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Effects of Cold War


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Effects of Cold War

  1. 1. Goal 11
  2. 2. A. “Duck and cover”: Was suggested method of personal protection against the effects of a nuclear detonation which the United States government taught to citizens during the Cold War.
  3. 3. B. Fallout Shelters: An enclosed space specially designed to protect occupants from radioactive debris from a nuclear explosion.
  4. 4. C. House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC): Created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties.
  5. 5. D. Hollywood Blacklist: Communists were said to be placing subversive messages into Hollywood films. The most famous group of blacklisted individuals was known as The Hollywood Ten, they refused to answer any questions from HUAC and were jailed by the government and blacklisted by Hollywood.
  6. 6. A. Fair Deal : Harry Truman's domestic program which built on Roosevelt's New Deal. Truman believed that the federal government should guarantee economic opportunity and social stability.
  7. 7. B. AFL-CIO: A voluntary federation of labor unions created in 1955 by the merger of the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  8. 8. A. Taft-Hartley Act: amended much of the National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act of 1935, the federal law regulating labor relations of enterprises engaged in interstate commerce. The act established control of labor disputes by enlarging the National Labor Relations Board.
  9. 9. B. National Highway Act: Authorized the building of highways throughout the nation, which would be the biggest public works project in the nation's history.
  10. 10. A. Alger Hiss : A prominent US government figure who was accused of, found guilty of, and jailed for being a communist. He fought for his innocence until his death.
  11. 11. B. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg: Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were executed for espionage in Sing Sing Prison on 19 June 1953. They had been convicted of giving American atomic secrets to the Soviets during World War II. Though the government was convinced of their guilt, many people were not and the debate over their guilt or innocence did not stop with their deaths.
  12. 12. C. National Security Act (1947): mandated a major reorganization of the foreign policy and military establishments of the U.S. Government. The act created the National Security Council (NSC).
  13. 13. D. Détente: A permanent relaxation in international affairs during the Cold War. It is a term usually associated with the relations between America, Russia and China.
  14. 14. E. S.A.L.T. I and II: Strategic Arms Limitation Talks – two rounds of talks and agreements between the US and USSR concerning nuclear arms.