Imperialism and
World War I
Goals 6 and 8
A. Imperialism:
- When a stronger
nation attempts to
create an empire by
dominating weaker
nations –
economically,
politic...
B. Frederick Turner’s
Thesis:
- Western Frontier has
closed and no more
land in America is to
be discovered.
C. Spheres of
Influence:
- Areas of political and
economic control in
China.
- America and other
powers such as
Britain, F...
D. Alfred T. Mahan:
- Writes Influence of
Sea Power Upon
History.
- Argues that America’s
success rests on
finding new mar...
E. Anglo-Saxon
Superiority:
- Helping natives or
“heathens” by
spreading Christianity
and modern society.
- Favored by Jos...
A. Seward’s Folly:
- Secretary of State
William H. Seward
purchased Alaska from
Russia. Many people
were against the
purch...
B. Annexation of
Hawaii:
- After a power struggle
between Hawaiian
royalty and planters,
Congress approved the
annexation ...
C. Queen Liliuokalani:
- With the help of
pineapple planter,
Sanford Dole, Queen
Liliuokalani was removed
from her throne ...
D. Panama Canal:
- Built under T.
Roosevelt’s
administration in order
to provide a shorter
route between the
Pacific and A...
Answer this
question on a
sheet of paper.

Can magazine,
newspaper, and online
articles be enough to
start an entire war??
A. Cuba:
- Cubans begin to rebel
against their
government.

- Ask for help from
America but are
repeatedly turned down.
- ...
B. USS Maine:
- Mysteriously blows up
in Havana harbor.
- U.S. blames on Spain.
C. De Lome Letter:
- Letter found by
America that insulted
President McKinley.
D. Yellow Journalism:
- News stories that
sensationalized
events in Cuba.
- William Randolph
Hearst and Joseph
Pulitzer.
E. Jingoism:
- Yellow Journalism led
to extreme bursts of
national pride.
F. “Splendid Little
War”:
- Fought in Cuba and
the Philippines.
- Called this as it only
lasted 100 days.
G. Rough Riders:
- Group of cowboys,
convicts, and tough
guys.
- Led by Theodore
Roosevelt.
H. San Juan Hill:
- Rough Riders and
Theodore Roosevelt
charge up San Juan
Hill.
- Most famous battle in
the war.
I. Treaty of Paris:
- Ended the war.
- $20 million for Cuba’s
independence and
U.S. got Philippines,
Guam, and Puerto
Rico...
J. Teller Amendment:
- U.S. not to annex Cuba.
K. Platt Amendment:
- Cuba creates constitution.
- Cuban government could
n...
• You have been given a number.
• These numbers are posted around the room.
• Go to these numbers.
• Now that you are at your station: you and your
partner will answer the questions on the board
based on the image at your...
• You will now create your own Yellow Journalism
Article on a modern person, event, or issue.
• You must include:

- Image...
• Based on the creations you have made you will
perform a gallery walk.
• You will visit each creation for 2 minutes.
• Yo...
MET

Not Yet
1) In your own words explain the quote above.
2) Who would America show diplomacy
toward?
3) Based on this what are we tal...
A. Diplomacy:
- How a country deals
with foreign affairs.
B. “Big Stick
Diplomacy”:
- President Roosevelt’s
philosophy on foreign
affairs.
C. Roosevelt
Corollary:
- U.S. does not want
more territory but just
wanted to protect the
smaller and weaker
ones.

- Add...
D. Open Door Policy:
- Ensure that America
has an opportunity to
access Chinese
markets.
- China is reluctant to
be under ...
E. Boxer Rebellion:
- 300 foreigners and
Christians killed in
China.
- Resulted from Open
Door Policy.
F. “Dollar Diplomacy”:
- President Taft’s
philosophy on
diplomacy.
- Substitute dollars for
bullets. Invest in
smaller and...
G. Missionary (Moral)
Diplomacy:
- President Wilson’s
approach to
diplomacy.
- Help smaller and
weaker nations only
when i...
A. Anti-Imperialism
League:
- Many argued that if
the United States took
over nations, those
nations’ citizens
should be e...
B. Others:
- White Southerners
believed imperialism
meant absorbing more
races into America.
- Others believed it to
be ex...
• Pass out Roosevelt Corollary Article/Excerpt.
• I will read the second paragraph.
• Who will read the third, fourth, etc...
• Pass out Presidents Charts.
• Using notes, Roosevelt Corollary Article, and
other information that you have been provide...
• Compare and contrast the policies.
• How are they alike? How are they different?
•
•
-

