09 P2.Castletowns

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09 P2.Castletowns

  1. 1. Castle Towns in Ancient Japan By: Cohen Dworsky and Andrew Kenyon
  2. 2. History of Castle towns <ul><li>Japanese castles were introduced in the Nara period around 710 AD to 794 AD. </li></ul><ul><li>Feudal lords liked the their castles. One of these reasons was, during the Nara period, many warlords were constantly fighting with each other, these special castles were built to protect them. </li></ul><ul><li>These castles were built also to show the wealth of that warlord. </li></ul><ul><li>During the Nara period, because of the constant fighting, soldiers were kept inside the castle in case of attack. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Castles: A great fortification? <ul><li>Castles like these were connected to many corridors and gateways, this made it hard for the enemy to find its way around the castle. By the time, they found out where they were, soldiers were ready to defend for there lord. </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese castles had wood-frame walls filled with bamboo and clay which were then plastered over, making the tower itself, very hard. </li></ul><ul><li>The soldiers defending the castle, shot muskets and bows threw wooden shutters to hold off attackers. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the earthquake occurrences, the main part of the castle was not connected to stonework, making it flexible, thus able to absorb the shock from the earthquake. </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquakes were great for the defending castle, because the castle would not collapse, thus only the attackers would be affected by </li></ul><ul><li>the earthquake. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Trade: Markets and Commerce <ul><li>Feudal lords supported trade, it helped fund their military needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Regions throughout Japan raised the amount of trading, this brought forth the introduction to the use of currency in trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Trade guilds were built to decrease the amount of competition to sell products. Trade guilds sold many things like, agricultural products, artisan’s crafts, and daily use items. </li></ul><ul><li>Tax on land called the nengu. This represent the tax on rice, this tax continued during the modern period, and was sometimes paid in currency. </li></ul><ul><li>Seventy percent of products made by farmers and peasants were collected for the nengu. Only 30% sold. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to the nengu, the was occasionally a special tax for farmers and peasants that supported the funding of special events, rituals, and projects. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Currency Gold Silver Copper Oban- Worth ten ryo (unit of measure)of gold  Ex: $10.00 Chogin – Weighed about 43 momme Zeni- An old Chinese coin that was equal to one Japanese coin Koban-Acted as a dime to the Oban. Ex: $1.00 Momme is the unit of measure for silver coins, they were put on rope Ropes of 100 zeni and 1000 zeni were made. Ichibu kin- Acted as a quarter to the Koban.  Ex: $0.25 The rope would measure up to 100 momme or 500 momme
  6. 7. Government-Law <ul><li>There were a lot of divisions within the court. Also, these divisions had sub divisions as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Your status in the court was depended on your family’s backround. </li></ul><ul><li>The court was like the royal system. After the emperor dies, his son would inherit the job, this is what happens in the court as well. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ashitaka Family had control over much of the court for a long time. </li></ul><ul><li>Emperor eventually became more of a religious leader, than political. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Conclusion <ul><li>The court structure brought forth the use of trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Trade caused the use of currency. </li></ul><ul><li>Currency was needed to support the army to protect castles. </li></ul><ul><li>Everything had a cause in the Castle town societies. </li></ul>

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