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09 P1.Zen Meditation Powerpoint


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09 P1.Zen Meditation Powerpoint

  1. 1. By: Celia M. and Nyal P. Period 1 April 3, 2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>Main form of meditation: zazen </li></ul><ul><li>Popular amongst nuns, monks, and Samurai warriors </li></ul><ul><li>Worship Sakyamuni, the “Awakened One”, or Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>Reincarnation is a key belief </li></ul><ul><li>They strive to do good in their life so that they will be rewarded in their next one </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Buddhism originates from India </li></ul><ul><li>Spread through East Asian countries then came to Japan in 6 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Zen come indirectly from the Sanskrit word for meditation, dhyana </li></ul><ul><li>Countries that were impacted by Zen were also influenced by East Asian countries </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Samurai practice Zen to learn to control body and mind </li></ul><ul><li>They do this through harsh physical, long hours of meditation, and through the practice of swordsmanship </li></ul><ul><li>Warriors learn to control their sword like their body and mind by never drawing it, unless completely necessary </li></ul><ul><li>They do all this in order to become selfless and enlightened </li></ul><ul><li>“ By blending his self and his weapon through action, the swordsman moved towards the goal of complete emptiness which was the aim of all Zen practices”- Stephen Turnbull: Warrior of Medieval Japan </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>One of Buddha's disciples has to be asked to ordain a nun in traditional times </li></ul><ul><li>Nun orders have 311 fallowed called Pratimoksha </li></ul><ul><li>Nuns (like monks) contain the arhat status </li></ul><ul><li>All traditional nun orders have been stopped </li></ul><ul><li>The only completely ordained nuns can be found in Asian Mahayana tradition </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>In conclusion, Buddhism is a way of life to Japanese people. Not only do they have to endure painful physical training and hours of meditation, but they have to commit both body and mind to completely meditation. Buddhists try to fallow the teachings of Sakyamuni in everyday life, by selflessly meditating and forgetting all wants and desires. Though Zen Buddhism is a challenging way of life, Buddhists believe that all of their good actions will be rewarded in a prospering, happy next life. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Monk’s life is dedicated to meditation and becoming intact with god </li></ul><ul><li>During meals, no sound is made, not even a chewing sound </li></ul><ul><li>During rainy season the monks stay in one place for three months, meditating </li></ul><ul><li>Most monks never quit because they enjoy meditation </li></ul><ul><li>Monks believe that meditation makes them stronger </li></ul><ul><li>Monastic orders have 227 laws that must be fallowed called Pratimoksha </li></ul><ul><li>“ At 3:30 each morning (4:30 in the winter) the , monks are awaken by a small bell” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The dining room is one of the three places for silence, the other two being the meditation hall and the bath. No one is allowed to speak or make any sound, even when biting into a radish pickle. Even for the poorest meal, a monk must show great thanks” – Nishimura </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Monks sits with legs cross and feet flat, facing upwards </li></ul><ul><li>He sits up straight and tucks his chin in </li></ul><ul><li>Zen makes monks very relaxed </li></ul><ul><li>If they start to look sleepy, another monk hits him with a stick to avoid falling asleep while meditating </li></ul><ul><li>“ When you are practicing Zazen you must sit immobile, as if you were a statue of Buddha. You must attempt to empty your mind of all thoughts, of all the vanities of this world”- Haugaard (p. 50) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Buddhist meditate for these reasons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Because they believe it makes them stronger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In order to achieve selflessness and enlightenment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To clear their mind of all thoughts and desires </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To become one with body and mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In order to become closer to god </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Have to endure harsh physical training and hours of meditation to achieve enlightenment </li></ul><ul><li>Try to fallow teaching of Sakyamuni in daily life </li></ul><ul><li>Though it a challenging way of life, Zen Buddhist try to achieve good things in order to live a happy next life </li></ul>