Unit 1 Notable Colonial Events

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Unit 1 Notable Colonial Events

  1. 1. Notable Events and New Ideas Shape the Colonies
  2. 2. 1691 – After years of conflict, King issues new charter for Massachusetts colony  Requires more religious tolerance  Weakens political power of the Puritans 1692 – Salem Witch Trials  Hysteria and accusations of witchcraft  Becomes “neighbor vs. neighbor” land grab  False accusations and religious extremism  Executions of innocent people; further erodes Puritanism
  3. 3. 1734 – Zenger Trial  Zenger accused of LIBEL for criticizing royal governor  Found innocent because what he printed was true  Established precedent of Freedom of the Press in America
  4. 4.   Growth of major cities: Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Charleston - cities face challenges including fire, sanitation issues, etc. Founding of American Universities    Harvard – 1636 Yale - 1701 Princeton – 1746 Started to train Puritan minsters, but curriculum changes to reflect intellectual movements of the time…
  5. 5. The Enlightenment Intellectual movement that emphasized the use of reason and the scientific method to gain knowledge. John Locke as key Enlightenment thinker All people are born with certain rights that cannot be taken away!
  6. 6. Locke's 3 Rights:-Life-Liberty-Property Locke's SOCIAL CONTRACT is the basis of MODERN DEMOCRACY - - says that Government only has power because the people have given it power...the job of government is to protect the rights of the people!
  7. 7. Benjamin Franklin – Probably the greatest Enlightenment figure in the colonies  Scientist  Writer  Political Thinker
  8. 8. The Great Awakening – Period of religious revival in 1730’s and 40’s  New denominations formed; Enlightenment thought appealed to intellectuals; Great Awakening appeals to more common people Seem to be odds, but have a similar effect:  Challenging established authority  Emphasis on individual  Questioning of Britain’s traditional authority
  9. 9. Jonathan EdwardsMinister who drove the Great Awakening in America with his fiery sermons  “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”
  10. 10.      Colonies are prosperous; Salutary Neglect Population is growing Enlightenment ideas are changing the way people think about government The Great Awakening is changing the face of American religion These movements and economic motives are uniting the colonies in new ways.

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