samurai lived in farming homes </li></ul><ul><li>Daimyos were forced to keep a home in Edo for 1 out of every 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>This is because the shogun did not want an uprising against the emperor </li></ul><ul><li>The daimyo’s families were forced to live there all of the time </li></ul>
  5. 5. Castle Protection <ul><li>Japanese people were most famous for castles built under ruling of shogun </li></ul><ul><li>The castle’s main use was as an army base </li></ul><ul><li>Moats, walls, and turrets provided protection for the castle </li></ul><ul><li>The castle tower (Tenshukaku) was a castle keep (donjon) </li></ul><ul><li>It was the innermost and best protected structure </li></ul><ul><li>It was 2-5 floors, more interior than exterior </li></ul><ul><li>The guard tower (Yagura) had many turrets for protection </li></ul><ul><li>They were also used as storage areas and lined the outer walls </li></ul><ul><li>There were many circles of walls and moats </li></ul><ul><li>2 gates that exposed a heavily fortified courtyard was another source of defense </li></ul><ul><li>Nightingale floorboards alerted samurai guards of intruders </li></ul><ul><li>Castles were built from Hinoki wood </li></ul>
  6. 6. Samurai in Castletowns <ul><li>Up to 50 samurai could live in a guard house </li></ul><ul><li>Samurai had 2 swords. </li></ul><ul><li>long one for battle, short one for committing seppuku (honorable suicide) </li></ul><ul><li>Only the small sword was carried in palaces. </li></ul><ul><li>Samurai (shi) was the highest but not richest class </li></ul><ul><li>The daimyo that lived in the palace commanded all of the samurai in it </li></ul>
  7. 7. Parts of the Castletown <ul><li>Castletowns were the society in Japan in the age of the samurai </li></ul><ul><li>The society was successful because of market which ran economic system </li></ul><ul><li>Based around daimyo’s castle </li></ul><ul><li>Market was where artisans and merchants went to trade and sell </li></ul><ul><li>The higher class, the closer you lived to the castle </li></ul><ul><li>Artisans and merchants were sectioned out because they were lower class </li></ul><ul><li>On the outskirts of the castletowns were places of entertainment and religion </li></ul><ul><li>All of these rings went farther out from the castle </li></ul>
  8. 8. What Happened in the Castles <ul><li>No shoes were allowed in the palaces </li></ul><ul><li>5 building and 33 rooms in shogun’s palace </li></ul><ul><li>Nature paintings filled the palace </li></ul><ul><li>Class defined how much castle was open to you </li></ul><ul><li>Many structures contained guards waiting to greet the shogun </li></ul><ul><li>Animal pelts symbolized the shogun’s power </li></ul><ul><li>Shrubs represented the loyalty to the shogun </li></ul><ul><li>Center buildings were filled with supporters of the shogun </li></ul><ul><li>1 of the last buildings was the shogun’s residence </li></ul><ul><li>Besides shogun, only females were allowed in those rooms </li></ul><ul><li>All female workers mastered martial arts </li></ul><ul><li>The last building was for the emperor’s messenger </li></ul><ul><li>Although the shogun was leader of army and politics, the emperor practiced holy and appearance related powers </li></ul>