Role In Governance


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Role In Governance

  1. 1. Role of Media in Governance Dr. Mrinal Chatterjee Professor Indian Institute of Mass Communication, Sanchar Marg, Dhenkanal 759 001, Orissa
  2. 2. This was 2005 theme for the UNESCO World Press Freedom Day.
  3. 3. What is media? <ul><li>Media is a umbrella term, which covers several medium- print, television, radio, internet, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Content wise Media can cover news, entertainment and education. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Which media are we talking about? <ul><li>Here, we are primarily talking about news-media in print, television, radio, internet and new media format. </li></ul><ul><li>We’ll also include alternative and social media </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why? <ul><li>Because media is important </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It influences people at the grass roots as well as decision makers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can media influence? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Watch the following cartoon… </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Media works, because <ul><li>It enjoys credibility, built over years of faith and trust </li></ul><ul><li>It is perceived to be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Truthful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unbiased </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledgeable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Having basic humane values </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Having a moral universe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Having social responsibility </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. More reasons, why media is important <ul><ul><li>It informs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It acts as a platform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It forms opinion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It shapes perceptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It reinforces belief </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It influences people at the grass roots as well as decision makers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It prompts action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can act as a catalyst in a change process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can inflict serious damage on the reputation of a company/individual </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. “ In the present Indian context, media plays an important role in the exertion of power and distribution of values” .
  9. 10. “ Media affects the overall quality of public life and also shapes people’s engagement in the specific policy decisions in the Indian democracy”.
  10. 11. Please note that media in India is not a homogeneous entity
  11. 12. There are at least 3 major media traditions in modern India <ul><li>Diverse, pluralistic and relatively independent press </li></ul><ul><li>State-controlled radio and television </li></ul><ul><li>Media outfits of various subaltern groups and their organizations </li></ul>
  12. 13. What is Governance? <ul><li>Govern (v): Control with authority </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct policy and affairs of a country or organization </li></ul><ul><li>Determine course of action </li></ul><ul><li>Keep under control </li></ul>
  13. 14. Why should media play a role in governance? <ul><ul><li>In democracy governance needs willingness of the people to be governed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That willingness stems from the feeling that it is for their good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For that feeling information is essential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media can provide information, shape perception and influence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It has a stake in doing this. Its survival as an independent entity depend on this. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is also its source of power. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. What roles media can play in governance? <ul><ul><li>Media as a Watchdog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media as an Informer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media as a Platform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media as an Enabler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media as a Public sphere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch this scene… </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Roles media can play in governance Media as a Watchdog <ul><li>It is said that sunshine is the best disinfectant. </li></ul><ul><li>That somebody is watching me- is the best deterrent to lot of social maladies like corruption </li></ul>
  16. 17. Roles media can play in governance Media as an Informer <ul><li>Democracy implies participative governance, and it is media that informs people about various problems of society, which makes those wielding power on their behalf answerable to them. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Roles media can play in governance Media as a platform <ul><ul><li>People can participate in governance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air their grievances </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Roles media can play in governance Media as an Enabler <ul><li>Media increases people’s access to information. Information that brings them power and prosperity. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>consumption and Development: Kerala and Bihar </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Roles media can play in governance Media as a Public sphere <ul><li>People can air and share their ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Issues can be discussed. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socially responsible journalism is a struggle to gain public space within the private sphere. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. How can Media play its role in governance effectively <ul><li>Media should be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proactive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informed </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Media alone cannot credibly consolidate democracy and ensure good governance, and must be supported by legislative and judiciary institutions.
  22. 23. What can be done to help Media play its role in governance <ul><li>Consider Media as an ally </li></ul><ul><li>Provide information for dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t try to hide/mislead </li></ul>
  23. 24. Articles you can read… <ul><li> </li></ul>
  24. 25. Books you can refer.. <ul><li>Bland Michael, The Art and Science of Public Relations: Effective Media Relations: How to get results, Vol-1, Crest Publishing House, New Delhi. </li></ul><ul><li>Treadwell Donald F. Public Relations Writing: Principles in Practice, Sage Publications, London </li></ul><ul><li>Shrivastava K.M., Public Relations in the Digital Era, Pilgrims Publishing, Varanasi </li></ul>
  25. 26. Surf the following sites for more info. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> media -tips-eng.pdf </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  26. 27. Thank You. I’ll be grateful for your feedback. [email_address] 06762 225975, 224274