Southern Africa

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Geography and brief history of Southern Africa

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Southern Africa

  1. 1. Unit: Africa
  2. 2. Do Now: Look at the pictures on the right. Answer the questions: 1) What do you see? 2) What does it mean? 3) How do you know?
  3. 3. A. Plateaus and Mountains: - Mostly lies on a large plateau.
  4. 4. B. Plains: - Most of the plateaus are covered by grassy open areas.
  5. 5. C. Rivers: - Okavango River, Orange, River, Li mpopo River.
  6. 6. D. Savanna and Desert: - Open grasslands and Namib and Kalahari Deserts cover majority of the region.
  7. 7. E. Tropical Forests: - Some areas contain lush forests that are home to many types of animals.
  8. 8. F. Natural Resources: - Timber, crops, gold, c oal, copper, iron.
  9. 9. G. Social Issues: - High rates of infant mortality, HIV/AIDS, h unger, homelessness, and social injustice.
  10. 10. 1) Look at the map on the following slide. 2) Get color pencils 3) Fill in your blank map. Label and color it in. 4) Make sure that each country is a different color and labeled properly.
  11. 11. 1) Get out a blank sheet of paper. 2) Go to each map station. 3) Review the maps. 4) Answer the questions about each map at each station on your paper.
  12. 12. Answer the following question on the post it that has been given to you. What characteristics make Southern Africa a region?
  13. 13. Do Now: Look at the picture on the right. Answer the questions: 1) What do you see? 2) What does it mean? 3) How do you know?
  14. 14. A. Drakensberg Mountains: - Mountains in the east with escarpment of steep face at the edge of a plateau.
  15. 15. B. Plains: - Home to lions, leopards, elepha nts, baboons, and antelope.
  16. 16. C. Rivers: - Okavango: flows out of Angola and into Botswana. - Orange: flows over many waterfalls before reaching Atlantic. - Limpopo: waterfalls and other obstacles prevent from sailing.
  17. 17. D. Savanna and Desert: - Namib Desert: driest area in the region. Receives less than one half inch of rain a year. - Kalahari Desert: low, flat, sandy areas.
  18. 18. E. Tropical Forests: - Exist in Madagascar. Home to lemurs and lush vegetation.
  19. 19. 1) Get out a sheet of paper. 2) Look at the physical maps of Southern Africa. 3) Answer the questions that go along with them.
  20. 20. 1) Get into groups. 2) Separate, do not distract or talk to other groups. 3) Read your reading and fill in the matrix. 4) When all groups are finished one person will present and others will walk around and fill in matrix.
  21. 21. Answer the question below on the post it that you have been given. What are the physical features of Southern Africa and how have they impacted the people of the region?
  22. 22. Do Now: Look at the picture on the right. Answer the questions: 1) What do you see? 2) What does it mean? 3) How do you know?
  23. 23. A. Khoisan: - Earliest people in Southern Africa. Were hunter gatherers.
  24. 24. B. Shona: - A Bantu group that built an empire in the 1400s. - Raised cattle and traded gold. C. Great Zimbabwe: - Stone-walled town that was capital. Great trading center. Will decline only 100 years later.
  25. 25. D. Europeans: - Many Europeans explored Southern Africa and some even settled there, setting up trading posts.
  26. 26. Skip to readings slide then come back.
  27. 27. E. Portuguese: - First to explore Southern Africa.
  28. 28. F. Dutch: - First to settle in the area. Set up trading post near Cape of Good Hope.
  29. 29. G. British: - British fought wars with Bantu groups. - Captured slaves.
  30. 30. H. Afrikaners and Boers: - Afrikaners: Descendants of Dutch, French, and German settler in South Africa. - Boers: Afrikaner farmers who were forced north by the
  31. 31. 1) Get into groups. 2) Separate, do not talk to or distract other groups. 3) Read your readings and fill in your part of the matrix. 4) When everyone is finished, one partner will present, others will visit other groups to gather info. and finish matrix.
  32. 32. 1) Look at your group’s images. 2) Answer the following about each: What is this a picture of? What does it mean? How do you know?
  33. 33. 1) Get out a sheet of paper . 2) Imagine that you are part of one of the cultures in Southern Africa we have discussed. 3) Create a journal entry of at least one paragraph in which you describe your culture and how you have been affected by others.
  34. 34. Answer the following question on the index card that has been given to you. What are the cultures of Southern Africa and how did they begin?
  35. 35. Do Now: Look at the picture on the right. Answer the questions: 1) What do you see? 2) What does it mean? 3) How do you know?
  36. 36. A. People: - Hundreds of ethnic groups, some small, some large. B. Language: - Most belong to Khoisan or Bantu families. English is common.
  37. 37. C. Religion: - Europeans introduced Christianity and today most are Christian. D. Art: - Christian Art, ethnic designs, tapestries, st atues, beadwork.
  38. 38. E. Government: - Republics with elected presidents. F. Resources and Industries: - Gold, platinum, chromi um, tourism.
  39. 39. G. Independence: - Beginning in 1960s many former colonies gained independence. Some peacefully, others fought. - H. Apartheid: - Placed restrictions on hoe people could live, segregation.
  40. 40. A. Poverty: - One of the most serious issues facing the region. - B. Droughts: - Destroy food and creates unemployment – people cannot escape poverty.
  41. 41. C. Disease: - Many people HIV positive. Governments are working to stop spread. - D. Deforestation: - Madagascar facing serious deforestation. Namibia first country in world to include environmental protection in constitution.
  42. 42. 1) Look at the images of Southern African Art you have been given. 2) Answer the following about each: What is this an image of? How do you know? What does it mean?
  43. 43. Watch the clip below then discuss: http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=qtJjdjdDaOs
  44. 44. 1) Look at the maps you have been given. 2) Answer the questions that correspond to each with the maps.
  45. 45. Watch the clip below and discuss: http://www.bbc.co.uk/lea rningzone/clips/socialand-economic-issuesfacing-southafrica/4059.html

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