Write a 1 – 2 paragraph response...
On a Sheet of Paper:
How could imperialism lead to conflict between
many different nations? Explain.
A. Short-Term
Causes:
- Assassination of
Archduke Ferdinand.
- Countries involved in
alliances.
B. Archduke
Ferdinand:
- Heir to the AustroHungarian Empire,
and his wife were
killed on a visit to
Bosnia. AustriaHungary...
C. Alliance System:
- Other countries
brought into war as
they back other
nations with money
and support.
• Turn to your neighbor.
• Review the short term causes of WWI and
discuss.
• Create a pair summary (IN YOUR OWN
WORDS) of...
• You have been given a memoir from Count Franz
von Harrach who was at the scene of the
assassination.
• Read the memoir e...
D. Long Term Causes:
- Militarism, Alliances,
Imperialism,
Nationalism
E. Militarism:
- Nations of Europe had
been building up their
armies and weapons.
F. Alliances:
- European countries
had created a system
of alliances to keep a
balance of power.
G. Imperialism:
- European countries
had been competing
for influence around
the world.
H. Nationalism:
- Countries wanted to
gain power and took
actions that were in
their own interest.
Turn to your neighbor.
Review the long term causes of
WWI and discuss.
Create a pair summary (IN YOUR
OWN WORDS) of the sh...
What is a mnemonic
device?
Any learning device that
helps you retain
information learned.

Causes of WWI:
M – Militarism
A...
• Let’s make sure that we have understood the
story that is the causes of WWI.
• Using the History Frames you have been gi...
A. Allies:
- Russia, France, Great
Britain.
B. Central Powers:
- Germany, AustriaHungary, Ottoman
Empire.
C. United States:
- Remained
neutral/isolationist in
the beginning to
protect trade.
Look at the image on
the right.
Analyze it.

Record your response
on a sheet of paper.
A. Trench Warfare:
-Armies dug long
trenches in which they
hid, they would stand
and shoot out the top
short distances awa...
B. “No Man’s Land”:
- Unoccupied region
between the two
armies.
C. Mustard Gas:
- Efficient way to kill a
large number of
people.
- Created gas masks to
protect army.
D. Tanks and
Airplanes:
- Made travel across
land easier.
- Planes allow for aerial
warfare and bomb
droppings.
http://www,youtube.com/watch?v=WV_KLJKikfc
Respond to the following:

1) WWI was the first modern war. Yes? No? How So?
2)...
• You have been given a number.
• That number is somewhere in the room.
• Go to your part of the room and meet your
partne...
• Separate desks to form two rows.
• Get paper to create “grenades.”
• No Man’s Land is in the center.
• You may go into N...
1) In what ways did technology change as a result of
the ensuing World War
2) What types of technology were invented and w...
Of the information, issues, and incidents you have
learned about…Which is most likely to bring
America into WWI?
Record yo...
A. U-Boat Submarine
Warfare:
- German submarines
were attacking
unarmed Ally
merchant and
passenger ships
without warning....
B. Lusitania:
- British passenger ship,
torpedoed and sunk,
killing over 1200,
including 128
Americans.
C. Sussex:
- Frenc...
D. Sussex Pledge:
- Germany promised to
begin warning ships
before they attacked.
- Germany ends the
pledge and U.S.
break...
E. Election of 1916:
- Woodrow Wilson
reelected as he kept
America out of the war
in the beginning.
F. Zimmerman
Telegram:
- A telegram from
Germany to Mexico
was intercepted
Germany attempted to
convince Mexico to
declare...
How does a nation prepare for war?

Record your responses on a sheet of paper.
Analyze the image above on your DO
NOW.
A. Great Migration:
- African Americans
move North for factory
jobs.
B. Boards:
- War Industries Board,
War Labor Board, a...
C. Committee on
Public Information:
- George Creel was
appointed by
President Wilson to
head this war
propagation
committe...
1) You have each been given a propaganda
poster.
2) You will analyze the poster with the following
questions:
- What is th...
D. Food
Administration:
- Herbert Hoover
headed this
organization during
WWI, designed to
conserve food at
home so that it...
E. War Industries
Board:
- Established to
mobilize the nation's
resources for war
while protecting the
economy's basic
str...
F. Espionage and
Sedition Acts:
- Provided the
government with
powers over the rights
of free speech and
press.
A. Wilson’s Fourteen
Points:
- Stated support for
open peace
covenants, no secret
agreements, freedom
of the seas, free tr...
B. League of Nations:
- A proposal of a group of
countries that would
keep peace, presented
to Senate in what
became known...
C. “The Big Four”:
- These were the four
men that were
responsible for creating
the peace after WWI.
They were President
W...
D. Treaty of Versailles:
- France was given
territory; The German
Rhineland area would
be demilitarized.
- England and the...
1) You have been given a reading and an
opinion sheet.
2) You will partner up and share these.
3) Read the reading and ans...
1) Listen to the Flocabulary rap about WW1.
2) Follow along with your printed lyrics.
3) Underline, highlight, circle ever...
E. Washington Naval
Conference:
- International
conference called by
the United States to
limit the naval arms
race and to...
F. Dawes Plan:
- American investors
loaned Germany $2.5
billion to pay back
Britain and France
with annual payments
on a f...
1) List at least two ways in which the United
States prepared for/participated in the war.
2) Why did America get involved...
Goals 6 and 8
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Goals 6 and 8

