Chief of State• The Ceremonial Head of Government• Formally greets head of state• Entertains in state dinners• Performs ceremonial duties
Chief Executive • vested with “the executive Power” • It is his/her role to execute and administer laws. • Appoints several thousand officials • Supervises administration of executive department • Takes care that laws are faithfully executed
Chief Administrator•Directs the hugeexecutive branch of theFederal Government•Employs more than 2.7million civilians andspends $3 trillion a year
Chief Diplomat • Makes foreign policy • Represents U.S. in foreign relations • Makes treaties with the approval of 2/3 of Senate • Appoints ambassadors, ministers, and consuls
Commander in Chief• Civilian military leader• Chief of the Armed forces• Determines major strategies during war• Power to declare war• Uses military power in domestic disorder to reinforce laws
Chief Legislator •Introduces most legislation •Shapes congress overall agenda while in office •Vetoes bills •Recommends measures for Congress to consider •Gives Congress information on the state of the union
Chief of Party• Automatically the acknowledged leader of their party• Leads the party and shapes their agenda
Chief Citizen •the president is expected to be “the representative of all the people” •He/she is expected to take the high road and champion public interest against private interest.
Its Good to Be King… err.. President Annual Salary = $400,000 Expense Allowance = $50,000 132 room mansion Private jet, helicopter, and limo Private getaway location
Succeed the SuccessfulPresidential Succession Act of 1947• VP• Speaker of House• President pro tempore (Senate)• Secretary of State• Treasury, Defense, Attorney General~…..• 18th Secretary of Homeland Security
The jobs of “the other guy”Preside over the SenateDecide the question ofPresidential Disability“Balance the Ticket”• Sarah Palin• Joe Biden
Balance This“The most insignificant office that everthe invention of man contrived or hisimagination conceived.” ~ John AdamsUntil 1967 the VP had been vacant 18times (that’s just under half of theadministrations)9 by succession, 2 by resignation, 7 bydeath
This one’s too hot, this one’s too coldCongress chooses President Direct Election of President• President would be “under • People would not be the legislative thumb” informed enough to• Originally favored by most of choose the framers • Process could become• Congress was most familiar corrupted easily with candidates • Would lead to “disorder” (how to count all the votes)
This plan is juuuust right…. Kinda What makes a good Presidential Electors Presidential Elector? • Chosen by each state • Equal to number of Senators and “Free agents” Representatives in that “The most enlightened and state respectable citizens” from each • Each elector would cast two state electoral votes (votes for a Presidential Candidate)
So what’s the plan, Stan?Whoever gets themost votes wouldbe President.Whoever finishessecond would beVice President
Voting the Party LineElection of 1800 breaks the systemPolitically aligned Electors agree tovote/support party membersEach party nominated 2 candidates•Ideally one would win President with the other winning Vice President
Another Hiccup Along the Way Dem-Rep vote all their votes for both Jefferson and Burr resulting in a tie The Constitution did not amend for a tie Federalist disliked both candidates Congress voted 36 times before declaring Jefferson the winner
Learning from our mistakes12th amendment was passed in 1804Changed the way electoral voting worked• “The electors shall name in their ballots the person voted as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President”• What does this mean? • Still cast two votes • One for President and one for Vice-President
The Long Road to the White HouseNational Conventions• Constitution does not provide for Presidential Elections• Major parties use a system that they designed to select candidates• Delegates of the party vote on who should be their parties nomination• But how are delegates chosen? (377 – 378)
How important are Primaries?Over ¾ of all Delegates come from statesthat hold primaries.Presidential Primary: an election in which aparty’s voters choose some or all of a Stateparty delegates to the National ConventionAND express a preference for presidentialnomination
Who’s on first?New Hampshire has a law Primaries began in thestating that its primary take early 1900 to battle partyplace “one week before any boss-dominated electionsother states primaries” Each state has differentIowa holds one of the first rules for primariesCaucusesBecause of their early dates alot of front runners aredetermined here.
Mine all mineWinner-take-all: the candidate who won thepreference vote automatically wins the supportof all of the delegates chosen at that primaryProportional representation: any candidate whoseeks the parties nomination AND wins at least15% of the votes cast at the primary receive aproportion of votes equal to what they won.
What does it mean? Winner-take-all Proportional Representation: • 40% of votes = 0% • 40% votes = 40% of delegates of delegates • 60% votes = 60% of delegates • 60% of votes = • So if a state has 40 delegates and someone got 45% of vote 100% of delegates they would receive 18 delegates
Walking the Plank(s)Platform: A parties official position onkey issues; what a party stands for;what a party hopes to accomplish.Plank: One issue of a parties platform.So a platform is made up of planks…get it?