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Introductory Class of Competition Law
-Advocate Madhab Raj Ghimire
Legal Plus P. Ltd
Email: mrghimire@hotmail.com

Madhab ...
Introduction of Competition Law

Economic background of Competition Law

Definition of Market-;
-Relevant of Market
-Produ...
Types of Competition

Price
Competition

Non-Price
Competition

Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of
Competition Law
...
Anti Competitive Practices
1. Barriers to entry
2. Predatory pricing
3. Abuse of dominance
• Refusal to supply
• Various f...
Anti-Competitive Agreements
1. Mergers, agreement or acquisition- horizontal; vertical; conglomerate; Intellectual
Propert...
State Aid
Subsidy

Grant

Rescue
grant

Waving-off
licensing
fee

Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of
Competition La...
Enforcement of Competition Law
and Regulation in Nepal
Competition Promotion and Market Protection Act, 2007

Competition ...
Possible Solution
Liberalizing Market
Access Regulation
Price regulation
Unbundling
Fair Procurement Procedure
Federal Car...
Comparative Study of
Competition Law
Nepal

Global
Context

South
Asia

EU

Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of
Comp...
Case Studies
Nepalese Banking; Financial Institution’s
Merging Initiatives by BFIs and role of Nepal
Rastra Bank (NRB)- Me...
Where are we now?
monopoly
liberalization
privatization
regulation
deregulation
perfect (complete),
competition (globaliza...
Conclusion
Competition Law is safe guard for consumers , new entrants
and small market players.
- For well functioning lib...
Any Question?

Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of
Competition Law

13
Thank you for listening me.
Appreciated.

Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of
Competition Law

14
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Introductory class of competition law (full)

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Introductory class of competition law (full)

  1. 1. Introductory Class of Competition Law -Advocate Madhab Raj Ghimire Legal Plus P. Ltd Email: mrghimire@hotmail.com Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of Competition Law 1
  2. 2. Introduction of Competition Law Economic background of Competition Law Definition of Market-; -Relevant of Market -Product and geographical Market Share Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of Competition Law 2
  3. 3. Types of Competition Price Competition Non-Price Competition Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of Competition Law 3
  4. 4. Anti Competitive Practices 1. Barriers to entry 2. Predatory pricing 3. Abuse of dominance • Refusal to supply • Various forms of contracts • Unfair prices or other conditions • Tying practices • Essential facilities • Discrimination • Market Division 4. Brand competition 5. Deep pockets- predatory pricing 6. Upstream and downstream dominance 7. Cartel (Public and private) syndicate 8. Home and Host country strategy 9. De-minis rule/Exemption Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of Competition Law 4
  5. 5. Anti-Competitive Agreements 1. Mergers, agreement or acquisition- horizontal; vertical; conglomerate; Intellectual Property Rights 2. Collusion Co2docx •Price fixation Understanding competition law Chapter 3 - Anti-competitive agreements - YouTube_2.FLV •Market allocation •Output restriction •Bid-rigging •Tie -in arrangement •Exclusive-dealing arrangement •Territorial allocation between supplier and dealer •Misleading advertisement or false representation 3. Decisions of Associations of Undertaking 4. Concerted practices 5. Restrictions of competitions Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of Competition Law 5
  6. 6. State Aid Subsidy Grant Rescue grant Waving-off licensing fee Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of Competition Law 6
  7. 7. Enforcement of Competition Law and Regulation in Nepal Competition Promotion and Market Protection Act, 2007 Competition Promotion and Market Protection Regulation, 2010 Others Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of Competition Law 7
  8. 8. Possible Solution Liberalizing Market Access Regulation Price regulation Unbundling Fair Procurement Procedure Federal Cartel/Competition Commission Strong Regulatory Authority Harmonization Competition Law across the Region Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of Competition Law 8
  9. 9. Comparative Study of Competition Law Nepal Global Context South Asia EU Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of Competition Law 9
  10. 10. Case Studies Nepalese Banking; Financial Institution’s Merging Initiatives by BFIs and role of Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB)- Merging in between Laxmi Bank and Birgunj Finance Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of Competition Law 10
  11. 11. Where are we now? monopoly liberalization privatization regulation deregulation perfect (complete), competition (globalization) Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of Competition Law 11
  12. 12. Conclusion Competition Law is safe guard for consumers , new entrants and small market players. - For well functioning liberalized market; -to lead to productive efficiency; proper operation allocative efficiency and operation of market leads dynamic efficiency; -And to promote fair , transparent and competitive business practices . Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of Competition Law 12
  13. 13. Any Question? Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of Competition Law 13
  14. 14. Thank you for listening me. Appreciated. Madhab Raj Ghimire, Introductory Class of Competition Law 14

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