  1. 1. Imperialism and World War I Goals 6 and 8
  2. 2. A. Imperialism: - When a stronger nation attempts to create an empire by dominating weaker nations – economically, politically, culturally, and/or militarily.
  3. 3. B. Frederick Turner’s Thesis: - Western Frontier has closed and no more land in America is to be discovered.
  4. 4. C. Spheres of Influence: - Areas of political and economic control in China. - America and other powers such as Britain, France, and Germany were looking for these.
  5. 5. D. Alfred T. Mahan: - Writes Influence of Sea Power Upon History. - Argues that America’s success rests on finding new markets and having a two sea navy.
  6. 6. E. Anglo-Saxon Superiority: - Helping natives or “heathens” by spreading Christianity and modern society. - Favored by Josiah Strong.
  7. 7. A. Seward’s Folly: - Secretary of State William H. Seward purchased Alaska from Russia. Many people were against the purchase, which is why it became known as “Seward’s Folly.”
  8. 8. B. Annexation of Hawaii: - After a power struggle between Hawaiian royalty and planters, Congress approved the annexation of Hawaii in order to protect its world trade.
  9. 9. C. Queen Liliuokalani: - With the help of pineapple planter, Sanford Dole, Queen Liliuokalani was removed from her throne and Hawaii was declared a republic.
  10. 10. D. Panama Canal: - Built under T. Roosevelt’s administration in order to provide a shorter route between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. - Provided for faster and cheaper global shipping as well as increased naval speed in a time of war.
  11. 11. Answer this question on a sheet of paper. Can magazine, newspaper, and online articles be enough to start an entire war??
  12. 12. A. Cuba: - Cubans begin to rebel against their government. - Ask for help from America but are repeatedly turned down. - Begin setting fire to American sugar plantations.
  13. 13. B. USS Maine: - Mysteriously blows up in Havana harbor. - U.S. blames on Spain.
  14. 14. C. De Lome Letter: - Letter found by America that insulted President McKinley.
  15. 15. D. Yellow Journalism: - News stories that sensationalized events in Cuba. - William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer.
  16. 16. E. Jingoism: - Yellow Journalism led to extreme bursts of national pride.
  17. 17. F. “Splendid Little War”: - Fought in Cuba and the Philippines. - Called this as it only lasted 100 days.
  18. 18. G. Rough Riders: - Group of cowboys, convicts, and tough guys. - Led by Theodore Roosevelt.
  19. 19. H. San Juan Hill: - Rough Riders and Theodore Roosevelt charge up San Juan Hill. - Most famous battle in the war.
  20. 20. I. Treaty of Paris: - Ended the war. - $20 million for Cuba’s independence and U.S. got Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico. - U.S. military government in Cuba for 3 years.
  21. 21. J. Teller Amendment: - U.S. not to annex Cuba. K. Platt Amendment: - Cuba creates constitution. - Cuban government could not enter any foreign agreements, it must allow the US to have naval bases in Cuba, and it gave the US permission to intervene in Cuba whenever the US deemed necessary.
  22. 22. • You have been given a number. • These numbers are posted around the room. • Go to these numbers.
  23. 23. • Now that you are at your station: you and your partner will answer the questions on the board based on the image at your station. • You will do this on one sheet of paper. Put both names on the paper. • You will have 4 minutes at each station then you will switch.
  24. 24. • You will now create your own Yellow Journalism Article on a modern person, event, or issue. • You must include: - Image that you have drawn depicting person, event, or issue. - Caption or title that is over-sensationalized. - Description of how your creation relates to those from the Spanish American War.
  25. 25. • Based on the creations you have made you will perform a gallery walk. • You will visit each creation for 2 minutes. • You will SILENTLY view each one as if in an art gallery. • You will grade each one on a rubric. • I will tell you when to move stations.
  26. 26. MET Not Yet
  27. 27. 1) In your own words explain the quote above. 2) Who would America show diplomacy toward? 3) Based on this what are we talking about today?
  28. 28. A. Diplomacy: - How a country deals with foreign affairs.
  29. 29. B. “Big Stick Diplomacy”: - President Roosevelt’s philosophy on foreign affairs.
  30. 30. C. Roosevelt Corollary: - U.S. does not want more territory but just wanted to protect the smaller and weaker ones. - Added to the Monroe Doctrine.
  31. 31. D. Open Door Policy: - Ensure that America has an opportunity to access Chinese markets. - China is reluctant to be under influence of foreign nations.
  32. 32. E. Boxer Rebellion: - 300 foreigners and Christians killed in China. - Resulted from Open Door Policy.
