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09 P1 Theaterfinal


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09 P1 Theaterfinal

  1. 1. The Japanese Theater Kristin A. & Jay R. Period 1
  2. 2. Introduction to the Theater <ul><li>According to Japanese Mythology theater was first discovered by the gods. </li></ul><ul><li>There are three main types of the theater </li></ul><ul><li>*Noh*Kabuki*Bunraku* </li></ul><ul><li>Each theater had a main attraction that the theater highlighted. </li></ul><ul><li>The lives of the actors in each theater was different from an average Japanese person. </li></ul><ul><li>The Theaters were geared to a certain group of people. </li></ul><ul><li>All props were made and handled with care. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Characteristics of the Japanese Theater <ul><li>*Noh Theater* </li></ul><ul><li>Performances date back to the 14 th and 15 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Plays are based on Myths and Legends </li></ul><ul><li>Actors used precise movements without speech so the audience knew what was being said. For example, if someone touches their heart it means they are falling in love. </li></ul><ul><li>Plays were often preformed in Shinto Shrines. </li></ul><ul><li>Main Attraction: Putting on a Play with a bare stage and limited scenery and props. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics of the Japanese Theater <ul><li>*Kabuki Theater* </li></ul><ul><li>Was developed because the merchants wanted some form of entertainment. </li></ul><ul><li>Kabuki plays were either historical, contemporary or </li></ul><ul><li>dance dramas </li></ul><ul><li>Plays lasted up to 6 ½ hours </li></ul><ul><li>Main Attraction: Elaborate Costumes and Make-up </li></ul>A model of the Kabuki Theater
  5. 5. Characteristics of the Japanese Theater <ul><li>*Bunraku Theater* </li></ul><ul><li>These human size puppets is what Bunraku theater is all about! </li></ul><ul><li>The puppets are managed by 3 skilled people </li></ul><ul><li>Bunraku theater was also developed for the merchant class, yet other people came to see the plays as well. </li></ul><ul><li>A stringed instrument called the samisen was played to tell the story. If something drastic was going to happen, the music would become suspenseful. </li></ul><ul><li>Main Attraction: Human Size Puppets </li></ul>
  6. 6. Characteristics of the Japanese Theater <ul><li>*Kyogen Theater* </li></ul><ul><li>Although Kyogen was not a main theater in Japan it was still important. </li></ul><ul><li>It was preformed during breaks in the Noh shows. (Sort of like a half-time show) </li></ul><ul><li>Comedy was used to lighten the mood in the theater while the Noh actors changed costumes and make-up. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Japanese Actors <ul><li>Japanese Actors were considered outcasts because they were entertainers, and did not make anything of their own. </li></ul><ul><li>If actors perform or teach a warrior they gain great respect and pay. These actors are considered higher rank than a Noh actor. </li></ul><ul><li>Noh actors were organized into families, and were always performers from birth or adoption. If you were born into an acting family you could not be a silversmith; you must act. </li></ul><ul><li>Noh and Kabuki actors were known as Kawara-mono or &quot;river bank folk&quot; because they usually lived along the banks of rivers that commonly flooded. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Presence at the Theater <ul><li>Each theater was geared to a certain audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Noh and Kyogen theater were both geared to the warrior class. This includes, samurai, shoguns, daimyos and others. </li></ul><ul><li>Kabuki and Bunraku both appealed to the rising merchant class since they needed to entertain themselves somehow and they couldn’t go to the Noh theater. </li></ul><ul><li>Bunraku theater was not meant for kids, as the large puppets might intimidate or scare young children. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Bunraku Puppets <ul><li>Puppets were the size of an average adult. </li></ul><ul><li>Most likely passed down from families, from son to son. </li></ul><ul><li>The puppets are more elaborately dressed than the ‘puppeteers’ who dressed in all black to hide themselves from the audiences </li></ul><ul><li>Three puppeteers are needed to control the puppet. </li></ul><ul><li>First Puppeteer Right Arm </li></ul><ul><li>Second left arm </li></ul><ul><li>Third feet </li></ul><ul><li>The puppets are the ‘actors’ and they change facial expressions just like actors would </li></ul><ul><li>The puppets have movable eyes, eye brows, hands and mouth </li></ul>These are two elaborately dressed Bunraku Puppets
  10. 10. Conclusion <ul><li>The Japanese Theater is more complex and thought out than you thought! </li></ul><ul><li>It takes skill, endurance and strength to put on a play. You have to be able to realize that people will not be as nice to you if are an actor. </li></ul><ul><li>Props are handled and used with care </li></ul><ul><li>All theaters have their own attraction and they are all different </li></ul><ul><li>Different people come to different theaters </li></ul><ul><li>Even though it is a complex art, it is wonderful and relaxing to watch </li></ul>