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Cells Cell Parts


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Cells Cell Parts

  1. 1. EQ: What are the functions of the cell parts? <ul><li>What are the five levels of organization? </li></ul><ul><li>Cell>>>> >>>> >>>>> >>> </li></ul><ul><li>Turn in cell Drawing if you have not already. </li></ul><ul><li>Need Science book. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Cell Structure Cell Wall Cell Membrane Nucleus Cytoplasm Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosomes Mitochondrion Chloroplasts Golgi Body Vacuole
  3. 3. Cell Structure Cell Membrane Nucleus Cytoplasm Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosomes Mitochondrion Golgi Body Vacuole Lysosomes
  4. 4. Cell Parts
  5. 5. Cell Wall <ul><li>Adds structure and strength </li></ul><ul><li>Acts like shields blocking things out </li></ul><ul><li>In plants, bacteria, and fungi </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cell Membrane <ul><li>Outer layer of all cells </li></ul><ul><li>Acts like filter </li></ul><ul><li>Lets in some materials, keeps out others. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cytoplasm <ul><li>Fluid that fills the cell </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly water but thick like jello </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for organelles to move around. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Nucleus <ul><li>Controls the cell like a “brain” </li></ul><ul><li>Has DNA inside </li></ul>
  9. 9. DNA and Chromosomes <ul><li>DNA is the cells instructions </li></ul><ul><li>Chromosomes are big bundles of DNA </li></ul>
  10. 10. Endoplasmic Reticulum <ul><li>Pathway for proteins to move around cell </li></ul><ul><li>Think of a highway </li></ul>
  11. 11. Mitochondria <ul><li>Gives the cell energy </li></ul><ul><li>Burns Sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Think “Mighty Mitochondria” or Powerhouse of the cell </li></ul>
  12. 12. Ribosome <ul><li>Builds the cell proteins </li></ul>
  13. 13. Vacuole <ul><li>Storage center of the cell </li></ul><ul><li>Stores water and proteins </li></ul><ul><li>Bigger in plants </li></ul>
  14. 14. Lysosome <ul><li>Break Down and </li></ul><ul><li>Get rid of waste </li></ul><ul><li>Think LYSOL </li></ul><ul><li>for cleaning the cell </li></ul>
  15. 15. Golgi Bodies <ul><li>Mail Center </li></ul><ul><li>Sorts and delivers nutrients and materials </li></ul><ul><li>Uses Vesicles like delivery vehicles </li></ul>
  16. 16. Chloroplasts <ul><li>Where photosynthesis happens </li></ul><ul><li>Uses sunlight to make sugar. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Write the cell part for each of the following functions 1 Controls Cell 2 Pathway for proteins 3 The instructions for a cell 4 Makes the proteins 5 The part of cell where photosynthesis occurs 6 Sorts and delivers materials 7 Outer layer that lets in materials 8 Stiff outer layer of plant Cells 9 Recycling Centers 10 The fluid that fills the cell 11 Storage center of a cell