  33. 33. F. “Dollar Diplomacy”: - President Taft’s philosophy on diplomacy. - Substitute dollars for bullets. Invest in smaller and weaker nations’ economies.
  34. 34. G. Missionary (Moral) Diplomacy: - President Wilson’s approach to diplomacy. - Help smaller and weaker nations only when it felt morally obligated.
  35. 35. A. Anti-Imperialism League: - Many argued that if the United States took over nations, those nations’ citizens should be entitled to the same rights as US citizens.
  36. 36. B. Others: - White Southerners believed imperialism meant absorbing more races into America. - Others believed it to be expensive.
  37. 37. • Pass out Roosevelt Corollary Article/Excerpt. • I will read the second paragraph. • Who will read the third, fourth, etc.? • When we are finished answer the comprehension questions that are on the back. • SHARE OUT!
  38. 38. • Pass out Presidents Charts. • Using notes, Roosevelt Corollary Article, and other information that you have been provided with: - Describe the diplomacy of each president listed in your OWN words. • We will fill in Roosevelt as a class.
  39. 39. • Compare and contrast the policies. • How are they alike? How are they different? • • - Write a 1 – 2 paragraph response. Be sure to: Show how they are similar. Show how they are different. Explain which one you think the people of Latin America preferred and why. - Explain which one you prefer and why.
  40. 40. On a Sheet of Paper: How could imperialism lead to conflict between many different nations? Explain.
  41. 41. A. Short-Term Causes: - Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. - Countries involved in alliances.
  42. 42. B. Archduke Ferdinand: - Heir to the AustroHungarian Empire, and his wife were killed on a visit to Bosnia. AustriaHungary declared war on Serbia (thinking they were behind the attack).
  43. 43. C. Alliance System: - Other countries brought into war as they back other nations with money and support.
  44. 44. • Turn to your neighbor. • Review the short term causes of WWI and discuss. • Create a pair summary (IN YOUR OWN WORDS) of the short term causes of World War I.
  45. 45. • You have been given a memoir from Count Franz von Harrach who was at the scene of the assassination. • Read the memoir excerpt and record your reactions in the blank space below the excerpt. • Read the directions on the next page. • Choose a side, write a letter, and use evidence!
  46. 46. D. Long Term Causes: - Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism
  47. 47. E. Militarism: - Nations of Europe had been building up their armies and weapons.
  48. 48. F. Alliances: - European countries had created a system of alliances to keep a balance of power.
  49. 49. G. Imperialism: - European countries had been competing for influence around the world.
  50. 50. H. Nationalism: - Countries wanted to gain power and took actions that were in their own interest.
  51. 51. Turn to your neighbor. Review the long term causes of WWI and discuss. Create a pair summary (IN YOUR OWN WORDS) of the short term causes of World War I.
  52. 52. What is a mnemonic device? Any learning device that helps you retain information learned. Causes of WWI: M – Militarism A – Alliances I – Imperialism N – Nationalism MAIN Causes of WWI
  53. 53. • Let’s make sure that we have understood the story that is the causes of WWI. • Using the History Frames you have been given let’s digest the information and map it out as we have done with other events this week. • We will do the first few boxes together.
  54. 54. A. Allies: - Russia, France, Great Britain.
  55. 55. B. Central Powers: - Germany, AustriaHungary, Ottoman Empire.
  56. 56. C. United States: - Remained neutral/isolationist in the beginning to protect trade.
  57. 57. Look at the image on the right. Analyze it. Record your response on a sheet of paper.
  58. 58. A. Trench Warfare: -Armies dug long trenches in which they hid, they would stand and shoot out the top short distances away from each other.
  59. 59. B. “No Man’s Land”: - Unoccupied region between the two armies.
  60. 60. C. Mustard Gas: - Efficient way to kill a large number of people. - Created gas masks to protect army.
  61. 61. D. Tanks and Airplanes: - Made travel across land easier. - Planes allow for aerial warfare and bomb droppings.
  62. 62. http://www,youtube.com/watch?v=WV_KLJKikfc Respond to the following: 1) WWI was the first modern war. Yes? No? How So? 2) How did these inventions change the way wars are fought?
  63. 63. • You have been given a number. • That number is somewhere in the room. • Go to your part of the room and meet your partner(s). • Read your excerpt from the novel. • Recreate the scene in a skit. • Perform for the class.
