Goal 9 Show 6

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Goal 9 Show 6

  1. 1. Farm Security Administration—loan money to help tenant farmer become landholders. Work Progress Administration—To create jobs for the unskilled building roads, streets, etc. Social Security Act—to provide old age pension, unemployment aid to families with children. Started in 1945. Rural Electrification Administration—to provide electricity for rural areas. More Programs 2nd New Deal
  2. 2. -2nd New Deal -programs to help farmers and farm workers -WPA Works Progress Administration -Social Security Act old age pensions, unemployment, aid to families with children -Rural Electrification Administration More Programs
  3. 3. -2nd New Deal -programs to help farmers and farm workers -WPA Works Progress Administration -Social Security Act old age pensions, unemployment, aid to families with children -Rural Electrification Administration More Programs
  4. 4. -2nd New Deal -programs to help farmers and farm workers -WPA Works Progress Administration -Social Security Act old age pensions, unemployment, aid to families with children -Rural Electrification Administration More Programs
  5. 5. -2nd New Deal -programs to help farmers and farm workers -WPA Works Progress Administration -Social Security Act old age pensions, unemployment, aid to families with children -Rural Electrification Administration More Programs
  6. 6. -2nd New Deal -programs to help farmers and farm workers -WPA Works Progress Administration -Social Security Act old age pensions, unemployment, aid to families with children -Rural Electrification Administration More Programs
  7. 7. Labor Relations Improve National Labor Relations Act known as the Wagner Acct—people have the right to unionize and anti- union practices were banned. The government has the right to be an mediator. Fair Labor Standards Act—Set up minimum wage and a 40 hour work week. First minimum wage was 25 cents per hour. These acts led to the growth of the American Federation of Labor and the Committee on Industrial Organization. (Skilled and Unskilled workers) Memorial Day Massacre—10 killed and 84 wounded when a company ordered to negotiate with works. NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp.—Company was found guilty of unfair labor practices and order to pay and rehire workers with back pay.
  8. 8. Court Packing Several New Deal Programs were ruled unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court. 1. Agricultural Adjustment Act. 2. National Relations Act. Roosevelt proposed adding new justices to the Supreme Court. It was called Court Packing. Court Packing means appointing judges who would benefit Roosevelt’s causes. Court Packing was seen as a threat to checks and balances.
  9. 9. Court Packing -Several New Deal programs ruled unconstitutional AAA, NRA -Roosevelt proposed adding new justices -seen as a threat to checks and balances
  10. 10. Women in the Depression Eleanor Roosevelt helped women and minorities. Several women were appointed to high government positions. Francis Perkins became Secretary of Labor. Working women faced resentment. Women’s wages still were lower than men. Government programs gave preferences to men.
  11. 11. Women in the Depression -Eleanor Roosevelt -several women named to high gov’t positions Francis Perkins Sec. Of Labor -working women faced resentment -women’s wages still lower than men -gov’t programs gave preferences to men
  12. 12. African Americans Mary McLeod Bethune was a Friend of Eleanor Roosevelt. 1. She was appointed head of the “Black Cabinet” to inform the president on minority affairs. Marion Anderson’s Concert 1. It was held at the Lincoln Memorial. 2. She was denied the right to sing at Constitutional Union Hall because of her color. Franklin D. Roosevelt never fully committed to civil rights. African Americans came to support the Democratic Party because of his relief programs. They became basically Democrats starting in 1946.
  13. 13. Art and Literature Many artists displayed the reality of the depression. Work Progress Administration—to provide jobs in garment making, teaching, writing and art. Grant Wood was a painter of American Gothic. Richard Wright was a Black Writer who wrote “Native Son” a young man trying to survive in a racist world. John Steinbeck wrote “The Grapes of Wrath” about the dust bowl. Zora Neal Hurston was a Black Writer who wrote during this time “Their Eyes Are Watching God” about a young women growing up in Florida.
  14. 14. Art and Literature -many artists displayed the reality of the Depression -Federal Arts Project (WPA) -Grant Wood American Gothic -Richard Wright Native Son -John Steinbeck Grapes of Wrath
  15. 15. Motion Pictures “Gone With The Wind” was a motion picture on the Civil War that came out in 1939. “Wizard of Oz” was starring Judy Garland came out in 1939. “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” was an animation by Walt Disney that came out in 1937.
  16. 16. Motion Pictures -Gone with the Wind, 1939 -Wizard of Oz, 1939 -Snow White and Seven Dwarfs, 1937
  17. 17. Entertainment Marx Brothers were known for comedy. Gangster Film: “Little Caesar” and “Public Enemy” Family Entertainment Movies: “Mr. Smith Goes To Washington” “It’s A Wonderful Life” Both portrayed honest, kindhearted people winning out over greed.
  18. 18. Radio Entertains the Masses Family Entertainment Soap Operas—”The Guiding Light” Children’s Programs: “The Green Hornet” and “The Lone Ranger” Variety Shows—Bob Hope and George Burns Orson Wells in “War of the Worlds”
  19. 19. End of the New Deal “I see 1/3 of a nation ill housed, ill-clad, and ill- nourished.” By 1937 some recovery. Government pulls back payment and depression returns. Opposition grows to continued government control. International Affairs began to take precedence. Imperialistic Nations are on the rise: Germany, Italy and Japan. Nazism, Fascism and Dictatorship.
  20. 20. End of the New Deal -”I see 1/3 of a nation ill -housed, ill-clad, ill- nourished” -by 1937, some recovery -gov’t pulls back programs and depression returns -opposition grows to continued gov’t control -international affairs begin to take precedence

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