Latin American Holidays


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Latin American Holidays

  2. 2. On a sheet of paper answer: 1) What do you see? 2) What does it mean? 3) How do you know?
  3. 3. THINK PAIR SHARE On your “Do Now” Paper: 1)List the holidays that you and your family celebrate and how you celebrate. 2)Pair up. 3)Share your list with each other. 4)Share with the class.
  4. 4. PATRON SAINT’S DAY A. Patron Saint’s Day: - Every town is associated with a particular saint and a festival is held in honor of this saint. - The festival lasts from 1 to 10 days depending on the importance of the saint and the town. 1) Who celebrates Patron Saint’s Day? 2) In your own words what is Patron Saint’s Day?
  5. 5. ALL SAINT’S DAY B. Religion based: -Since Latin America has such a large Catholic population, these festivals are religiously based. 1) Does this happen in America? Do Americans celebrate religious holidays?
  6. 6. ALL SAINT’S DAY C. Traditions: - Street parties, processions, huge dances in town’s central plaza, masked figures, traveling fairs, food, music, bullfighting, fireworks, rodeos, in some places soccer tournaments, horse races, beauty contests. 1) How does this compare and compare and contrast with America?
  7. 7. CHRISTMAS A. Christmas: - Attend church, hold festivals, and give gifts. - Papa Noel brings children presents. - Lasts anywhere from December 15 to Dec. 25 depending on location. 1) Is this like or unlike America? How so? 2) Can you infer what Christmas is based on it Latin America? How do you know?
  8. 8. CHRISTMAS B. Religion based: Since Latin America has such a large Catholic population , Christmas is centered around Catholicism. 1) So far do you agree or disagree that religion plays a big role in Latin America? Why?
  9. 9. CHRISTMAS C. Traditions: -Singing and praying at friends’ homes, attend Mass at church, food, exchanging gifts, Christmas trees, fireworks.
  10. 10. NEW YEARS A. New Year’s Day: - Celebrations of the New Year in January. - Some areas such as Costa Rica celebrate as long as a week. 1) Based on what we already know, what do you think New Years is based on?
  11. 11. NEW YEAR’S B. Religion Based: -Catholics attend Mass at Church. Others celebrate goddesses or patron saints of sea, sky, or other natural features.
  12. 12. NEW YEARS C. Traditions: -Attend mass or other religious celebrations, family dinners, buy or make new clothes, bonfires, and gifts.
  13. 13. DIA DE LOS MUERTOS: DAY OF THE DEAD A. Day of the Dead: - Originated in Europe, introduced by Spanish colonizers, and blended with Aztec beliefs. - Takes place from Nov. 1 to Nov. 2 1) What difference do you already notice between Halloween and Dia de los Muertos?
  14. 14. DIA DE LOS MUERTOS: DAY OF THE DEAD B. Religion Based: -Very spiritually based for Catholics and those with local traditional religions. 1) Now that we have covered many major holidays all based on religion, how important do you think religion is Latin America?
  15. 15. DIA DE LOS MUERTOS: DAY OF THE DEAD C. Traditions: -Flowers placed on graves and mausoleums of departed family members. Kites released to symbolize release of souls. Breads created, marigolds planted and placed around home, altars created to commemorate the dead, and candlelight vigils held at cemeteries.
  16. 16. LET’S EXAMINE DIA DE LOS MUERTOS MORE CLOSELY Dia de los Muertos will begin in Latin America tomorrow. Though other Holidays are important let’s take a more in depth look at the Day of the Dead! 1) Pass out Dia de los Muertos readings and guiding questions. 2) We will read the first paragraph together. 3) In partners read the rest of the reading either silently or partner reading. 4) Discuss and answer the guiding questions on one sheet of paper with both partners names on it. 5) We will go over answers together.
  17. 17. LET’S DISTINGUISH BETWEEN HALLOWEEN AND DIA DE LOS MUERTOS As you read yesterday, people often get the Day of the Dead and Halloween confused. Let’s distinguish between the two by categorizing which items belong to which Holiday. 1) Raise your hand to come to the SMARTBoard and place an item in its correct location. 2) Be able to explain why you categorized an item the way you did.
  18. 18. ALTARS Yesterday, you read a little about Dia de los Muertos and the altars that created in honor of people’s ancestors. These altars are one of the most important components of the Day of the Dead celebration as they represent loved ones who are no long with families. If you were unable to bring items: -Create a write up explaining what would be on your altar and why. -Create your altar. -Place this write up on the altar. 1) What types of things are placed on the altars? 2) You were asked to bring things that you would want to be placed on your altar if you were away and wanted people to remember you. What did you bring? 3) You are going to place these items on an altar and explain in writing why your altar best represents you. 4) You will perform a gallery walk and grade each other’s altar with a rubric.
  19. 19. ALTAR SET UP 1) You have each been given a number and these numbers are also posted around the room. This is where your altar is to be set up. 2) Get out your items or write up that you have brought to place on your altar. Gather other materials such as skeleton puppets, marigolds, food, and anything else you wish to place on your altar. 1) Separate, go to your altar, and set up. DO NOT DISTRACT OTHERS. 2) Write a paragraph explanation of what is on your altar, why it is there, how it represents you, and how it is similar to actual Latin American altars.
  20. 20. GALLERY WALK 1) You need a notebook or notebook paper and a pencil or pen. 2) You will travel around the room silently and take notes on each altar and its contents. 3) You must visit each altar, take a moment to appreciate the altar and read about it. Grade each other’s altar with the “Met” “Not Yet” rubric. • When we are all finished we will come back as class and share out.
  21. 21. RUBRIC
  22. 22. EXIT TICKET - Let’s be sure that we are mature. -If responses are inappropriate I will shut down the poll and we will use index cards to respond.