  64. 64. • Separate desks to form two rows. • Get paper to create “grenades.” • No Man’s Land is in the center. • You may go into No Man’s Land to get more ammo but if you are hit, you are dead and must remain there until the next round.
  65. 65. 1) In what ways did technology change as a result of the ensuing World War 2) What types of technology were invented and what did they do? 3) Predict what this will mean at the end of the war.
  66. 66. Of the information, issues, and incidents you have learned about…Which is most likely to bring America into WWI? Record your answer on a sheet of paper.
  67. 67. A. U-Boat Submarine Warfare: - German submarines were attacking unarmed Ally merchant and passenger ships without warning. Several Americans were killed in the attacks.
  68. 68. B. Lusitania: - British passenger ship, torpedoed and sunk, killing over 1200, including 128 Americans. C. Sussex: - French ship torpedoed after Wilson had demanded Germany stop attacking.
  69. 69. D. Sussex Pledge: - Germany promised to begin warning ships before they attacked. - Germany ends the pledge and U.S. breaks ties and arms ships.
  70. 70. E. Election of 1916: - Woodrow Wilson reelected as he kept America out of the war in the beginning.
  71. 71. F. Zimmerman Telegram: - A telegram from Germany to Mexico was intercepted Germany attempted to convince Mexico to declare war on the US in return for land. - U.S. enters war to make the world safe for democracy.
  72. 72. How does a nation prepare for war? Record your responses on a sheet of paper.
  73. 73. Analyze the image above on your DO NOW.
  74. 74. A. Great Migration: - African Americans move North for factory jobs. B. Boards: - War Industries Board, War Labor Board, and Food & Fuel Administration board.
  75. 75. C. Committee on Public Information: - George Creel was appointed by President Wilson to head this war propagation committee which promoted the war domestically while publicizing American war aims abroad.
  76. 76. 1) You have each been given a propaganda poster. 2) You will analyze the poster with the following questions: - What is this poster about? - Who is it meant for? - How does it relate to the war? - Is it convincing/enticing? 3) You will present your findings to the class.
  77. 77. D. Food Administration: - Herbert Hoover headed this organization during WWI, designed to conserve food at home so that it may be provided to allied troops.
  78. 78. E. War Industries Board: - Established to mobilize the nation's resources for war while protecting the economy's basic structure and character for the peace that was to follow.
  79. 79. F. Espionage and Sedition Acts: - Provided the government with powers over the rights of free speech and press.
  80. 80. A. Wilson’s Fourteen Points: - Stated support for open peace covenants, no secret agreements, freedom of the seas, free trade, disarmament, adjustment of colonial claims, a League of Nations, and the rights of minorities.
  81. 81. B. League of Nations: - A proposal of a group of countries that would keep peace, presented to Senate in what became known as his “peace without victory” speech. Under the League of Nations, an attack on one was considered an attack on all. - U.S. does not join.
  82. 82. C. “The Big Four”: - These were the four men that were responsible for creating the peace after WWI. They were President Woodrow Wilson of the United States, the Prime Minister of Great Britain, the Premier of Italy, and the Premier of France.
  83. 83. D. Treaty of Versailles: - France was given territory; The German Rhineland area would be demilitarized. - England and the U.S. would protect France. - Germany was give full responsibility for the war and was forced to billions of dollars in war reparations.
  84. 84. 1) You have been given a reading and an opinion sheet. 2) You will partner up and share these. 3) Read the reading and answer the opinion questions that go along with it. 4) We will perform a simulation where you will paly the role you have been assigned. 5) BE SURE TO THINK AND ANSWER IN ROLES!
  85. 85. 1) Listen to the Flocabulary rap about WW1. 2) Follow along with your printed lyrics. 3) Underline, highlight, circle everything you remember us talking about as you go along. 4) We will answer the challenge questions at the end. http://www.flocabulary.com/world-war-i/
  86. 86. E. Washington Naval Conference: - International conference called by the United States to limit the naval arms race and to work out security agreements in the Pacific area.
  87. 87. F. Dawes Plan: - American investors loaned Germany $2.5 billion to pay back Britain and France with annual payments on a fixed scale.
  88. 88. 1) List at least two ways in which the United States prepared for/participated in the war. 2) Why did America get involved? Explain. 3) How might the end of World War I led to another war (WWII)?

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