Unit 1 Atlantic Slave Trade

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Unit 1 Atlantic Slave Trade

  1. 1. AMERICAN HISTORY: UNIT 1 LECTURE 3 TH E ATLANTI C S LAV E TR ADE
  2. 2. BACKGROUND TO SLAVE TRADE • Both sugar plantations and tobacco farms required a lot of labor. Europeans had planned to use Native Americas for labor. Problems with Native People as workers: • A. Familiarity with land/easy to escape • B. Disease • C. Not used to hard labor
  3. 3. BACKGROUND TO SLAVE TRADE • Because of these problems, Europeans in the New World look to a new source for workers African Slaves • Slavery already occurred in West Africa – Europeans take advantage of it
  4. 4. DEMAND FOR SLAVES IN THE NEW WORLD For Europeans in America, African slaves were a good solution. Why? 1. They were resistant to disease 2. They knew how to farm 3. Didn't know the land 4. Skin color made them easy to identify
  5. 5. THE ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE • ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE soon develops. • ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE = the buying and selling of Africans for work in the New World. • Starts with Spanish and Portuguese – Most slaves end up in BRAZIL
  6. 6. ENGLISH COLONISTS NEED FOR SLAVES • When the English colonized America, they often brought INDENTURED SERVANTS • INDENTURED SERVANT - A person who agreed to work in America for a specific period of time in exchange for passage.
  7. 7. INDENTURED SERVANTS Problems with Indentured Servants  • Eventually they are allowed to go free. • Freed Servants Need Land • Causes conflicts in society
  8. 8. BACON'S REBELLION • Group of Virginians some of them freed servants - demand Indian lands • Governor of VA wants to keep peace, sides with Indians • Rebels, led by Nathaniel Bacon, burn Jamestown and nearly kill the governor
  9. 9. RESULTS OF BACON’S REBELLION • Scares the Nobles of Virginia • Start looking at a source of labor that won't cause these types of problems African slaves. • Why? Because they will never be free!
  10. 10. THE SLAVERY BUSINESS • England and English Colonies quickly become largest carrier of slaves • From 1690 to 1807, English transport ~ 1.7 Million slaves to Americas • 400,000 land in todays U.S.
  11. 11. TRIANGULAR TRADE Transatlantic trade involving slaves, raw materials, and manufactured goods. 1
  12. 12. THE MIDDLE PASSAGE • Trip from Africa to the Americas was known as the Middle Passage • Marked by terrible cruelty and awful conditions
  13. 13. FINAL FIGURES • Over 12 Million Africans were enslaved in The Americas • Only about 5% came to the modern U.S. – Most to Southern Colonies • The SLAVE TRADE was outlawed in 1808
  14. 14. 1. From http://www.irespect.net

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