09p1.Dress And Appearance


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09p1.Dress And Appearance

  1. 1. Dress and Appearance of Ancient Japan By: Alex U. & Tory A.
  2. 2. Throughout this journey through the history and culture of Japan, a plethora of information is included about the dress and appearance of Ancient Japan. Subjects included are the history of the kimono, how the kimono was developed over time, some of the time periods of when it was made and worn, and colors and symbols used in a kimono, and other items that the Japanese wore. Also included is the great influences on Japanese culture, including Shinto and Zen religions and the Miyabi.
  3. 3. The History of Kimonos <ul><li>The kimono became standard garment of the Japanese in the Ashikaga Period (14 th and 15 th centuries) </li></ul><ul><li>The kimono was a late development, originally demonstrating the ranking of women </li></ul><ul><li>In the Tokugawa period (17 th - 19 th centuries) the shogunal government attempted a rule that only samurais could wear the finest kimonos </li></ul><ul><li>Also that the merchants and artisans could only wear kimonos of dark shades </li></ul><ul><li>Today, formal kimonos are modeled after kimonos used in the Heian period </li></ul><ul><li>Climate, imperial court, laws, talent in weaving & dying, and the availability to materials influenced the Japanese clothing </li></ul>
  4. 4. Influenced Ideas and Religions in Japan- Shinto <ul><li>Shinto was a major influence on Japan </li></ul><ul><li>This religion brought the ideas of peace and cleanliness to Japan </li></ul><ul><li>The start of Japan was based on Shinto mythology, which supports the basic role to have peace between humans, nature, and divine elements </li></ul><ul><li>Purity and tranquility were stressed in the practices and beliefs of the Shinto religion, celebrating the beauty of the world and nature in general </li></ul><ul><li>Methods of ritual washing, neatness, order, and personal honesty were brought into Japan, </li></ul><ul><li>This supported the concept of cleanliness throughout the culture </li></ul><ul><li>In the Shinto religion, gratitude and respect for all living things, profound appreciation of the beauty of the nature, and the preference for the simple and bare </li></ul>
  5. 5. Influenced Religions and Ideas in Japan- Zen <ul><li>One of the two major influences on Japan was the Zen religion </li></ul><ul><li>This religion brought the ideas of peace and cleanliness throughout Japan, also supporting the Shinto religion </li></ul><ul><li>Peace and Cleanliness were practiced through meditation, which was the focus for retrieving and channeling their inner peace </li></ul>
  6. 6. Colors and Designs in Japanese Dress and Appearance- Kamon <ul><li>Originally developed because Ka means a line of ancestry, and Mon means crest </li></ul><ul><li>Kamon's are Japanese family crest used in battles to recognize military units and to mark possessions for ruling families </li></ul><ul><li>Developed in the Heian period </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol usually represented an animal (such as lions or eagles), plants, or simply a design of a cross or letter </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Men wore darker shades of Kimonos, while women wore bright and colorful shades of kimonos, usually embroidered </li></ul><ul><li>Kimonos worn by younger women had longer sleeves, and more vibrant colors </li></ul><ul><li>Kimonos worn by older women had shorter sleeves, and darker colors </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Miyabi was the code of basic courtly manners; the book of rules to a perfect and trouble-free environment </li></ul><ul><li>All court nobles followed the Miyabi, and each and every one of their lives were changed dramatically due to the exhaustive limits the Miyabi concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Court Nobles were forced to focus on their dress and appearance immensely, taking many hours of the day to follow this rule to the highest extent </li></ul><ul><li>Each samurai wore elaborate make-up and greatly handsome clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Court Nobles were forced to practice restrained behavior, making sure to think through all of their actions, being extremely polite and having great manners </li></ul>